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THE NUTRIMEDICAL REPORT SHOW --- WEDNESDAY JANUARY 18TH 2012

HOUR ONE SPECIAL - HARLEY SCHLANGER - LaROUCHE FOUNDATION - WWW.LaROUCHEPAC.COM -- WWW.LaROUCHEPUB.COM
 

S & P Downgrades France, Austria and 7 Other Euro Nations

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21171

 

Planetary Defense: An Extraterrestial Imperative (This is a longer paper)

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21222

 

From the Future: The Original "Woman on Mars" Broadcast from 1988

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21220 - video

 

LaRouche Statement: What Russia's Warning Means

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21153

 

Top Russian Spokesman Issues Warning: An Attack On Iran Threatens Our Security

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21169

 

British Empire All But Admits Iranian Scientists; Sets USA Up as Target

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21212

 

US Calls Off Largest Ever Joint Exercises with Israel

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21189

 

U.S. Beef Cattle Herd in "Liquidation Mode"; Can't Sustain Domestic Supply

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21234

 

Obama Shuts 259 Fed Agriculture Offices to Cut Population

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21159

 

Cheminade Campaign Trail: After Reuters Wire, More to Come

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21229

 

Guidici to 1.7 Million Viewers: LaRouche and Glass-Steagall

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21168

 

Italian TV Announces Plans to Re-run LaRouche Warning

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21228


HOUR TWO NUTRIMEDS - DR BILL'S SOLUTONS FOR YOUR WELLNESS >>
---- KARDOVITE - HEART AND VASCULAR HEALTH - DETOXIFICATION AND PROTECTION FROM FUKUSHIMA
---- ALLIMAX - ALLIMED -- NATURAL PATHOGEN KILLER
---- MOUNTAIN RED DEER VELVET - 396 BIOMOLECULES AND SIX GROWTH FACTORS - TISSUE REGENERATION
---- COGNITION IGNITION - ANTIAGING FOR YOUR MIND AND MEMORY - ELF RADIOFREQUENCY PROTECTION

HOUR THREE - DR BOB THIEL PhD - WWW.THESECRETSECT.COM --- 2012 AND CURRENT EVENTS HAPPENING NOW !

January 18, 2012

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

HOUR ONE SPECIAL - HARLEY SCHLANGER - LaROUCHE FOUNDATION - WWW.LaROUCHEPAC.COM -- WWW.LaROUCHEPUB.COM

S & P Downgrades France, Austria and 7 Other Euro Nations

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21171

 

Planetary Defense: An Extraterrestial Imperative (This is a longer paper)

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21222

 

From the Future: The Original "Woman on Mars" Broadcast from 1988

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21220 - video

 

LaRouche Statement: What Russia's Warning Means

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21153

 

Top Russian Spokesman Issues Warning: An Attack On Iran Threatens Our Security

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21169

 

British Empire All But Admits Iranian Scientists; Sets USA Up as Target

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21212

 

US Calls Off Largest Ever Joint Exercises with Israel

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21189

 

U.S. Beef Cattle Herd in "Liquidation Mode"; Can't Sustain Domestic Supply

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21234

 

Obama Shuts 259 Fed Agriculture Offices to Cut Population

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21159

 

Cheminade Campaign Trail: After Reuters Wire, More to Come

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21229

 

Guidici to 1.7 Million Viewers: LaRouche and Glass-Steagall

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21168

 

Italian TV Announces Plans to Re-run LaRouche Warning

http://www.larouchepac.com/node/21228

British Empire All But Admits Killing Iranian Scientists; Sets Up U.S.A. as Target

January 17, 2012 • 8:35AM

Sir Rupert Murdoch's Sunday Times of London published a British Empire declaration of war against Iran, using its puppet state, Israel, as the cover to claim credit for the Jan. 11th killing of Iranian nuclear scientist Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan and the other nuclear scientists, going back to the first such assassination in January 2010. The gloating article is called "The World Inside Mossad's War on Tehran," and it describes a minute by minute account of the surveillance of Roshan, and how the attacks are planned and carried out in the "heart of Tehran" by Israeli agents, who can strike at any time.

"For Israel it was a classic assassination mission. 'What is seen in espionage films as a simple operation is a result of hard work, many months of intelligence gathering and a well-trained team,' said a source who released details, impossible to verify, to The Sunday Times.

That said, the Sunday Times has now officially announced that Israel is carrying out a covert war, so they raise the question, "the worry is, how will Iran respond?"

The Times writes:

"Since its foundation in 1948, Israel has used assassination as a national weapon, striking targets abroad ranging from Palestinians who killed Israeli athletes at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, to enemies on the streets of Amman and a Hamas leader in a Dubai hotel room in 2010," writes the Times.

"Now Iran is the target. In the past two years assassins have attacked five scientists in the state nuclear program, killing four of them. Mossad, the Israeli external intelligence agency, is widely believed to be responsible....

"There has also been a series of mysterious explosions. Last November a blast hit a military base used by the Revolutionary Guards, killing General Hassan Tehrani Moghaddam, head of Iran's ballistic missile program."

The British game is play up the Israeli role—which is actually orchestrated by the British "mother"—knowing that if Iran can be provoked into counter-attacking, it will be against the United States, and U.S.-strategic assets.

At the same time, the Brits have inserted themselves, through their puppet Obama, deep into the policy and decision-making process about war against Iran and Syria. In May 2011, just after the Navy Seals assassination of Osama Bin Laden in Pakistan, Obama made a trip to London where he set up the U.S.-U.K. Joint Strategy Board, which is an integration of the U.S. National Security Council and the corresponding British council. Then, two weeks ago, British Defense Secretary Philip Hammond made his first trip to the U.S. and signed, with Defense Secretary Leon Panetta a statement of intent on aircraft carrier cooperation, where British pilots will be eventually flying off from U.S. aircraft carriers since the British Empire eliminated its carriers long ago, due to austerity.




Giudici to 1.7 million viewers: LaRouche and Glass-Steagall
January 14, 2012 • 10:49AM

Movisol representative and taxi union leader Claudio Giudici's appearance on the national TV talk-show "Servizio Pubblico" yesterday was a triumph. Claudio was albel to talk about his letter to the Financial Times, call for Glass-Steagall, and ask the host to interview Lyndon LaRouche.

After his intervention, hundreds of people posted comments on the program Facebook site. Servizio Pubblico has posted highlights of the broadcast on youtube, including one on Giudici saying: Claudio Giudici, Tuscany chairman of Uritaxi, says taxi liberalization proposals are a weapon of mass distraction and the issue to discuss is [to] separate commercial banks from investment banks.

Among the Facebook comments, here is an idea of the enthusiasm generated by Giudici among the overwhelmingly young audience:

Comment 1: "A taxi-driver knows more than an economist, professor, senator for life, Chairman of the Council of ministers, former University dean and friend of the State president".

Comment 2: "I would propose this taxi driver as minister for Finance and Reforms... and maybe even interim Prime minister. Great!"

Comment 3: "A genius. The reference to epistemology is sensational".

Comment 4: "Give me his telephone number!"

Claudio Giudici's five-minute videoclip has been linked by tens of other websites and blogs.

"Servizio Pubblico" is a political talk show run by Michele Santoro, who left the national RAI channels after having conducted the most popular political talk show in Italy, "Annozero". Santoro is a quite an egomaniac, Jacobin-tainted leftist, who led a crusade against Berlusconi but showed respect for Tremonti. Due to his high popularity, Berlusconi could not manage to kick him out, until he decided to leave and establish his own channel.

Servizio Pubblico can be viewed also on the Internet worldwide. It started with a share of 15% to go down to 7%, yesterday, which means 1.7 million viewers.

The program started at 9 p.m. and ended about midnight. Claudio was introduced quite late, around 11.

You can view the clip at: http://www.movisol.org/audioupdate.htm


Italian TV Announces Plans To Rerun LaRouche Warning
January 18, 2012 • 9:06AM

Italian national television corporation RAI has announced a program for tonight at 23.30, leading off with Lyndon LaRouche's celebrated interview in 2003.

"'The entire financial and monetary system is close to destruction. We do not know exactly the day of the final collapse, but it will come soon.' It is from this shocking and provocatory statement by the great and controversial economist Lyndon LaRouche, released in 2003, that the installment of La Storia Siamo Noi is leading off: an attempt to understand the contemporary crisis by going through the history of global economy in the twentieth century. A crisis that could have been forecast and that punctually came, according to those then incredible forecasts. A crisis born out of the fight between industry and finance, product and money, real market and speculative market. Giovanni Minoli goes through the development of the western world since the Wall Street crash in 1929 to the 2009 crash of the New York Stock Exchange: ninety years of international economic scenarios and its changes are being presented, using also prominent interventions by Romano Prodi and Giulio Tremonti who, in different face-to-face [interviews] with Giovanni Minoli have described the causes of the crisis as well as solutions and above all hopes for the future of the economy and of global societies".

The program will be broadcast at 23.30 on Raidue, as part of the series "La Storia Siamo Noi" led by Giovanni Minoli. It is the same program and the same author who produced the mentioned interview with LaRouche in 2003.

The transcript of the 2003 interview appears in the April 25th, 2003 edition of EIR, which is available in the www.larouchepub.com archive.


S & P Downgrades France, Austria, and 7 Other Euro Nations
January 14, 2012 • 10:53AM

Late Friday afternoon, after U.S. financial markets had closed for the weekend, Standard & Poors announced that it had downgraded the credit ratings of France and Austria — which formerly had AAA ratings — as well as seven other European nations. Although expected for some time, the downgrades sent shockwaves through world financial markets, and may well be the last nudge which pushes the entire trans-Atlantic financial system over the brink into uncontrolled disintegration.

The French downgrade, in particular, could unleash a totally uncontrolled chain reaction, since large amounts of European banks' debt is collateralized against their holdings of French and other government bonds, which by contract must be AAA-rated. Downgrade the collateral, and the bank bonds go up in smoke. And with only four European countries (one of which is Germany) still retaining a AAA rating, the London Financial Times fretted about "the knock-on effect on [Europe's EFSF] rescue fund, which could now lose its own triple A rating, reducing its firepower or forcing eurozone nations to increase contributions yet again."

S & P announced that "today's rating actions are primarily driven by our assessment that the policy initiatives that have been taken by European policymakers in recent weeks may be insufficient to fully address ongoing systemic stresses in the eurozone." In other words, they are angry that the Dec. 9 Euro summit came up with only words and promises, and failed to agree to implement either sufficient fascist austerity, or the kind of Geithner-style hyperinflationary bailout of the banks that the British Empire has been demanding.

The sham of the Dec. 9 Euro summit agreement was unraveling visibly, in the days and hours leading up to the S & P announcement. The draft of a new fiscal discipline treaty for the euro area — agreed to in principal at the December summit — amounted to "a substantial watering-down" of the tough measures needed, according to the ECB, which therefore refused to endorse the draft. The austerity agreement itself was meant to be the fig-leaf which the ECB could use to justify their massive purchases of Italian and Spanish bonds. So, the ECB now finds itself in the awkward position of having ripped off its own fig leaf.

Another "agreement" from the December summit — that Greek bondholders would accept a 50% haircut — also fell apart, as the bankers' cartel, led by the IIF's Charles Dallara, suspended talks with the Greek government today, because no agreement could be reached — raising the specter of an imminent Greek default.

LPAC had warned you that precisely this would occur, writing on Dec. 9, within hours of the summit's conclusion: "The Brussels EU Council summit was a complete failure. While a EU 'treaty change,' imposing budgetary rigor and super-austerity was held up as the 'last chance' to give again credibility to the euro, after ten hours of clashes, it appears clearly that there will be no treaty change at all for lack of unanimity among EU members. It means in essence and spirit (not yet in law) the break up of the current EU."


Planetary Defense: An Extraterrestrial Imperative
January 18, 2012 • 7:11 AM

By Benjamin Deniston, Liona Fan-Chiang, Peter Martinson, Meghan Rouillard, Sky Shields, Oyang Teng

Contact: Basement@LaRouchePAC.com


This present report is written against the backdrop of an ongoing series of writings by Lyndon LaRouche, and is the product of the collaboration of our Basement Team’s ongoing work with him. The fullest understanding of the following will be gained from a reading in the context of his current international efforts and writings.1Starting from his September 30, 2011 international webcast, and a subsequent series of writings, “Principle or Party?,” “The Fall of the British Empire: Obama’s Armageddon End-Game,” “What is Creativity, Actually?: The Real Human Mind,” “A World at Its Wits’ End: The End of the World’s Wars,” “Reflections on a Work by Nicholas of Cusa,” and, “To Keep a Promise: The Mystery in Your Time.”


Because the ultimate defense is progress.

Table of contents:

Introduction

1. Overturning The Big Lie

The Anomalous Redshift
Creative Galaxies

2. The State of Galactic Spacetime

Message From a Guest Star

3. Local Weather from your Local Group?

Cloudy With a Chance of Cosmic Rays
The Fallacy of Simply “Geo”-Physics
Solar Cycles: Something to Sneeze At
The Way Forward

4. The Extraterrestrial Imperative or Extinction

The Endless Frontier

Boxes:

Box 1: The Principle in Evolution
Box 2: Laplace's Fraud
Box 3: Galactic Harmonics
Box 4: Vernadsky's States of Space
Box 5: Empty Space?
Box 6: Fine Structure, Constant?
Box 7: Cosmic Contagion
Box 8: The Very Large in the Very Small

Appendix:

Redshift

The world’s population is still reeling from last year’s natural disasters. Japan, a first-world nation, was brought to its knees by a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and subsequent tsunami in March; the US faced a record number of weather-related disasters; East Africa was hit with the worst drought in over half a century, putting 13 million people at risk; and the list goes on. If we find ourselves so vulnerable to threats which should be predictable, what hope do we have in the face of threats never before encountered?

In one sense, such natural disasters cannot be separated from those of man’s making, such as the twin crises of the collapse of the trans-Atlantic-centered global financial system and the immediate specter of thermonuclear war. Both underscore the imperative to redirect global policy away from the contrived conflicts of oligarchical manipulation, which have kept mankind in a state of relative infancy, toward the conscious evolution of the human species.

Recently, circles in Russia have proposed to judo the current insanity of a drive towards war by invoking Lyndon LaRouche’s principle of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI).2See the feature video, A Brief History of Lyndon LaRouche’s Strategic Defense Initiative, http://www.larouchepac.com/node/9196. Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., SDI Revisited: In Defense of Strategy, 21st Century Science & Technology, Summer 2000. Termed the Strategic Defense of Earth (SDE), this new initiative would focus on cooperation between the USA and Russia for missile defense, as well as defense against the threat of asteroid or comet impacts.3This initiative was proposed in October by current Deputy Prime Minister for Defense Dmitry Rogozin, then Russian ambassador to NATO. See, As World War Threatens, Russia Proposes SDE, Executive Intelligence Review, November 25, 2011; http://bit.ly/yn6rql. This is not the stuff of science fiction, as this very real threat was underscored by the recent near-miss of asteroid 2005 YU55.

This follows the same general intention expressed in a recent proposal for international collaboration on a network of satellite and Earth-based observation systems to provide warnings of earthquakes, extreme weather, and other natural disasters before they occur, as well as help to coordinate any emergency response measures needed. The proposal, called IGMASS (International Global Monitoring Aerospace System), would monitor everything from the structures and changes in the Earth’s crust (from mineral deposits to fault lines), to the electrical, magnetic, and particle conditions of the atmosphere, ionosphere and above, providing a comprehensive picture of the interactions of these Earth systems.4The project has been presented several times at the United Nations, and as of the summer of 2011 was being headed up by former Roscosmos Chief Anatoly Perminov. Several nations, including China, Ukraine, Argentina, and Indonesia have expressed their interest in this project. On April 4th, 2011, Perminov stated: “At the moment, China and NASA are seriously considering joining this project. I don’t like to use the word ‘saving mankind’, but we do need such a system to warn us about potential such threats... Every time I talk to somebody and explain why we need such a system, everybody supports the idea.” See, Russians Propose Global Monitoring, Executive Intelligence Review, April 22, 2011, http://bit.ly/wWHUSw.

These proposals come in the context of the emergence of a new global frontier, the Arctic. As documented in a recent LPAC policy paper,5See, Self-Developing Systems and Arctic Development: Economics for the Future of Mankind, by Sky Shields and Michelle Fuchs, http://www.larouchepac.com/node/20987. Russia, China, and other leading nations have taken the first steps in what must become a full mobilization toward the development of this region -- a prospect that should be seen as a new launching point for a renewed global focus on space colonization.

Generalized warfare is no longer a tolerable option for our species. As the SDE and IGMASS proposals indicate, we require a new concept of the strategic defense of the human species, which must be informed by two primary considerations:

Damage following the March 11, 2011 magnitude 9.0 earthquake in Japan, one
of a series of unusually severe natural disasters during the year. Credit: US Navy

1. If we wish to survive as a species, we must eliminate the ideology of monetarism, the false belief in an intrinsic value built into money, or any object for that matter. The immediate reinstatement of the original 1933 Glass-Steagall legislation is required to separate out the mass of hyperinflationary speculative debt of the presently failed monetary system, a debt to which a sovereign United States has no obligation. However, after decades of a severe lack of real, physical economic investment, the amount of money remaining after this separation would not be enough to fulfill our obligations to the future-oriented, capital intensive projects we require. This requires the employment of credit, as opposed to money per se, a unique kind of debt which has been and can be legally uttered by Congress for such productive purposes as we will outline here.6The single biggest obstacle in this respect is President Obama, who as acted as an outright agent of the imperial forces of Wall Street and London. Whereas the current slate of Republican Presidential candidates falls pathetically short of addressing this reality, the necessary solutions are being presented by a LaRouche PAC sponsored slate of federal candidates. For more, visit: http://larouchepac.com/campaigns A credit system, as opposed to a monetary system, is the means by which humanity ensures that future generations progress to successively higher levels of physical economic activity.

2. Mankind exists within a universe that is inherently anti-entropic. This means it is impossible to indefinitely maintain any fixed level of economic development, and any attempt to do so will guarantee the extinction of the human species. Most glaringly dangerous in this regard is the very existence of the “green” ideology, which calls for halting fundamental economic advancement (e.g. nuclear power) in the name of so-called “sustainability.”7The policy of halting economic progress has been the explicit intention of the British Empire, and is part of its genocidal depopulation agenda. For example see, “Behind London’s War Drive: A Policy To Kill Billions,” by Nancy Spannus, Executive Intelligence Review, Vol. 38, No. 45; available at: http://bit.ly/z0woR8. In the context of a ceaselessly developing universe, this means death.

Mankind’s ability to ensure his own existence depends absolutely upon our unique capability to consciously wield ever higher qualities of power sources, representing increases in levels of energy-flux density.8For example, the succession of wood burning, to coal, to oil, and then nuclear fission. Each of these steps expresses a qualitative leap in the ability of the human species to support its own existence. Thus, the relatively immediate future existence of the human species will necessarily be characterized by mastery of what LaRouche has identified as the nuclear/thermonuclear economic platform, spearheaded by a Moon-Mars colonization perspective.9This must be accomplished with the perspective of matter-antimatter reactions already in mind as the next frontier.

In doing so, we will begin to gain a competent understanding of the “weather” conditions inherent to our galaxy, with which we must contend both on the Earth, and on any body we begin to inhabit. We must set out now to do what is presently unthinkable - to come to not only understand, but to increasingly control these forces.

But before getting back to this, we must ask ourselves the question: do we actually know enough about the threats that we face? Do we know our enemy adequately? In this report, we will examine the second of the two points listed above: that the real threat is not from events in a passive universe, but in the fact that the galaxy itself is evolving, and that its rate of evolution defines what must be our own.

1. Overturning The Big Lie

The story of humanity’s existence is one of a newcomer to our galaxy. Borrowing from President John F. Kennedy’s famous 1962 Rice University address, if we take the age of the Earth as one day, the development of complex life on Earth began about 3 hours ago.10Beginning at the Cambrian explosion dated to approximately 540 million years ago. Humans have existed for a mere 3 minutes, and recorded human history began only within the last tenth of a second.

We can locate the mere several million years of mankind’s existence within the development of complex life over the past half billion years. Written in the fossil record is a history of ceaseless development and increasing activity, a process that can only be characterized as anti-entropic. (See box 1: The Principle in Evolution)

Reading this story, the development of life shows a clear periodicity of rise and fall, punctuated by great dips called mass extinctions. The overall trend of the increase in diversity and dominance of life is characterized by these cycles, one of about 60 million years, and another of about 143 million years – periods which mankind has yet to experience.11The initial hint of a periodicity in the fossil record was noticed in the 1980’s, and thought to be about 30 million years. In 2005 a reanalysis with improved dating scales indicated a strong periodicity of 62 million years, and a weaker but significant period of 143 million years. See Rohde & Muller, “Cycles in fossil diversity,” Nature, Vol. 434, 2005; and, John Sepkoski, “What I Did With My Research Career -- Or How Research on Biodiversity Yielded Data on Extinction,” found in the book, The Mass Extinction Debates: How Science Works in a Crisis, by William Glen; Stanford University Press, 1994.

The Earth as a whole appears to pulsate with the same cycles, like a heart beat of our entire planet. The uplift and collapse of entire continents, as indicated by sedimentation rates and other records, has occurred on the same cycle of approximately 60 million years. Even periods of large-scale continental volcanism have been shown to have this same 60-million year cycle.12Martinson, Peter, “The Importance of NAWAPA for Geophysical Research” http://larouchepac.com/nawapa-geophysics

Long-term climate variations of the entire planet, moving from global ice ages to global warm periods, occur on a period of about 143 million years, corresponding to one of the cycles of biodiversity mentioned above.13= See “The Milky Way Galaxy’s Spiral Arms and Ice-Age Epochs and the Cosmic Ray Connection,” by Nir Shaviv at http://www.sciencebits.com/ice-ages and “The Spiral Structure of the Milky Way, Cosmic Rays, and Ice Age Epochs on Earth,” http://bit.ly/xD3OEA = The same cycle has also been teased out of the clues left in meteorites, which have recorded changes of the cosmic radiation environment of our entire solar system.14Shaviv, “Cosmic ray diffusion from the galactic spiral arms, iron meteorites, and a possible climatic connection?“ Physical Review Letters, Vol. 89, 2002

In trying to unravel the tale of these cyclical changes the Earth has experienced, we are directed beyond the reaches of our planet and our solar system. Even the longest cycles of Earth’s motion with respect to our solar system, such as changes in the eccentricity of our planetary orbit, are only on the scale of hundreds of thousands of years. In searching for larger cycles, we are led to the motions of our solar system through our galaxy, cycles on commensurable time-scales to the major changes on Earth which we’ve outlined.

Evidence of our travels through the galaxy has been recorded in the meteorite records just discussed, leading to the hypothesis that these fluctuations in cosmic radiation result from our periodic passage through the galaxy’s spiral arms. In addition, several astronomers have made calculations of the possible period of our oscillation above and below the galactic disk.15E.g. Bahcall & Bahcall, “The Sun’s motion perpendicular to the galactic plane,“ Nature vol. 316, 1985 The entire perpendicular cycle, from one extreme and back again, would take on the order of 52-74 million years, matching both the cycle of geophysical pulsation of the Earth and the biodiversity cycle of life.

Graphical representation of the two theorized orbital cycles of our solar system through our galaxy, and the corresponding cycles in biodiversity and geophysical/climate activity. See: “Cycles in fossil diversity,” R. Rohde & R. Muller, Nature, Vol 434, March 10, 2005; “A Ubiquitous ~62 Myr Periodic Function Superimposed on General Trends in Fossil Biodiversity: Part II,” A. Melott and R. Bambach, 2009, arXiv.org preprint; “Cosmoclimatology: A New Theory Emerges,” H. Svensmark, A&G, Feb. 2007, Vol 48; “Cosmic Ray Diusion from the Galactic Spiral Arms, Iron Meteorites, and a possible climatic connection?” N. Shaviv, Physical Review Letters, vol. 89, Issue 5; “Environmental Determinants of Extinction Selectivity in the Fossil Record,” S. Peters, Nature, July 31, 2008, Vol 454; “Time-Series Analysis of Large Igneous Provinces: 3500 Ma to Present,” A. Prokoph et. al., The Journal of Geology, Vol. 112, No. 1 (Jan., 2004), pp. 1-22.

This evidence also indicates that we are heading into the same relative position with respect to our galactic plane as during the extinction that eliminated the dinosaurs 65 million years ago. It appears we are overdue for another such extinction/speciation event.

So, we have to look to our galactic environment to come to know our own Earth. But here, we run into a contradiction between the clear, anti-entropic evolution of life on Earth, and the fact that astronomical and cosmological investigation, including the study of our own galaxy, is dominated by a fraudulent extrapolation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics,16There is a general disagreement as to what exactly the second law of thermodynamics even states. In its original form, it was a quite reasonable observation by Sadi Carnot, made in the course of his work on heat engines, that heat never flows from a colder body to a warmer one. This observation falls well within the domain of provable, experimental physics. In the hands of Rudolph Clausius, however, it became an irresponsible monstrosity, extrapolated to phenomena whose essential nature had never even been probed scientifically. It became essentially a sort of apocalyptic religious belief, the adherence to which no doubt contributed to poor Ludwig Boltzmann’s choice of exit from this world. a law of increasing entropy. This false doctrine is typified by the work of Pierre Simon Laplace. (See box 2: Laplace’s Fraud)

But, there need not be a contradiction. There is a harmony between the anti-entropy evident in the development of life, and galactic processes. Life is not an exceptional case of “local anti-entropy,” which, in order to exist, must increase entropy elsewhere. The universe is not a big box of gas, in which almost all cosmic phenomena of any significance are merely chaotic “explosions.” There was never justification for Laplace’s fraudulent ideology, claiming that any event could be predicted from the immediately preceding event, in a percussive process resulting in an increasing dissipation of free energy, ending in complete stasis.

The development of the Earth’s biosphere has been an anti-entropic process, never reversing, but proceeding incessantly towards higher levels of energy-flux density. As the fate of the dinosaurs tell us, creatures that can’t keep up go extinct. The persistent anti-entropic nature of life cannot be created from entropy, and as we will show, neither can the evolution of galaxies, whose long-period cycles resonate with the development of life on Earth.

The question remains: what is our galaxy, really?

The Anomalous Redshift

Here, we aim to permanently dispel the idea of an assumed entropic fate of heavenly bodies. What we can discover in a study of galaxies, unhindered by false assumptions, is the creation and growth of galaxies, evolving into new states — indicating not only a maturation (as opposed to death), but even what we could call creativity.

This evidence comes from the early work of the American astronomer Halton Arp, studying the systemic associations and physical interactions between very high redshift galaxies and low redshift galaxies, something which is prohibited in the doctrine of Second Law cosmology.17See Appendix 1 for a brief summary of redshift interpretation according to the standard cosmology. The entirety of present cosmology demands that two galaxies with vastly different redshifts must be greatly separated in space and in time — yet we see clear examples where this is not the case.18The work of decades of research into this redshift anomaly is presented clearly in two successive books by Arp, Quasars, Redshifts and Controversies, 1988, and Seeing Red, 1998. However we are obliged to note a distinction between his observational work, and his theories explaining the new questions posed by the observations. Here we will stick to his observational demonstration of the existence of this anomalous redshift phenomenon, and draw implications, where we can, from there. A fuller treatment of his theories would require another occasion. With that said, credit should be given to Arp’s commitment and continuity of work, despite decades of denial and attempted suppression by the academic institutions. By the early 1980’s he was forced to move to Germany to continue his work, as he was increasingly denied access to the telescope at his previous occupation at the Palomar Observatory, despite his having worked there for 27 years, and despite the fact that he was considered one of the world’s leading up-and-coming astronomers during his early career.

This demonstration explodes the standard Big Bang theory. However, our focus here is not a treatment of the Big Bang as such, but of the much larger issue of the underlying assumption of the fraudulent Second Law of Thermodynamics.

There are two particular types of celestial objects which help to expose the fraud. The first type of object is a specific class of galaxy known as a Seyfert galaxy. These galaxies have very active central cores (nuclei) which shine much more brightly than the nuclei of other galaxies, and across a broad range of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Example of a Seyfert galaxy, NGC 4151. Separate close-up images of the active nucleus are
shown in radio, X-ray, optical wavelengths, and a composite of all three.
Image Credits: Center: Adam Block/NOAO/AURA/NSF; X-ray: NASA/CXC/CfA/J.Wang et al.;
Radio: NSF/NRAO/VLA; Optical: Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes,
La Palma/Jacobus Kapteyn Telescope

The second type of object is known as a quasar.19The name quasar comes from “quasi-stellar radio source.” “Radio source” because the first quasars were discovered from their strong radio emissions, and “quasi-stellar” because they visually appeared as singular point sources of light (similar to how we see stars within our galaxy), instead of nebulous blobs (as other galaxies appear to us). Their dramatic redshifts indicated that they lay well outside of our own galaxy. These are most well known by their extremely high redshifts, and when they are viewed in the sky, they appear relatively faint and small. Standard cosmological doctrine requires that these quasars, on account of their extremely high redshifts, be extremely far away -- much, much farther away than the Seyfert galaxies we see.

However, Arp demonstrates that these two classes of objects, which should be vastly separated in space and time, and therefore should be absolutely unrelated to each other, are actually systemically associated. This means that in the general regions around Seyfert galaxies we find significantly higher densities of quasars than we should find were these two types of objects completely unrelated. This correlation suggests that an actual physical relationship between the two objects must exist, i.e. they are close to each other in space and time, meaning that the standard assumptions about redshift fall apart. There must be some other cause for the dramatic redshift of quasars.

Arp calls this anomalous redshift, which can not be attributed to anything within the framework of Second Law cosmology, the intrinsic redshift, a property shared by all galaxies as well as quasars. As will be discussed below, this requires a new approach to physical phenomena, incorporating the notion of a fundamentally creative universe, whose properties require a thorough study of the phenomena of life and cognition.

Seyfert galaxy NGC 2639 with a pair of quasars perfectly
aligned across the galaxy. This is an exceptionally good
example, as the quasars have very similar redshifts as
well.
20The redshift values are indicated by the letter z, and are usually given in one of two forms, either in terms of a special scale ranging from 0.0 to extremely high values of 8+, or the measure of kilometers per second, which is generally used for lower redshifts (even though the object may not actually be moving at that speed this is still used as a convenient measure of the redshift value). If redshifts were actually indicative of distances,
these quasars would have to be ~20-30 times farther
away than the galaxy. See Arp, Seeing Red, page 58.

Not only did Arp show that there is a general association between Seyfert galaxies and quasars, but also that there is a tendency for pairs, or even multiple pairs of quasars to line up perfectly across these active galaxies, as seen in the image here.

As both Seyfert galaxies and quasars are relatively rare objects, the chances of those in the image above being unrelated, and only accidentally seen near each other in the sky, is quite small. The chance of finding just two unrelated quasars with similar redshifts this close is only about 1 in 100. Add to this the probability of seeing a Seyfert galaxy this close to the pair, and the likelihood of being a chance occurrence drops dramatically. Include the fact that they all line up nearly perfectly, with the Seyfert galaxy almost exactly in the middle, and the likelihood that this is mere coincidence becomes vanishingly small.21Arp also identified other objects in the image which he thought would turn out to be more quasars. In 2004 they were investigated, and the four unmarked objects in the image above did turn out to be additional high redshift quasars. See, QSOs and Active Galactic Nuclei Associated with NGC 2639, E. M. Burbridge et. al., The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 153:159-163, 2004 July.

Perhaps one or two incredibly rare exceptions could be tolerated, but by the mid-1990s Arp had identified dozens of very clear cases of such alignments.

Not only does this mean that these objects with dramatically different redshifts are located very close to each other in space and time (close in extra-galactic astronomical terms at least), but, as we will see below, these examples also point to the creative nature of galaxies, acting to generate new states of existence in the universe.

This evidence of the paired alignments, gathered from what were then new x-ray observations, fits in perfectly with decades of Arp’s earlier work, during which he had studied anomalous cases of galaxies that were known to be ejecting massive structures from their central cores.22The idea of galaxies ejecting any material should be seen as problematic for the doctrine of Second Law cosmology, as that doctrine describes the core as an incredibly dense region of matter which should be gravitationally pulling material in, not ejecting it out. (See image)

NGC 1316, also known as Fornax A. The right is an optical image from the Hubble space
telescope, and the left includes a radio image overlaid, showing the massive lobes of
ejected material dwarfing the size of the galaxy. Radio image courtesy of NRAO/AUI
and J. M. Uson.
Famous case of the Seyfert galaxy NGC 7603. A bridge of ejected material stretches
out from the main galaxy to connect to a smaller companion galaxy with twice the
redshift. Two quasars with much higher redshifts also appear to have been ejected
along with this bridge. Image credit: López-Corredoira M., Gutiérrez C. M., 2002,
“Two emission line objects with z>0.2 in the optical filament apparently connecting
the Seyfert galaxy NGC 7603 to its companion”, A&A, 390, L15.

These earlier studies uncovered numerous cases of objects with very high redshifts in close proximity and along the same direction as the jets of ejected material, and sometimes even within the jets, showing that these high redshift objects were actually being ejected from much lower redshift galaxies. This evidence has long indicated that it’s not just quasars that have this intrinsic redshift property, but that all galaxies do as well. (See image)

Creative Galaxies

The intrinsic redshift evidence shows us a creative universe, in which galactic systems are created and then evolve and develop, more closely resembling the morphogenesis of a living organism than any Second Law, entropic process.23Arp, in collaboration with Jayant Narlikar, developed a theory which attempts to explain the relation of redshift to a galaxy’s evolution. This present report is not intended to treat the specifics of their theory. Instead we will propose an approach which is methodologically fundamentally different than that taken by Arp and Narlikar. This new approach, as we will discuss in the following section, is grounded in a superior current of scientific thought, a current which has nearly disappeared from a modern science dominated by reductionism.

Though more work needs to be done to determine the exact nature of these processes, the intrinsic redshift values observed for different quasars and galaxies appear to correspond to distinct stages of galactic evolution, in which quasars may represent something akin to an embryonic stage, characterized by very high intrinsic redshift values, which then progressively decrease as the quasars evolve into full-fledged galaxies.24There is also evidence that the values of the intrinsic redshift of galaxies sometimes tend to cluster around certain quantized values. This is not always the case, but there are numerous surveys of systems of galaxies in which certain values of intrinsic redshift are more common than other values.

Further insight into how redshift indicates an evolutionary stage, can be gained by looking at relatively small systems of galaxies understood to be physically associated with each other because of their similar locations in the sky and similar luminosities and sizes. These are called galaxy groups.

One of the closest and best studied groups is the M81 group, so named because its brightest and largest member is the galaxy M81. (See image)

As Arp shows, if we take all the galaxies of the M81 group and plot them by their redshift we see that all of the companion galaxies surrounding M81 have a higher redshift than this parent galaxy. (See image)

This phenomenon of smaller companion galaxies having consistently higher redshifts than the respective dominant parents of their group was confirmed in other groups studied, as well as in studies of the entire Virgo cluster of galaxies.26The Virgo Cluster is composed of somewhere between 1,000 to 2,000 galaxies. For more on this study see: Arp, Astrophysical Journal 430, 74, 1994. This adds further proof that the intrinsic redshift we measure is an indication of the stage of evolution of a galactic system, and that new galaxies are being created, developing, and growing.

Map of the M81 group as observed in the sky. Galaxy sizes are not to scale.
Main members of the M81 Group of galaxies plotted by their redshifts relative to M81
mapped along the x-axis. See Arp, Seeing Red, page 63.
25With additional studies and the development of better telescopes, more members of this group have been identified since the 1998 publishing of this study. These newly discovered members tend to be either smaller irregular galaxies or “dwarf galaxies,” and their redshifts are consistently higher than their parent, M81.
Main members of our Local Group of galaxies plotted by their redshifts relative to M31
mapped along the x-axis. See Arp, Seeing Red, page 63.
27Again, more member of our Local Group have been identified since 1998, and their redshifts confirm that M31 has the lowest intrinsic redshift of the group.
Main members of the M81 group (outlines) and the M31 group (solids) plotted by
their galaxy types and redshifts, again taken relative to the parents M81 and M31.
Redshift is along the vertical axis. See Arp, Seeing Red, page 66.

Looking back to our home, our own Local Group of galaxies, of which our Milky Way is a member, is no exception. For our Local Group, the dominant galaxy is the Andromeda galaxy (M31), and again, all of the major companion galaxies around it, including our own, have higher redshifts. (See image)

Combining the M31 and M81 groups, and plotting the members by their galaxy type and by their redshift, we again see how the larger, older spirals galaxies (M81 and M31), have lower redshifts than their companions.

When we observe the Andromeda galaxy from the Earth, we see it as one of the rare galaxies with a negative redshift (blueshift). The standard assumption of attributing shifting spectral lines to the effect of relative motion has led to the popularly stated claim that our own galaxy and Andromeda are crashing towards each other, destined to collide in some 2 to 5 billion years. But we have already shown this to be an unfounded assumption.

What does this then imply for our own Milky Way galaxy? Since our galaxy is a companion to Andromeda, the parent galaxy of our Local Group, we should have our own intrinsic redshift relative to our parent, indicating the continual growth and development of our own galaxy. This rate of development of our own Galaxy constitutes the baseline rate of development for survival within that Galaxy. If mankind does not maintain or exceed this rate of growth, we face the same fate as countless species before us, who were similarly outpaced by the increase in energy flux density requirements.

There was never any justification for a universal Second Law of Thermodynamics -- we are not living in a giant box of gas cooling in empty space. We find our home in a developing galactic system, located amongst countless other developing galactic systems. The redshift case provides us with an insight into how the universe evolves into higher states of organization in the very large, and where we must locate the crafting of national and international economic policy to guarantee our continued existence within this system.

In other words, it’s difficult to build a home that lasts, if you don’t understand the changing grounds on which you build.

What does this galactic evolution look like, and how does it appear from the inside of a galaxy? What type of weather might a species living on a single body of that system experience as the entire system changes?

Mankind can never measure his existence against a fixed reference frame. The environmentalist doctrine of so-called sustainability is synonymous with extinction. Even maintaining a set level of economic activity requires that we continually advance technologically, just to maintain our relation with the progressing systems of the biosphere and of the galaxy. Economic progress is measured by the rate at which our rate of advance outpaces the changing universe, a reality which must determine how we shape policy as nations. From the fate of the dinosaurs, to redshift messages from entire galaxies, the universe is expressing the same unifying doctrine: progress or die.

2. The State of Galactic Spacetime

How is a galaxy able to act as a single system such that we observe this unified effect? That is, when we look at another galaxy, what we see is the result of light being emitted from millions to trillions of seemingly discrete stars,28In addition to the emissions from the stars there can be strong emissions from the galactic nucleus if it is active, as discussed briefly above. yet we do not see a variety of redshifts: rather, we see one intrinsic redshift of the whole system.29There are some small deviations, but mostly on account of the rotational motion of the galaxy and its stars. The galactic system has one intrinsic redshift. Since the galaxy as a whole possesses this intrinsic redshift, how does each individual star of that galaxy know to emit light of the same intrinsic redshift? Or, more simply, since each star is emitting its own light, how do they all act in harmony to a single effect?30If we include the evidence that some galactic systems tend towards specific quantized values of redshift, then this adds another dimension to the question of how a galactic system organizes itself.

This underscores the importance of eliminating the empty-space conceptions of our universe. We have to rid ourselves of the fallacy that a galaxy is simply an accumulation of stars held together only by gravitational attractions — stars which would otherwise be autonomous, discrete objects. The above considerations require that we understand that stars don’t compose the galaxy, but the galaxy composes the stars.

Along with other observational anomalies (see box 3: Galactic Harmonics), these considerations raise the question of how to investigate our own galaxy as a self-bounded, developing system, and what this implies for our own existence within our galaxy’s solar system.

The work of Albert Einstein and Vladimir Vernadsky provide a fundamental basis for investigating this question.

With Einstein’s work on special relativity, it was realized that new causes for redshift were possible. In special relativity, objects travelling at extremely high velocities relative to one another, approximating the speed of light, observe each other undergoing a distortion of their respective measures of distance and time. Light emitted from such a “slower” time will appear to have a lower frequency. The observer who receives this light will thus experience it to be shifted toward the red end of the spectrum, just as with the Doppler redshift. This redshift, however, is in a sense native to the observed object, as it is a product of a transformation of the internal spacetime relationships that the object experiences.

What if there are other means to effect this sort of spacetime distortion? It is feasible that two adjacent objects, experiencing no relative motion between them, could yet manifest totally different redshifts due to a difference in their respective spacetimes. It is even conceivable that more intricate distortions of the expected spectral lines could arise, shifting the different spectral bands of different elements in distinct ways, such as those currently being attributed to a change in the fine structure constant.

(See box 6: Fine Structure, Constant?)

In fact, such a heterogeneous spacetime is required by the later work of Vernadsky.

In the 1930’s Vernadsky had reexamined the qualitative distinction between life and non-life (an area broached earlier by Louis Pasteur and then Pierre Curie) from the standpoint of the work of Bernhard Riemann, opening up an entirely new depth of understanding of this distinction.31The applicability of Riemann’s work to the work of Vernadsky would make the spacetime effects more reminiscent of the sorts of phenomena that occur with general relativity. This would only approximate the ramifications of Vernadsky’s later work, however, and a more thorough discussion will have to be undertaken in another location.

The product of this work is reflected in a trilogy of papers on the Problems of Biogeochemistry and On the States of Physical Space.32See, The Problems of Biogeochemistry I and II, and The States of Space, available from 21st Century Science and Technology magazine: Winter 2000: http://bit.ly/wrL86T, Winter 2005: http://bit.ly/AxeuMd, Winter 2007: http://bit.ly/zYLPZY . In these works Vernadsky demonstrates that the concepts of absolute space and absolute time must be thrown out. The physical properties of the space and time can not be brought in from outside assumptions, but are determined by the phase-space of the process itself, and thus become a subject of empirical investigation.

(See box 4: Vernadsky’s States of Space)

All this combines again to make us ask: What actually are the spacetime properties of an anti-entropically developing galaxy? To what phase space do they belong? Are we justified in the assumption that they belong to the abiotic? Might they in fact belong to the biotic? The cognitive? Something else entirely?

This will only be determined by an investigation of the galactic system itself, and how it changes and develops.

Message From a Guest Star

Our own solar system, though billions of years old, is still a relatively recent addition to our evolving galactic home. Only a fraction of that relationship is recorded in the cycles of the development of complex life on our tiny planet over the past half-billion years, as discussed above. We are left to wonder, with the human species existing on this planet only for a few million years (not even the length of one complete cycle), how has our entire galaxy changed over the course of even just these “recent” galactic cycles?

Even much shorter than the period of the existence of our species, all of recorded human history becomes an almost infinitesimal slice of one of these galactic cycles. Yet, as just discussed, absolute time does not exist. The metric of physical action — changes in physical action, and changes in the potential for physical action — is where reality lies.

Probably the most famous expression of the constant development of our galaxy is the Crab Nebula. This amazing anomaly of the night-time sky is an incredibly recent addition. Though the nebula was first observed with a telescope in 1731, later taking the first place in the famous Messier catalogue, its location corresponds to that of a supernova observed by Chinese astronomers in 1054 AD. This gives the Crab a birth-date well within the limits of human history, less than a thousand years ago, more recent than the reign of Charlemagne.33Though, if we take into account the great distance to the Crab Nebula – probably several thousand light years – the time of its actual birth, as opposed to the time its effects reached Earth, might actually coincide more closely with the time of the flooding of the Black Sea, about 5,600 B.C. On this scale, however, time and simultaneity become rather tricky things, as we know.

Since that recent date, the Crab has risen to become the most conspicuous character in our evolving galaxy.34“The Crab has played a leading role in so many aspects of astrophysics that it was often said (at least by astronomers studying this object) that there are two branches of the field [of astrophysics] – studies that dealt with the Crab, and all the rest.” - The Sky at Einstein’s Feet by William C. Keel Currently expanding at a rate of 1000 kilometers per second, a transformation which is clearly visible in photographs taken over decades,35NASA’s December 27th, 2001 Picture of the Day animates this change, see: http://1.usa.gov/x5HqHf. the Crab boasts, as one of the first shocks that it delivered to astronomers, the fact that its expansion is in fact accelerating rather than winding down — behavior rather uncharacteristic of a simple explosion or a dying star. Again, we see a universe whose character is in fact developing and growing, and this at accelerating rates.

This steady transformation of the Crab has not ceased. Beginning in 2009, the relatively recently launched Fermi Gamma Ray Space Telescope and also the Italian AGILE telescope began observing short, intense flare-ups of gamma rays possessing energies of over 100 million electron volts. But then, on April 12 and 16 of 2011, two “super flares” occurred which were over five times brighter than anything previously observed in our neighborhood. The source and cause of these flares is still entirely unknown. When the Chandra x-ray telescope was turned to observe the Crab on these dates, absolutely no changes in the x-ray structure of the Crab were recorded. In fact no changes in any other frequencies were observed by other telescopes.

Our solar system relative to the Crab Nebula. Note the
interesting alignment from the galactic center.

The rate at which these gamma ray flare-ups occur and then die down precludes the possibility that these emissions could arise from any known method of heating of the nebula’s gases — the “cooling” phase would be far too rapid to be explained. However, if the suggested alternative is true — that electrons are being accelerated rapidly enough to produce the high energy gamma radiation from their acceleration — these would be the highest energy electrons connected to any known astronomical body. Add to this the fact that the largest flares occurred over the span of hours, and astronomers are at a complete loss for how such acceleration of electrons to such energies would occur. Is there perhaps some other possibility for the source of these flares?

Considered from the standpoint of the implications of our own galactic redshift, the more interesting likelihood is that we may not be able to explain the flare-ups by means of mechanisms occurring within the Crab itself.36This would not make the Crab alone in this respect. It has been proposed that the peculiar character of our own Sun might be similar. The hottest region of the Sun is the solar corona, farthest from the Sun’s center. As far as we can tell from our vantage point, the coolest regions of the Sun are within the sunspots -- the closest we can yet observe to the Sun’s center. This would imply a heating that moves from the outside in, rather than from the inside out. The current hypotheses about the centers of bodies such as the Sun and our Earth are just that, hypotheses. We have literally not even scratched the surface of any of these objects, including Earth. It is only Aristotelian prejudice that causes us to place the cause for their electromagnetic activities within the isolated bodies themselves, when so much evidence points to the primacy of their interaction and the medium which unites them. (See box 5: Empty Space?) In this case we must have recourse to a cause that is imposed upon the Crab, by its home galaxy, which renders the Crab a true expression of the development of that galaxy as a totality. Thus, what is usually discussed as a chaotic “explosion” actually displays some of the most remarkable expressions of change and development of our own galactic system — a process that we have witnessed over the course of relatively recent recorded human history.

Looking back to the Earth, we find our own home is as much an integral part of the intrinsic redshift-bound spacetime of our galaxy as the Crab nebula. What are the full implications of this for the inhabitants of our planet? As we will see below, the existential challenge — something only the human species has demonstrated the potential to address — is to define the needed science-driver program which will provide mankind with both a greater understanding of the totality of our relationship with our galactic system, as well as insights into how we can increasingly bring these interactions under our own control.

3. Local Weather from Your Local Group?

The past year gives us an intimation of what we may be in for. It all began with a gigantic blizzard in the American Midwest on Groundhog Day, which exploded as part of a dramatic, unforecasted shift within the atmospheric pressure regimes around the Arctic Circle. What followed was a series of deadly storms, earthquakes, and other major disasters, which now ranks 2011 as one of the most devastating years on record, globally, for natural disasters. Among the disasters: the unprecedented magnitude 9.0 earthquake and subsequent tsunami in Japan; the extreme flooding in Australia; the six tornado outbreaks in the United States; the simultaneous evils of extreme drought in the south, and extreme flooding in the north of the U.S.; the deadly monsoon floods in Pakistan, China, and Southeast Asia, with almost 1500 people in the Philippines being killed by one storm ; the active tropical cyclone cycle, including both Hurricane Irene and Tropical Storm Washi; the Alaska super-storm; the Halloween Nor’easter that dumped three feet of snow on parts of New England; the East African drought, which killed over 30,000 African children alone over the summer. The list goes on.37Soon after the March 11 Japan earthquake, in April 2011, President Obama went on record as being worse than indifferent to the science of weather forecasting: “There are some things that we can’t control. We can’t control earthquakes; we can’t control tsunamis; we can’t control uprisings on the other side of the world. What we can control is our capacity to have a reasoned, fair conversation between the parties...” He made similar statements to the victims of the Joplin tornado in May 2011: “We do not have the capacity to answer. We can’t know when a terrible storm will strike, or where, or the severity of the devastation that it may cause. We can’t know why we’re tested with the loss of a loved one, or the loss of a home where we’ve lived a lifetime. These things are beyond our power to control...“ Under the Obama Administration, new earth monitoring satellites critical for weather and natural hazard forecasting have been eliminated or delayed due to budget cuts to NASA and NOAA (National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration).

Throughout the year, as the disasters mounted, the British Monarchy’s environmentalist attack dogs struggled to pin the blame on man-made global warming. Not only is their analysis unscientific, and just flat wrong, but the solution proposed by these genocidalists would far exceed the Final Solution attempted by Adolf Hitler, the previous manifestation of British green policy. It were wise to remember that an earlier employee of the British Empire, Thomas Malthus, advocated both the initiation of warfare, and the encouragement of famine, disease, and other natural disasters, to reduce the population to levels manageable for the empire. The attempt to halt scientific and technological progress, in order to address a straw man created by minions, not scientists, of the British Empire, would reduce the world’s population at a rate that very well could lead to the extinction of our species.38This is the immediate strategic intention of the British Empire, as the Queen’s Royal Consort, Prince Phillip, for example, has openly expressed such intentions to “cull” the vast majority of the human population. President Obama’s acceptance of this policy of literal global genocide provides the grounds, and moral necessity, for his immediate removal from office. His intended healthcare “reform” has been drafted from exactly this same intention.

The British “man did it” dogma is not only wrong, but ignores the fact that our entire Solar System has erupted with unusual activity in the recent few years. For example, in December 2010, a massive, planet-wide storm flared up on Saturn, and lasted until July 2011. This is the largest storm we have ever observed on the planet, and nobody knows why it started now. Typically, large storms have been observed on Saturn every 30 years or so, which coincides with its orbital period. They have always developed right around the time that Saturn entered into its northern hemisphere summer, and may have a kinship with the tornado season that hits our planet every northern hemisphere spring. But, this time, the storm initiated much too early. Saturn shouldn’t transition to the stormy season for at least another seven years – some other factor caused this megastorm. Perhaps there are some who might claim that human emission of carbon dioxide on Earth is causing this extreme weather, also?

140 years of Saturn storms, with the anomalous 2010 storm indicated.

The Sun, itself, is transforming dramatically, in a way we haven’t seen for at least 400 years. All important indicators of solar activity are telling us that the Sun is going into a new phase of activity, a Grand Solar Minimum possibly like the great Maunder Minimum of the 17th Century. After coming out of an anomalous solar minimum, which lasted over two years, the Sun exploded with two large X-class, x-ray flares in early 2011.39It may not be a coincidence, that both of these large flares occurred only a few days before two of the most deadly earthquakes of the year, the magnitude 6.3 in Christchurch, New Zealand, and the magnitude 9.0 in Japan. This was followed by months in which several processes became decoupled. The northern hemisphere experienced surges of x-ray flares, while the southern hemisphere remained strangely quiet until later in the year. Seemingly independent of the flares, the Sun became amazingly productive in coronal mass ejections,40A coronal mass ejection, or CME, is an explosive ejection of a chunk of the Sun’s atmosphere (corona). some of which struck the Earth. Although the solar maximum for this cycle is forecasted to happen in 2013, various indicators are now saying that the solar activity abruptly accelerated late in the year, and that we had already reached maximum by late 2011.

It is important to note here, that this poses an immediate threat to human civilization in the near future. When a coronal mass ejection strikes our geomagnetic field, it can set off a geomagnetic storm, which, if powerful enough, could have the ability to destroy electrical equipment. The danger is that, should we suffer a direct hit by a large coronal mass ejection, it could blow out crucial elements of existing electricity transmission networks, crucial elements that can no longer be manufactured and replaced quickly by our devastated economy. Studies conducted to assess our vulnerability to such an event have shown that half the US population could be left without power for over a year, a situation which would lead to dark age conditions literally over night.41See Laurence Hecht, “The Solar Storm Threat to America’s Power Grid,” 21st Century Science & Technology, http://bit.ly/zoJTZh. In 2008, a report was published from a National Research Council workshop (under the National Academy of Sciences), http://bit.ly/yNhP56. In January 2010, the Metatech Corporation issued a report (commissioned under the 2006 Executive Order 13407), “Geomagnetic Storms and Their Impacts on the U.S. Power Grid.“ In June 2010, a joint report was released by the North American Electric Reliability Corporation and the Department of Energy, “High-Impact, Low-Frequency Event Risk to the North American Bulk Power System.“ These have detailed some of the “knowns and unknowns“ of the threats from intense solar activity. As one person involved in the studies commented, imagine the aftermath of hurricane Katrina, but happening simultaneously in 10-20 major cities, and lasting well over a year.

Six images of the Sun taken at the same time, but in different wavelengths and using various imaging techniques. The corona is captured well in the top left image, with a dark coronal hole seen in the left center of that image. The bottom center image is a mapping of the magnetic polarity. Notice how the same sunspot appears differently in different images. Credit: NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory, http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/.

During the second half of 2011, we already witnessed several coronal mass ejections that, had they happened only a few days earlier or later, may have been able to inflict such devastation. Some of the largest geomagnetic storms we suffered this year, were the result of grazing near-misses by some of these magnetic mega-blasts.

This “Fireball of Damocles,” under which we precariously stand, is a very conspicuous reminder of how little we still know about our own solar neighborhood. The entire system is transforming, as a system. Within this context, the development of a true strategic defense policy means that we must understand what drives that transformation. This capability is what the genocidalist green agenda, spearheaded by the global warming hoax, is blocking.

Cloudy With a Chance of Cosmic Rays

The unscientific basis of current carbon-obsessed climatology has been most notably exposed by the work of Henrik Svensmark and others on cosmic rays and cloud formation.42It is widely acknowledged that the single largest source of uncertainty in climate models is the behavior of clouds, whose formation appears to be governed by various electrodynamic processes in the atmosphere, through which diffuse electrical currents constantly flow. This has been rather simplistically termed the “Global Electric Circuit,” which actually refers to a set of processes representing the combined interaction of terrestrial (lithosphere and biosphere), solar, and galactic influences. See, for example, Carslaw, Harrison, and Kirkby, “Cosmic Rays, Clouds, and Climate,” Science 29 November 2002: Vol. 298 no. 5599 pp. 1732-1737 Low level cloud formation can be catalyzed by ionization from incoming cosmic radiation interacting with our atmosphere, playing a significant role in mediating a cooling and warming effect on Earth, as well as affecting precipitation. According to this theory, the influx of cosmic radiation catalyzing this process is mediated by galactic changes, galactic cosmic rays being the greatest known source of cosmic radiation, while solar activity plays a further mediating role. When the Sun is more magnetically active, the electrically-charged cosmic rays tend to get deflected from the Earth by solar wind. This includes outbursts from such events as coronal mass ejections, leading to so-called Forbush Decreases in galactic cosmic rays.

In this image (which is both a dramatic re-enactment, and a presentation of real data), the
Sun threw off a coronal mass ejection late on March 7, 2011. This CME (the fastest since 2005,
at ~2,200 km/s) struck the Earth’s geomagnetic field early on March 11, setting off a series of
two strong reverberations over the next 48 hours (in red). Both of these strong geomagnetic
storms were immediately followed by a sudden drop in cosmic ray flux, as meaured from the
neutron detector in Thule, Greenland. These drops in cosmic ray flux, due to the sudden onset
of geomagnetic storms, are called Forbush Decreases, after the man who discovered the
correlation, Scott Forbush.

In 2008, scientists Sergey Pulinets and V.G. Bondur authored a paper called “Role of Variations in Galactic Cosmic Rays in Tropical Cyclogenesis,” which examined a different manifestation of precisely this kind of effect on the Earth’s weather systems, treating the case of hurricanes, specifically the 2005 Hurricane Katrina.43Bondur and Pulinets, “The Role of Galactic Cosmic Rays in Tropical Cyclogenesis: Evidence of Hurricane Katrina,” Doklady Earth Sciences, 2008 Vol. 422, No.2, p.244-249 In the days prior to this devastating hurricane, the Sun unleashed a coronal mass ejection, which caused a geomagnetic storm here on Earth. Pulinets and Bondur showed evidence that the decreased cosmic radiation influx as the result of this solar event caused a decrease in atmospheric ionization normally caused by the cosmic rays. Condensation around these ions normally releases large amounts of latent heat. According to the authors, the decreased latent heat could have affected the atmospheric convection enough to cause an intensification and a change of the path of the hurricane, all ultimately potentially being driven by the change in galactic cosmic radiation interacting with the Earth’s atmosphere.

The hypothesis of a significant cosmoclimatic effect is also supported by the recent CLOUD experiment at the CERN particle physics laboratory, which showed that cosmic ray ionization increases potential cloud condensation centers by at least a factor of ten.44Jasper Kirkby et al, “Role of sulphuric acid, ammonia, and galactic cosmic rays in atmospheric aerosol nucleation,” Science, 2011. This study also resulted in more questions than answers about the science of climatology, including the role of atmospheric gases in cloud formation — the study revealed that even the basic atmospheric aerosol composition of clouds itself is far from being understood. The promotion of the anthropogenic climate change agenda has thus increasingly revealed itself to be nothing more than a British imperial program to push for deindustrialization and depopulation, as well as a fraudulent excuse for the onset of famines and other weather disasters.

However, human-induced climate change itself is inevitable, and, in fact, necessary for a proper understanding of climatic processes. There have been long-standing experiments to induce rainfall, for example, largely through cloud-seeding. In recent years, a new approach to weather modification based on artificial ionization of the atmosphere has been gaining traction, drawing on the insights gained from cosmoclimatology.45This technique has been pioneered by Russian scientist Lev Pokhmelnykh. See, for example, this article by one-time collaborator Sergey Pulinets: http://bit.ly/xvNkTT. On recent experimental work on laser-induced condensation by Jerome Kasparian et al, see: http://bit.ly/yqdcq8. This has the potential to give us greater leverage over key parts of the hydrological cycle. In combination with large-scale water management projects like the North American Water and Power Alliance (NAWAPA), which will increase the moisture available in arid regions, the direct manipulation of atmospheric parameters such as ionization can improve rainfall patterns, as well as mitigate destructive storms such as hurricanes.46See (Video) NAWAPA and Biospheric Engineering http://www.larouchepac.com/node/16500, and other detailed material on the project at http://larouchepac.com/infrastructure.

Investigation of atmospheric physics also gives us insight into processes deep below the surface of the planet.

We have renewed reason to conceive of seismic and weather phenomena, normally viewed as completely distinct kinds of processes, as different expressions of the same much larger environmental changes. This is typified, but not limited to, the study of atmospheric earthquake precursors.47S. Pulinets, D. Ouzounov, “Lithosphere–Atmosphere–Ionosphere Coupling (LAIC) model – An unified concept for earthquake precursors validation” Journal of Asian Earth Sciences Volume 41, Issues 4–5, 5 June 2011, Pages 371–382. These atmospheric earthquake precursors are tied to the Earth’s Global Electric Circuit, which is also the case for weather events such as thunderstorms and lightning. But on a broader scale, these different kinds of punctuated events also express changes occurring within our sun, our galaxy, and beyond. Let’s explore further the case of earthquakes and earthquake precursors.

The Fallacy of Simply “Geo”-physics

Official seismology continues to treat megaquakes, such as that which devastated Japan in March 2011, as essentially random events. Indeed, every single one of the most deadly earthquakes of the past decade has been off the charts of the U.N.-sanctioned Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Map, which is based on statistical extrapolations of worldwide seismic data from roughly the last hundred years. In other words, megaquakes such as the one that struck Japan each came as a total surprise to seismologists. Clearly, statistics alone will fail in precisely those dangerous situations that depart from the assumed norm, with the price for such failure paid for in human lives.

This does not mean, however, that earthquakes are inherently unpredictable.

Between 2000-2011, the 12 deadliest earthquakes (11 are shown on the map here) claimed some 700,000 lives. In every case, the actual seismic intensity of the earthquake exceeded the maximum predicted by the Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program (GSHAP) map published in 1999, which is used as a standard government reference respecting building codes and emergency response. On the map of Japan, which has the densest network of seismometers in the world, the colored bars indicate the government’s predictions of the probability of a “high hazard” or “very high hazard” (according the GSHAP seismic intensity criteria) earthquake occurring within 30 years, beginning in January of 2009. As can be seen from the blue outline, the region which actually experienced this level of seismic intensity from the March 2011 earthquake was generally assessed as a low hazard region at the low end of the probability scale. Sources: Vladimir Kossobokov, International Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences; Japan Meteorological Agency.

In fact, it has been clearly demonstrated by a number of scientists working in different countries, nearly all without government support, that large earthquakes are preceded by an array of measurable non-seismic precursor signals which could be incorporated into an early warning system. These precursors are the result of a complex and largely unseen process of physical preparation of which the rupture of a fault zone is only the most dramatic manifestation.

Graphic from satellite observations of anomalous infrared emissions starting
three days before the the March 11, 2011 Tohoku, Japan earthquake, and appearing
near the epicenter. Graphic from “Atmosphere-Ionosphere Response to the M9 Tohoku
Earthquake Revealed by Joined Satellite and Ground Observations. Preliminary results,”
D. Ouzounov et. al., 2011. http://arxiv.org/abs/1105.2841

Many of these signals are projected as subtle electromagnetic fluctuations within the roughly 100-mile-thick curtain of atmosphere that extends from the weather-producing troposphere up to the electrically-conductive ionosphere, which interfaces directly with cosmic and solar radiation. For example, prior to the Japan quake, instruments registered atmospheric heating above the future epicenter, as well as perturbations in Very Low Frequency and Low Frequency radio signals in the ionosphere. With an adequate array of ground- and satellite-based remote sensing instruments (such as that called for in IGMASS and similar proposals48The proposed Russia-U.K. collaborative project TwinSat is intended to be such a dedicated set of microsatellites searching for earthquake precursors, and has been proposed to be subsumed in the broader international IGMASS collaboration. The two satellites are planned to contain instrumentation to measure such electromagnetic effects in the ionosphere as have been observed to be related to earthquakes and other seismic phenomena. Separately, the Chinese plan to launch a pair of dedicated earthquake precursor monitoring satellites starting in 2014, as part of a broader program of ground- and satellite-based precursor monitoring. The U.S. DESDynI (Deformation, Ecosystem Structure & Dynamics of Ice) natural hazard monitoring satellite was cut by the Obama Administration in 2011.) and dedicated real-time monitoring of precursor signals, these “whispers from the Earth” can not only tell us of impending disasters, but hint at the possibilities for breaking down the artificial barrier between space physics and geophysics.49And, also, the possibility of acting directly on the seismogenic process. Beginning in the 1970s and 80s, Soviet Academician E.P. Velikhov pioneered the experimental use of magnetohydrodynamic pulses (MHD) to induce electrical currents in the crust down to depths of tens of kilometers, which reportedly is capable of inducing small earthquakes. Such work could shed further light on the still poorly understood electrodynamic processes in the earth’s crust. See Novikov et al., “Discharge of Tectonic Stresses in the Earth Crust by High-power Electric Pulses for Earthquake Hazard Mitigation,” 2nd International Conference on Urban Disaster Reduction, 2007. http://bit.ly/x632io.

A diagram of various forms of non-seismic precursors to large earthquakes.

For example, several studies have pointed to a correlation between earthquake activity and the 11 year solar cycle.50The solar cycle is measured by the approximately 11 year cycle of increase and decrease of the number of sunspots seen on the surface of the sun, though the exact length of the cycle can vary. The cause of this cycle, and causes of the variations in the cycle, are not completely known. Most recently two researchers out of Kyushu University, Japan, took the 4,108 large, shallow earthquakes from 1963-2010, and compared them with the phases of the last four solar cycles.51“Large” refers to magnitude 4.0 and above, and shallow earthquakes have epicenters of 100 km or less. See, Possible Correlation between Solar Activity and Global Seismicity, by Jusoh Mohamad Huzaimy and Kiyohumi Yumoto; proceeding of the 2011 IEEE International conference on space science and communication (IconSpace) 12-13 July 2011, Penang, Malaysia. What they showed was that for each magnitude range there were consistently more earthquakes during the declining phase of the solar cycle through solar minimum, when compared with the ascending phase through the solar maximum. This discrepancy was most pronounced for the largest earthquakes.

Percentage of shallow earthquakes by magnitude occurring during the
solar minimum and descending half of the solar cycle, or during the
solar maximum and ascending half of the solar cycle. Analysis of the
last 4 complete solar cycles from 1964-2008, indicated by monthly
average of sunspots. Data from Yumoto et. al. 2011.
The decade by decade totals of “great” earthquakes (magnitude 8.0 and
above), and large volcanic eruptions, measuring a VEI 4 or greater
(VEI = Volcanic Explosivity Index). Source USGS Earthquake Hazard
Program, Smithsonian Global Volcanism Program, and Laurence
Hecht unpublished report.

The last decade, which contained the longest solar minimum of the century, also saw the most magnitude 8.0+ earthquakes and the greatest number of large volcanic eruptions for any decade over the past century.52The argument is often made from the standpoint of thermodynamics that solar phenomena such as flares do not contain enough energy equal to that released in a seismic event here on Earth. This reasoning against a cause and effect relation between the two does not hold, however. A pointed stick may not contain the same energy as the difference between a sleeping bear and an angry bear, but it is nonetheless capable of bringing such a change about.

These relations should cause us to consider what types of similar activity might be occurring on other bodies of our solar system. Unfortunately, the best data we have is from the eight years during which we had operational seismometers on the Moon (1969-1977, left behind from some of the Apollo missions). During this operational window, out of the thousands of registered lunar seismic events, only 28 of them originated below the lunar surface (for example, not due to surface impacts by meteorites), and have been identified as “shallow moonquakes.” Their very existence is a mystery, as there are no active plate tectonics on the Moon.

23 of the 28 moonquakes recorded from 1969 to 1977 occurred when
the Moon occupied the half of the lunar orbit in which the seismic
network on the Moon’s near side faced towards a certain direction in
the fixed stars. This suggests a yet unknown influence coming from
outside the solar system.
The 1946, 1957, 1968, and 1977 pandemics shown over the last 6 solar
cycles. (Reproduction from Tapping, Matthias, Surkan 2001)

What is remarkable is that 23 of those 28 moonquakes occurred during the half of the Moon’s orbit when the near side of the Moon (on which the seismometers were placed) was facing a specific direction relative to the fixed stars, indicating a relationship not even to solar activity, but, as the author of the study says, to something originating outside of our solar system.53This study was lead up by a world expert on lunar seismic activity, Dr. Yosio Nakamura, sometimes referred to as Mr. Moonquake, out of the University of Texas at Austin. While the data set of 28 moonquakes is admittedly small, the evidence is too provocative to ignore. See Possible Extra-Solary-System cause for Certain Lunar Seismic Events, by Yosio Nakamura and Cliff Frohlich; Lunar and Planetary Sciences XXXVII (2006). (See image)

In light of this evidence for extraterrestrial influences on earthquakes, the deployment of a network of planetary seismometers, beginning with the Moon, should be an included feature of any comprehensive natural hazard monitoring program.

Solar Cycles: Something to Sneeze At

As with the deadly earthquakes discussed above, the challenges posed by our interactions with our solar system and galaxy are life or death issues for humanity. The potential already exists for monitoring atmospheric and ionospheric precursor signals of impending earthquakes to provide early warnings, a capability we must develop and expand with the needed satellite and Earth-based monitoring systems. But how might we expand such programs to incorporate the broadest range of threats?

For example, one of the largest periodic causes of mass death has been the outbreak of disease.

There is long-standing evidence showing that the incidence of diseases fluctuates with the Earth-Sun relationship. The most well known of these fluctuations is the seasonal flu pandemic. None of the conventional explanations for why influenza flares up during the northern hemisphere winter (environmental humidity, vitamin D deficiency, etc.) has yet been validated, yet the seasonal variations are very real. Further, this cycle of seasonal outbreaks is also a cycle of the evolution of the virus itself, a phenomenon which has not been explained by the standard models of mutation and selection. This seasonal variation would seem to imply a relationship between influenza outbreaks and the location of our planet with respect to the Sun. (See box 7: Cosmic Contagion)

In fact, looking beyond the yearly variations, the major flu pandemics of the past century exhibit an interesting pattern: the dates were 1946, 1957, 1968, and 1977, which imply a period of roughly 11 years, provocatively matching the sunspot cycle over this period.

Taking this back farther, if we map the major flu pandemics against the cycles of sunspot numbers for the last 300 years we get the following plot.

Here, you might not immediately see a correlation between specific solar cycle maxima and pandemics, but you can see that the pandemics occur in clusters. If we connect the sunspot peaks, which indicate how solar activity changes from one cycle to the next, then we see that the pandemic clusters occur during periods of more active successive solar cycles.

Pandemic influenza mapped against sunspot number and nova occurrences (mostly
flare-ups of our near neighbor Nova η Carinae) for the past 300 years

An initial hypothesis might be that such a correlation implies a relationship between some solar parameter, such as ultraviolet radiation, and influenza pandemics.54At the very dawn of viral studies, it was recognized already that viruses were sensitive to certain types of radiation. The example of UV radiation and lambda phage was elaborated by S.E. Luria, as in his “Radiation and Viruses” (1955). The work done by Alexander Gurwitsch on mitogenetic radiation, a unique kind of UV radiation produced by life, may enable the determination of even more precise effects. Notable exceptions to this correlation — specifically, the cases where pandemics fall on years of sunspot minima — point to a causal agent on a grander scale. Researcher Yu Zhen-Dong has shown evidence that pandemics occurring during solar minima show a close coincidence with bright supernovae and other sources of ground-level cosmic radiation.55Yu, Z. D., ‘Using the Information of Cosmic Rays to Predict Influenza Epidemics’. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center 19th Intern. Cosmic Ray Conf., Vol. 5 p 525-528 (SEE N85-34991 23-93) 1985 This implies a galactic rather than solar driver of the phenomenon, with cosmic radiation influx from outside of our solar system as the main culprit, rather than incident solar UV radiation. That is, the changes associated with solar activity are likely rather caused by the Sun’s well-known role in moderating the influx of cosmic radiation into our solar system, mentioned above.

If we take into account the increasing recognition of the role of viruses, particularly retroviruses, in human and animal evolution,56Villareal, L., “Can viruses make us human?” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society vol. 148, no. 3, September 2004 and Ryan, F., Virolution, Collins, 2009. Also see LPAC’s recent video reviewing a case study of viruses and evolution: Strategic Defense of Earth: What You Didn’t Know About Viruses Episodes I and II http://larouchepac.com/node/20820 and http://larouchepac.com/node/21089 we see a means by which the long-term development of life on our planet can be closely tied to such galactic cycles. This begins to point to the idea that what we currently call disease is instead simply a malfunction of a broader process of evolution. Many of the important biological traits in both humans and animals are seen to have a viral origin to them, when we look at the role of endogenous retroviruses (sequences in the genome thought to be derived from ancient viral infections).

Further, real-time examples of the mediating role of viruses in the development and interaction of organisms is seen in the case of ocean viruses. By far the most abundant biological entity in the ocean, they play a very specific role in moderating the evolutionary development of life there. For instance, viruses have been discovered which contain all of the genetic material necessary for photosynthesis.57Sharon, I., et al., Photosystem I gene cassettes are present in marine virus genomes, Nature 461, 258-262 (10 September 2009) This material is not used by the virus itself, obviously, because viruses do not photosynthesize. It exists only so that the virus can “infect” some other organism with this capability for photosynthesis. In fact, 60% of all photosystem A genes are from viruses which infect bacteria, and it is likely that 10% of all photosynthesis globally is carried out by photosystems with a viral origin.58Rohwer, F., Viruses manipulate the marine environment, Nature 459, 207-212 (14 May 2009) Likewise, the vast majority of viruses “infecting” humans are not causing any sort of illness.

The number of symbiotic viruses contained within the healthy human body is currently unknown, though a recent viral census of only the human intestinal tract uncovered 4000 different viruses, 80% of which had been previously unknown. What role do these viruses play, if not as disease agents? In fact, compared to the relative infrequency with which a human being suffers from pathogenic viral infections (two to three colds a year), it would seem that the vast majority of viral infections are either innocuous or — as is the case with human gut bacteria — perhaps helpful and necessary. There may in fact be no means to control such processes of disease without taking voluntary control of such evolutionary processes in their entirety. Such control, tied as it is to larger-scale galactic processes, would evidently not be possible from our currently limited location here on the surface of the Earth. The research potential for the study of viruses is necessarily and greatly expanded when viewed in this context, and gives us another important application for any collaborative monitoring and defense system. How must we expand these global monitoring and defense systems in light of these considerations?

Remote sensing has already begun to be used to search for “disease precursors” on Earth. A 2009 paper entitled “Using Satellite Technology to Model Prediction of Cholera Outbreaks,” reported that remote imaging technologies developed by NASA “have been used to relate sea surface temperature, sea surface height, and chlorophyll A levels to cholera outbreaks.” What we are discussing here is somewhat different, however. The role of viruses in such large-scale evolutionary processes and their relation to development processes on galactic and supergalactic scales presents us with the exciting but daunting prospect that, in order to control disease on Earth, mankind will likely have to take control of the very processes on a galactic scale which fuel such evolutionary development. Could Earth’s cosmic radiation environment be consciously managed to such effect?

The Way Forward

The challenge now becomes to craft a policy outside of the fraudulent conceptions of empty space and absolute time. From extreme weather and large-scale, disastrous earthquakes, to the biological domain of disease outbreaks, and from the mystery of the moonquakes, to the harmony of atomic, chemical, and biological reactions, we have an array of seemingly independent anomalies, all of which point to one grand, integrated geo-solar-galactic process, invisible to anyone studying any one of these anomalies alone.

(See box 8: The Very Large in the Very Small)

Image (NASA): note the position of our Sun with respect
to the Orion Spur.

On our single, tiny planet mankind has walked, worked, and lived for merely a few million years, mostly unaware of the deep interconnection between what we register with our senses as, seemingly, different phenomena we experience “here,” and the observed, or unobserved, activity “out there” amongst the stars. The continued existence of mankind demands that we rid ourselves of this ignorance. Our relatively short occupation of this planet comes no where near matching even one of the cycles of galactic change over the past half-billion years of the evolution of complex life, and there is no guarantee that we will escape the fate of countless other species which have gone extinct.

For example, our present journey into what astronomers call the Orion Spur, which appears to be an intense star-forming region which splits off from the Sagittarius-Carina arm, possibly sets for us the same challenge that faced the dinosaurs. But, we are not mere animals. As Shakespeare would agree, the fault is not in our stars, but in ourselves: mankind has demonstrated the ability to escape this inevitability through the application of his unique, self-conscious creativity. But, the application of creative discovery to secure the immortality of our species, is a willful act. This now re-situates the subject of strategic defense as a divine mandate.

4. The Extraterrestrial Imperative or Extinction

The idea that a person might be born, grow up, and die without ever leaving the confines of his or her village sounds today like a quaint relic of a primitive and superstitious past. In the same vein, future civilization will wonder at the parochialism of a humanity that once thought itself fixed within the confines of the planet Earth.

Our world, said the space pioneer Krafft Ehricke, is closed only to the extent that we limit ourselves to the pessimistic decay of a zero-growth ideology, and it is open to the extent that we embrace what he called mankind’s Extraterrestrial Imperative. “By expanding through the universe, man fulfills his destiny as an element of life, endowed with the power of reason and the wisdom of the moral law within himself.” 59Freeman, Marsha. Krafft Ehricke’s Extraterrestrial Imperative, Apogee, 2009

That imperative for man in space is dictated by the principles of physical economy. We require a constant net increase in applied energy-flux densities of production sufficient to outpace both the attritional effects of consumption, as well as evolutionary processes that have, in the past, imposed the penalty of extinction upon species which have failed to contribute to the rising requirements for energy throughput of the biosphere as a whole (See Energy Flux Density diagram)

Put another way, the millenia of relatively stable environmental conditions humanity has enjoyed thus far, should be thought of as a grace period afforded us to develop the means of recreating habitable worlds away from the cradle of Earth.

The proving ground for this will be a manned mission to Mars, a goal which subsumes virtually all of the necessary breakthroughs at the horizon of science and culture visible today.

The Endless Frontier

Mars lies at the edge of the inner solar system, from which the Earth appears as nothing more than a bluish dot in the sky. Nuclear fusion propulsion will put our planetary neighbor within reach, by reducing transit times for human passengers to weeks or days, rather than the hazardous six-to-nine months it would take with chemical rockets.60As a rough approximation, consider that the combustion of 13 tons (about the weight of a large school bus) of liquid hydrogen and oxygen, a commonly used rocket fuel, releases an equivalent amount of energy as 0.5 grams (the weight of a single Tylenol pill) of deuterium in a conventional deuterium-deuterium fusion reaction. A more complete appraisal of the relative difference in energy-flux density would have to take into account the qualitative changes that come with the mastery of an entirely new set of physical principles--a concept foreign to President Obama, as shown in remarks he made in September 2010: “We wouldn’t need new technologies. We wouldn’t need to invent some fancy new fusion energy or anything. If we just took our existing building stock in homes and insulated them, had new windows... we could squeeze huge efficiencies out of that.“ The several decades lead time likely needed to develop this crucial technology, must meanwhile be expended in the industrialization of the Moon — our nearest neighbor, and the virtual front porch of our earthly home in the local solar neighborhood.61Video: From Moon to Mars-The New Economics I (http://www.larouchepac.com/node/11573)

Settlement of Mars will give humanity a foothold on the entire solar
system. Credit: Bruce MCall for NASA.

With no atmosphere or magnetic field of its own to speak of, the lunar surface is exposed to a constant flux of meteoroids and micrometeoroids, cosmic radiation, and solar wind. These have etched into the lunar regolith a historic record of galactic evolution over the past several billion years as experienced by our solar system’s travel through the galaxy, complementing and extending our geological and fossil record on earth.

The Moon’s exposure to cosmic and solar radiation has also left its surface laden with such readily available riches as the rare isotope Helium-3, a key fuel source for future thermonuclear fusion reactors, and — in what came as a major surprise in the last several years — a significant amount of water ice. The lunar regolith itself can be processed to fabricate building materials for research and mining installations, powered initially by nuclear fission. Projected back onto Earth, these achievements will have a special resonance for frontiers such as the Arctic and Antarctic. For example, life-support systems developed for the harsh conditions of space have already proved indispensable in designs for the planned self-sufficient Russian city of Umka, north of the Arctic Circle.62Contrast these prospects to President Obama’s remarks justifying his cancellation of NASA’s Moon-Mars Constellation Program: “I understand that some believe we should attempt a return to the surface of the Moon first, as previously planned... But I just have to say pretty bluntly here: We’ve been there before.“ April 2010.

Rather than simply leaping from one isolated body to the next, the goal of human expansion outward from Earth should be nothing less than what NASA’s Apollo-era Administrator James Webb called “a total capability in space.”63The lunar landing itself was the fruit of a vision that pre-dated the Cold War, promoted by a small group of German space enthusiasts, which included Krafft Ehricke and Werner von Braun, the father of the Saturn V Moon rocket. Von Braun’s 1960s design for the Apollo program saw the lunar landings as mere prelude to a manned Mars landing by 1984, a plausibility at the time, given President Kennedy’s early support for the nuclear rocket program (which was terminated in the early 1970s). Anchored by lunar exploration, industrialization, and settlement, this capability will include everything from asteroid deflection and resource mining, to biomedical advances for extended deployments in zero- and reduced-gravity conditions, to accurate solar forecasting to warn of impending radiation storms.

Developed as Earth’s “seventh continent”, the Moon becomes not only the gateway to Mars, but the test of humanity’s commitment to its own willful evolution.

Krafft Ehricke’s vision for Selenopolis, the first city on the moon. Depicted on the right is
the construction of a giant tokamak (toroidal) fusion reactor, which is able to take
advantage of the natural high vacuum of the moon’s surface as well as the abundant
helium-3 fuel in the regolith. Credit: Christopher Sloan, Fusion Energy Foundation.

As Ehricke wrote in his Lunar Industrialization and Settlement:

“The Moon is the touchstone of the human future. Instead of searching for and speculating about life elsewhere, we will put it there. Forthwith, civilization will be three-dimensional, and life will be polyglobal. Living at the ethereal shores of heliocentric space, the Selenians will be the Cosmopolynesians of the solar system, navigating between worlds. They will build the bridge between a dim past under terrestrial skies, where the great legends of human emergence tower, and a deathless civilization in a stellar future whose shadows beckon and long to be given substance.”

Indeed, if lunar colonization represents the childhood of humanity’s maturation outside the womb of the Earth, then Mars colonization will be its adolescence. With the transition to a fusion-powered physical-economic platform, the sphere of human civilization widens to encompass the entire inner solar system.

Think: “interplanetary infrastructure.”

For example, by conducting interferometry between orbiting arrays of radio telescopes as far out as Mars, constructed and serviced by scientific teams based on the surface, we can essentially create an “eye” with a diameter equivalent to Mars’ orbit, a scale befitting what should be our galactic ambitions as a species. After all, as the observational anomalies in astronomy discussed above should remind us, trying to draw certain conclusions about galactic and extragalactic processes without ever leaving Earth isn’t much different than trying to map the New World without ever leaving Europe.

But the ultimate Martian experiment will be the planting of the first trees there—that is, the eventual transformation of the Martian surface into a habitable biosphere, a feat of planetary engineering whose achievement will bring to bear virtually the entirety of human knowledge. On Earth, humanity has increasingly modified existing biogeochemical flows of materials, such as the hydrological cycle, through such practices as dam building, large-scale irrigation, and industrial production. In a few cases, such as the production of biologically useful nitrogen, we have overtaken the natural cycle. On Mars, however, the biogenic migration of atoms (as Vernadsky called it) will have to be created virtually from scratch. This is not simply a question of a biochemistry experiment scaled up to planetary dimensions; rather, we will be faced with the conscious tuning of solar and cosmic radiation with the specific geochemical environment of Mars.64Given the the dependence of terrestrial life on the geomagnetic field for both radiation protection as well as regulation of such functions as circadian rhythms, we must ask: might we need to create an artificial magnetic field on Mars? See, for example, Oyang Teng, “Onward to Mars: The Triumph of the Weak Forces,” LaRouchePAC, 2010. http://www.larouchepac.com/node/14423.

Though such a prospect is many generations distant, the considerations involved in this challenge allow us to put weather modification on Earth in proper perspective. We spoke above about artificial ionization to enhance (or in some cases, mitigate) rainfall. This local modification of the global electric circuit could point the way toward the eventual planet-wide modulation of our electromagnetic environment, which will one day be an integral part of what is considered basic economic infrastructure.

It is perhaps appropriate that the greatest stimulus in our understanding of the earth environment has come with the advent of the Space Age. Only with observations from orbit could we begin to measure the interaction of key terrestrial processes such as cloud cover and sea surface temperature in their global aspect, as well as begin to appreciate how much these processes depend on solar and cosmic radiations that were previously undetectable from the surface.

What of our broader environment in which we actually exist? When it comes to interplanetary space (not to speak of interstellar space),65If our own solar environment is still largely enigmatic, interstellar space is even more of a mystery. Voyagers 1 and 2 are the furthest objects sent out from Earth, launched in 1977 to study the outer planets and now sailing through the outer reaches of the heliosphere. They will be the first human objects to directly sample interstellar space, some 40 years after their departure from Earth. how much are we like the early ocean explorers, blindly plumbing the depths with nothing more than weighted ropes thrown overboard?

In the face of such potential threats as asteroid collisions, coronal mass ejections, extreme weather, and earthquakes, including those we have yet to fully define, the question, “What’s out there?” is more than a matter of curiosity; it is one of survival. It is one which cannot be met by any one nation, but requires the close cooperation of all.

In this light, it is all the more significant that, in the fields of natural hazard monitoring and space exploration, China and Russia have made important commitments as matters of policy. Not only is an adversarial relationship between the United States and these two natural allies completely unnecessary; in a world of thermonuclear weapons, it is suicidal. The proposal from Russian government officials for war avoidance as well as asteroid defense through the Strategic Defense of Earth only typifies the potential framework for a fundamentally new quality of cooperation around the common aims of mankind.

A redefinition of the notion of strategic defense also implies a corresponding redefinition of the role of the military, the institution traditionally tasked with this mandate. Our republican military tradition, typified by the founding of the Army’s West Point Academy as an engineering institution, was once dedicated to nation building, by securing and defending the frontier. What might this entail for the frontiers of space?

These and other questions related to the strategic defense of the human species cannot be answered by simply projecting from present conditions. It is in the very nature of space science to operate at the very limit of knowledge, in which the most important gains to be made are not on tasks we can already foresee, but in the new questions that invariably arise when those limits are pushed. By committing to our extraterrestrial imperative, we give ourselves ever-expanding capabilities to answer these questions.

Such is true economics. Such is true strategic defense.

As Vladimir Vernadsky first demonstrated, living organisms act as the driving force in the utilization of solar and cosmic radiation for the continuous transformation of the planet Earth, generating energetic and chemical conditions on which further life depends.66See The Biosphere, and his trilogy of essays, The Problems of Biogeochemistry I and II, and The States of Space. The Biosphere (Complete Annotated Edition), Far West Institute, 1998. 21st Century Science and Technology, Winter 2000: http://bit.ly/wrL86T, Winter 2005: http://bit.ly/AxeuMd, Winter 2007: http://bit.ly/zYLPZY. Over the course of evolutionary history, life has always created pathways for higher and higher levels of energy-flux density, increasing the rate at which it transforms the surface of the Earth, and expanding the extent of its reach.67A classic example is the case of life’s creation of a free oxygen atmosphere, a high state of disequilibrium, which would disappear in a geological instant if life were to stop acting. For more on the Basement team’s study of the history of life, see the video reports on the LPAC Evolution webpage: http://www.larouchepac.com/evolution We witness this development in the fossil records uncovered in the layers of the Earth’s crust, which also express the development of the galactic environment which life on Earth has experienced over this period.

In this process we see that the species that are fixed to lower levels of energy-flux density, and are incapable of adapting to a higher system, are wiped out. Periodic extinctions, and even mass extinctions are necessary consequences, as the system of life moves forward.

To highlight one illustrative example, examine the tale of two forms of shelled sea creatures: “articulated brachiopods” and “bivalve mollusks.”

Image: by author, CC 3.0

Despite the fact that these two types of sea creatures clearly have a very similar general structure, composed of two half-shells hinged together on one side, protecting a fleshy creature inside, according to the standard biologist’s “tree” of life they are in completely different phyla and are not at all closely related. In fact, according to this standard view, their “closest common relatives” existed over 600 million years ago (creatures which did not visually resemble either of these two examples), and they are said to have since evolved separately, independently coming to have similar physiological structures. This is referred to as a case of “convergent evolution.”

They also occupy similar positions in the food chain. They are generally of the same size, can live in similar locations, eat the same types of food, and are preyed upon by similar predators.

Whereas the brachiopods were extremely diverse and prolific during the Paleozoic Era (lasting from ~540 to ~250 million years ago), they are much rarer in our modern times, in which the bivalves dominate (for example, clams, oysters, mussels, and scallops are all bivalves).

For years the ascendancy of the bivalves was assumed to be a classic case of “survival of the fittest,” by which one type of organism gradually replaced another through competition. However when paleontologists uncovered a clear enough reading of the fossil record it was seen that this was simply not the case.

Biodiversity levels of articulated brachiopods and bivalves, measured in
the total number of Families existing at the indicated times over the past
600 million years. Image based on records provided by Gould and
Calloway, 1980, as cited below.

Instead, despite sharing many physiological characteristics, as well as occupying the same general location in the food web, the mass extinction of the Permian-Triassic boundary selectively devastated the brachiopod populations, but hardly affected the bivalves.

Top-level experts in applying lazy reasoning to the field of paleontology claim that there is no overall structure to this process, and that it simply played out this way because one form just happened to be eliminated instead of another.

What the record shows is that the Permian-Triassic mass extinction (which is estimated to have caused the extinction of ~96% of all marine species), is one of the largest inflection points in the rising energy-flux density of the system of the biosphere as a whole. The periods following the P-T extinction are characterized by the dominance of qualitatively more energy-dense forms of life, as well as an overall increase in the energy of the biosphere as a whole, supported by qualitative transformations in the photosynthetic activity in both the oceans and on land.

As an expression of this, we see that the bivalve mollusks are characteristic of a biosphere of a higher rate of energy-flux density, when compared with the articulated brachiopods. The bivalves have a metabolic rate roughly 10 times greater, contain a significantly greater relative amount of fleshy biomass (even when the shells are the same size), and are overall more active and mobile.

References:

Clams and Brachiopods-Ships that Pass in the Night, 1980, by Stephen Jay Gould and C. Bradford Calloway; Seafood Through Time: Changes in Biomass, Energetics, and Productivity in the Marine Ecosystem, 1993, by Richard K. Bambach; The Ecology of Anti-Entropy

For those who think you do not know Pierre Simon Laplace, you do. The philosophy which Laplace propounded is so prevalent among scientific education and otherwise today that it has infected everyday reasoning.

Kepler’s revolutionary work firmly established that only a Platonic/Pythagorean worldview was capable of accounting rigorously for the phenomena of the physical universe, because only that worldview was capable of accounting for the hidden causes which lay behind the illusions presented to us by our sense perceptions. Kepler held Mind to be a central principle in physical phenomena, not as a mystical cause, but a manifestation of the fact that final causes — something akin to intention — always governed what the reductionist viewed as a collection of bottom-up efficient causes.68This difference between final and efficient causes is best illustrated by Plato’s Socarates in his Phaedo dialogue, where he discusses Mind as cause (final cause) in contrast to the bones and muscle (efficient cause of the Laplacian sort): “I found [Anaxagorus] altogether forsaking Mind or any other principle of order, but having recourse to air, and ether, and water, and other eccentricities. I might compare him to a person who began by maintaining generally that Mind is the cause of the actions of Socrates, but who, when he endeavored to explain the causes of my several actions in detail, went on to show that I sit here because my body is made up of bones and muscles; and the bones, as he would say, are hard and have ligaments which divide them, and the muscles are elastic, and they cover the bones . . . and as the bones are lifted at their joints by the contraction or relaxation of the muscles, I am able to bend my limbs, and this is why I am sitting here in a curved posture: that is what he would say, and he would have a similar explanation of my talking to you, which he would attribute to sound, and air, and hearing, and he would assign ten thousand other causes of the same sort, forgetting to mention the true cause, which is that the Athenians have thought fit to condemn me, and accordingly I have thought it better and more right to remain here and undergo my sentence... There is surely a strange confusion of causes and conditions in all this. It may be said, indeed, that without bones and muscles and the other parts of the body I cannot execute my purposes. But to say that I do as I do because of them, and that this is the way in which mind acts, and not from the choice of the best, is a very careless and idle mode of speaking. I wonder that they cannot distinguish the cause from the condition, which the many, feeling about in the dark, are always mistaking and misnaming.”

After Kepler’s death, two projects were launched with the intention of destroying this Pythagorean conception of knowable causes, and replacing them with the type of a priori assumptions favored by imperial worldviews. The first, launched in Europe, was the promotion of the philosophy of René Descartes. The second, was the refurbishing of Descarte’s philosophy and its subsequent redeployment into England under the name of Isaac Newton. As Gottfried Leibniz quickly realized, the goal of Newton’s “philosophy without hypotheses” was exactly the opposite of that which it claimed. Under Newton, science was separated from any notion of ultimate causes, and physical phenomena were instead reduced to the actions of pieces of impenetrable matter upon one another, by means of unexplainable “forces.”

This view did not immediately take hold in Europe, however, where the successive work of Gottfried Leibniz69Leibniz’s explicit amplification of Plato’s argument in the Phaedo above can be found in his Discourse on Metaphysics, among other locations. and Abraham Kästner defended Kepler’s ideas and prevented the Newtonian fallacies of absolute space, absolute time, mysterious forces and impenetrable matter from swindling a credulous population, despite the fact that a project to popularize Newton was launched by Voltaire in 1730, upon his return from England. As Newton’s contemporary John Flamsteed quickly realized after reading the first published edition of Newton’s Principia, for most practical astronomers Newton’s theory of gravitation remained exactly that: a theory, with little or no practical application otherwise. Its actual intent was the effect to which it was deployed in Europe by Voltaire: to promote the spread of the vicious anti-human pessimism of the Enlightenment. Newton’s world of unknowable causes and mechanical effects formed the perfect basis for the claims of the Enlightenment philosophers that Mind and morality were to be shunned as archaic notions.

It was not until after the death of Kästner, and with the work of Pierre-Simon Laplace, that the promoters of Newton were able to work up the audacity to finally claim victory for the Newtonian worldview. Laplace’s five volume Méchanique Céleste, which began to appear in 1799, consolidated and refined earlier attempts by both Euler and Lagrange to reduce celestial phenomena to the kind of soulless mechanical processes which the Newtonian worldview demanded.

Take for example, an excerpt from the beginning of his Méchanique Céleste V.I:

“A body appears to us to be in motion, when it changes its relative situation with respect to a system of bodies supposed to be at rest; but as all bodies, even those which appear in the most perfect repose, may be in motion; a space is conceived of, without bounds, immovable, and penetrable by the particles of matter; and we refer in our mind the position of bodies to the parts of this real, or ideal space, supposing the bodies to be in motion, when they correspond, in successive moments, to different parts of this space.

The nature of that singular modification, by means of which a body is transported from one place to another, is now, and always will be, unknown; it is denoted by the name Force. We can only ascertain its effects, and the laws of its action.”

Laplace follows this with several hundred pages of kinetically detailed calculations of these ‘forces.’ What else is there to investigate or discover in cosmology, or anything, when cause cannot be inquired of? This last statement of Laplace’s is the kernel of modern reductionist thinking.

Laplace presents two aspects of the same philosophy. First, that space just is. That is, processes and objects of the universe don’t compose space, rather they are in it, technically placing space outside the universe. Secondly, since objects are now floating in empty space, no action of one could possibly act on the whole, but can only act kinetically, like billiard balls, on each other. Thus, aside from these immediate interactions, the processes which govern lawful action or change in this imagined, dead and arbitrary space, if there is anything at all governing, cannot be known.

Far from some naive hypothesis, what Laplace presents here was an intentional fraud.

Laplace was the most extreme proponent of Newton’s reductionist worldview, insisting that all phenomena in the world were reducible to forces between particles of matter. His opposition to Kepler’s program was spelled out in the title of his Méchanique Céleste — Celestial Mechanics. The concept of intention, and thus Mind, was alien to this universe of Laplace. In his book, A Philosophical essay on Probabilities, Laplace sophistically attacks Leibniz’s notion of intention, or Final Cause.

Laplace’s view of causality requires that the cause for any effect be found only in the state which immediately precedes it, temporally. A universe which contains free will, however, is incompatible with such a domino-like causality. It requires, as in human activity, that the future be able to act efficiently back on the present, at the same time that action in the present is being taken to affect the future. This quality of time is an artifact of what we experience as intention.

Laplace then makes a brief, delphic attack on Leibniz by name, where he attempts to equate Leibniz’s principle of sufficient reason with Laplace’s own mechanistic causality, despite the fact that Leibniz himself associates his principle of sufficient reason with the top-down, final cause causality expressed in Plato’s Phaedo dialogue. Laplace then formulates in opposition to that notion of Final Cause, the argument which came to be known as Laplace’s Demon:

“We ought then to regard the present state of the universe as the effect of its anterior state and as the cause of the one which is to follow. Given for one instant an intelligence which could comprehend all the forces by which nature is animated and the respective situation of the beings who compose it -- an intelligence sufficiently vast to submit these data to analysis -- it would embrace in the same formula the movements of the greatest bodies of the universe and those of the lightest atom; for it, nothing would be uncertain and the future, as the past, would be present to its eyes.”

The importance of such an attack on final cause is difficult, if not impossible to overestimate. It forms the basis for all of the flaws inherent in modern cosmology. If all of your actions to be taken a moment from now are derivable (in fact, calculable, by Laplace’s “intelligence”) from the current state in which you find yourself, then the phenomenon you experience as your mind is simply an illusion. Your “free will” is only the mechanistic unfolding of pre-existing conditions. Similarly, Mind is banished as a force in the universe, as well.

For Kepler and Leibniz, however, like Vernadsky and his conception of the Noösphere later, Mind is an efficient force which pervades the physical universe. There is nothing mystical at all about this notion, any more than the recognition of human creative reason is mystical. It simply requires a different notion of time and causality than that espoused by Laplace’s simplistic Newtonian mechanism. And in fact, such a reworking of the notion of time is to be found in the works of Vernadsky, and later in the economic science of Lyndon LaRouche.70It is worth noting, that such a notion of physical time will tend to agree with the peculiar sorts of causality that seems to pervade so-called quantum phenomena. A reworking of the notion of time from Vernadsky’s standpoint will not only put cosmology back on its proper course, away from the misdirection effected by Laplace -- it also promises to clear away the train wreck known as “quantum mechanics,” and replace it with a new, more substantial physical science.

The contradictions inherent in the Newtonian-Laplacian ideology are easily avoided by returning to the fundamental concepts of the ideas of Johannes Kepler, which they were meant to overthrow. Looking at the interplanetary medium and its relationship to the singular events which occur within it should remind the reader of Kepler’s work on his Harmonice Mundi. Kepler described a universe which was not put together by the point-to-point interactions among isolated bodies. Rather, it was a system in which the necessary harmonic relations presaged the bodies themselves. These harmonics of Kepler were not the simple harmonics of vibrating strings or simple resonances71E.g., not the simple “harmonics” with Jupiter’s orbital period that are currently used to explain the Kirkwood gaps in the asteroid belt. For a pedagogical treatment of Kepler's Harmonices Mundi see http://wlym.com/~animations/harmonies/index.php., but were rather the types of creative structures we find associated with actual classical musical composition. Kepler saw Mind acting on this scale, and derived his laws of planetary motion explicitly from this principle.

The increasing recognition of the role of the interplanetary and interstellar medium in celestial phenomena puts Kepler’s program squarely back on the table. In looking for the role of musical harmonies in the Solar System, Kepler quickly realizes that they will not be discovered in solid matter, but rather in processes of motion and change. If we recognize that there is in fact no such thing as empty space, but a highly structured and dynamic plenum of electromagnetic and other phenomena, we can recognize celestial objects as simply singularities in this plenum. This might remind us of a living cell, whose organelles function only as singular expressions of the relatively invisible cytoplasm in which they exist.

Rotation curve for Triangulum galaxy M33: speed of stars measured
against their distances from the center of the galaxy. The observed
rotation curve for M33 is contrasted to that expected for any galaxy
according to current theories.

The existence of celestial structures which defy explanation by forces “in the small” is indicative of this kind of harmonic organization of a plenum in the large. In most cases these structures in the large are accounted for by invoking fictional forces, such as those of “dark” energy, or “dark” matter. One example of this is seen in the anomalous nature of what are referred to as the “rotation curves” of galaxies (see image). In our solar system, planets further away from the Sun travel more slowly. In a galaxy, the inverse seems to be true. The farther away from the center, the faster the stars and gas travel.

Simply put, the speed of rotation seen in the stars of many galaxies is too fast to be accounted for by the amount of matter that has been detected in the galaxies. The problem becomes worse, the further from the center of the galaxy we look, creating a remarkable discrepancy between what we observe on the one hand, and what we can explain on the other.

The only way to attempt to fit this huge discrepancy within the textbook laws of gravitation is with the invention of a new form of invisible matter, which does not interact with electromagnetic radiation (e.g. light) in any way, and as such is undetectable — the mystical “dark matter.” For many cases, in order to pull on each part of the galaxy in just the right way to get the equations to work, this dark matter would have to be distributed in a massive, but very specific spherical distribution well outside the bounds of the galaxy.

Instead of resorting to the creation of fictional new forces in attempting to save the absurd empty-space conception of the universe, we already have Kepler’s demonstration of a harmonically ordered universe, a concept that gains new depth once we include the work of Vladimir Vernadsky, as we will see in the body of this report.

Russian-Ukrainian biogeochemist Vladimir Vernadsky used the experimental work of Louis Pasteur to draw the conclusion that the spacetime characteristics of life are fundamentally distinct from the space and time of the mathematician or geometer. Such a concept of a malleable space and time is probably best known from the work of Albert Einstein, but Vernadsky’s application of such an idea to the field of life is instructive for the investigation of unique physical spacetimes of other processes, even at the cosmic level.

Immanuel Kant wrote on the problem of handedness, and concluded that left and right were fundamentally the same, except only for an arbitrary choice in choosing their names. Outside of that choice in naming, there would be no way to distinguish a priori, with geometry and without referring to other objects of reference,72That is, without comparing to something like the letters L and J or which side of your chest your heart is found. a left from a right hand. However, living processes disagree with the world of Immanuel Kant.

Top: Generic structure of an amino acid.
The left-handed form is predominant in life.
Bottom: Left and right quartz crystals.

Louis Pasteur showed the unique preference which a living organism has for either the left or right hand, or enantiomer, of a given chemical compound when the compound exists in such a handed form. The rotation of the plane of polarization in polarized light either to the left or right by an organic solution prompted Pasteur to investigate at what level this handedness existed.

For the organic compounds, it could not have been at the level of the larger crystal structure, since quartz crystals (a non-organic compound) will rotate the plane of polarization in their crystal form, but will not do so when dissolved, whereas the organic compounds do rotate the polarization in their dissolved form. This led Pasteur to hypothesize a unique molecular asymmetry of living matter, such as the right-handed character of naturally occurring tartaric acid. It is now known that with few exceptions, sugars used by living organisms are right-handed and amino acids are left-handed.73There are various conventions for defining “left” and “right” handedness for chemical compounds. Here, by left and right we refer to the L/D naming convention which compares the structure of a molecule to that of glyceraldhyde. This is not the same thing as dextro- and levorotation of polarized light.

Any variation has shown the opposite handedness to have a completely different physiological effect, as notable cases of medications show, such as dextromethorphan (Robotussin), the well-known cough suppressant, whose mirror-image levomethorphan, an opiate painkiller, will have no effect on your cough. The sense of smell also registers the difference between two enantiomers, caraway and spearmint being two among many examples, chemically identical except for their effect on our noses.

However, Kant’s original question remains: If, in Euclidean space, it is impossible to privilege left over right, what metric do organisms use to make such a radical distinction? If this a priori distinction does not in fact exist in Euclidean space, might it exist for some other geometry?

This problem coincides with yet another, which might at first seem distinct. Just as Euclidean space is incapable of distinguishing a priori between left and right, the simple linear time of Newton and Laplace is incapable of distinguishing between progress and regress. It was just this problem that drove Ludwig Boltzmann to his premature death by suicide. Life, however, seems to encounter no such problem in making this distinction. Space and time measurements, as we now know well from Einstein, are also fundamentally linked to one another. If the space of life has fundamentally unique properties, would not the temporal characteristics also require the same?

Here we see two cases of a biological redshift for chlorophyll pigments.
The top left shows the mean absorption wavelengths for chlorophyll a
in vivo (435, 675 nm), and the bottom left, in vitro (420, 660 nm).
On the right we have the same for chlorophyll b in vivo (480, 650
nm), and in vitro (453, 643 nm). Notice that the magnitude of the
shift is not the same. The same irregular shift (and occasionally, a
splitting of the mean wavelength) exists for other pigments.

These unique characteristics of the physical spacetime of life ought, however, to express themselves in other ways. In particular, we might expect that such variations in spacetime geometry ought to manifest in a distinct behavior of electromagnetic radiation, just as we see in special and general relativity, usually manifested on an astrophysical scale, but perhaps more intricate — a sort of biological redshift.74The unique characteristics of the physical spacetime of life, such as its handedness, were hypothesized by Vernadsky and Pasteur before him to have important implications for the study of spiral galaxies and the intrinsic structure of cosmic space. After their time, the case of redshift in a biological process, something generally only studied in cosmology, indicates how the study of biological space time which they pioneered can also inform astronomical investigations. The difficulty here would seem to be observing the spectral lines produced by a compound while it was still within a living process and then comparing those to the ones produced by the same compound while it was no longer part of a living process.75A living squirrel, placed in a Bunsen burner, unfortunately ceases to be a living squirrel. In fact, such an experiment can be carried out using the biological process of photosynthesis.

Within a given organism (in vivo), the responsiveness of a photosynthetic pigment like chlorophyll to specific types of light can be measured by observing its effects on the organism’s metabolism. The same pigment can then be measured outside of the organism (in vitro) by the usual methods. We observe that it is in fact the case that a given mean absorption wavelength of light of a photosynthetic pigment is shifted (and at times split) when inside versus outside of the organism. This is a shifting of the spectral lines more reminiscent of what we observe in what is now being attributed to a change in the fine structure constant (see box 6: Fine Structure, Constant?).

References:

1) L. Pasteur, “On the Asymmetry of Naturally Occurring Organic Compounds," The Foundations of Sterochemisty, (Am. Book Co., 1901)
2) Pierre Curie, Ouevres, and Pierre Curie, by Marie Curie.
3) Kant, “Concerning the ultimate ground of the differentiation of direction in space,“ 1768.
4) Uwe Meierhenric, “Minority Report: Life’s Chiral Molecules of Opposite Handedness“, Amino Acids and the Asymmetry of Life (Springer, 2008)
5) On Chirality and Odour Perception
6) Eugene Raboniwitch and Govinjee, Photosyntheis.

The constellation Orion, seen in visible light (left), and infrared (right).

The psychologist Wolfgang Köhler diagnosed the pervasive belief in Newtonian absolute space to be a mental illness which arises from an excessive belief in sense perception.80Kohler, Wolfgang The Place of Value in a World of Facts, Liveright Publishing Corporation, 1938. The limitations of our sense of vision cause us to tend to separate our visual field into “objects” and “background.” Our extended electromagnetic sensorium, however, shows us that what we refer to as background is nothing of the sort.

Seen above is the constellation Orion. On the left, it is viewed in the familiar visible spectrum. On the right, it is viewed through the Spitzer infrared space telescope.

It is worth noting that the image on the right gives us a slightly better idea of the nature of the environment through which humans will travel during our colonization of outer space. Also, given the level of activity of this invisible medium, as documented in this report, it is not inaccurate to liken this medium to the cytoplasm of a cell — while less obvious than the organelles, it is nonetheless more primary. We should take advice from the Scottish poet Robbie Burns, and learn to “see ourselves as others see us:” An observer standing on the Orion nebula, using their own version of the Spitzer infrared telescope, would not see the Earth floating through empty space. They would see us interacting with a lively medium which looked very much like the image on the right.

Alpha is the fine structure ‘constant.’ The top row gives the absorption
spectra of various elements as measured in the laboratory. Image
reproduced from “Are the Law of Nature Changing with Time?” John
Webb, Physics World, April 2003.

In addition to intrinsic redshift, there is another peculiar property of galaxies worth noting. A recent study of the absorption lines of distant galaxies yielded yet an additional shift, this one of an unusual character. Once the overall redshift from these objects is normalized, an irregular distribution becomes clear. That is, the amount of redshift of various spectral lines can not be completely attributable to a simple red- or blueshift (see image). The hypothesis of the investigators is that this might correspond to the irregular shifting of spectral lines associated with a change in the fine structure constant, a physical constant which is derived from a study of the interaction of electromagnetic radiation and matter at the atomic scale.

Since we have already discussed the existence of an intrinsic redshift effect as expressive of the stage of evolution of a galaxy, might this also be an intrinsic effect? It would be indicative of the physical spacetime which characterises these objects. As we’ve discussed above, Vernadsky’s work might give us other potential sources for such an irregular variation. In fact, it may be similar to the sort of irregular spectral shifting that we see with chlorophyll.

The flu has a curious — as yet unexplained — behavior pattern, although it is one to which we have become accustomed. Every year, it appears to circle the world, appearing and disappearing with the seasons. Upon every return, the virus has transformed itself enough that it is entirely unrecognizable to our immune systems. Therefore, although catching the flu or receiving a vaccination in one year is enough to keep you from catching it again that year, by the next year it has transformed so much that, as far as your body is concerned, it is quite a different illness.

This would imply a rapid rate of mutation during the epidemic season, since a virus can only mutate while being replicated, that is, during an infection. Investigations have revealed very little mutation during the epidemic period, however. This would suggest that the flu, if it is mutating, must be doing its mutating during its “off season.”

However, being seasonal, the off season for the flu is simply an epidemic season elsewhere in the world. As the Earth orbits the Sun, its inclination towards or away from the Sun changes on a yearly cycle, due to its slight tilt. This tilt causes what we experience as seasons. But when the Northern hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun (our summer, and therefore no flu) the Southern hemisphere is tilted away, experiencing its winter. And in fact, genetic analysis of successive flu outbreaks between the Southern and Northern hemisphere would seem to give an evolutionary cycle for the flu which appears to oscillate back and forth across the equator

In other respects, though, the flu does not behave as though it is a travelling virus.

First off, in order for a virus to travel, it requires either a host, a sick individual, or some sort of vector, such as an animal or insect. Today, we might expect that such a vector might be provided by air traffic across the equator. However, these epidemic patterns existed long before rapid transit of human beings. In fact, studies show that epidemic patterns for the flu have not changed in Great Britain for over four centuries.

Furthermore, a study of 25 successive flu epidemics in France and the United States, showed that not only was the onset of the flu simultaneous in the two very different populations, but the peak of the epidemic always occurred within a mean of four days of one another. This would imply that the entire life cycle of the flu, and not just its transmission, is governed by some sort of outside cue. It’s significant that none of this depends on running out of potential victims. As we know, not everybody who could catch the seasonal flu will catch it before it vanishes. It simply leaves when it’s time to leave, not because it ran out of things to do.

And finally, laboratory experiments have shown that it is actually incredibly difficult to intentionally infect healthy people with the flu, even when a combination of bronchial and nasal mucous from feverish, bedridden patients is directly sprayed into the nostrils, throats, and eyes of healthy individuals. (In this particular experiment, none of the healthy volunteers became ill.)

From this, we might conclude that the cyclical nature of the flu behaves as though it is ordered by a causal factor which lies entirely outside of the process itself, rather than by any point-to-point transmission, daisy-chain style, over long distances, nor dependent upon something which lies in the seasons themselves.

See (video) Pandemics and Solar Cycles http://www.larouchepac.com/node/18045

The left shows a (Gaussian) distrbution curve. If the
process is completely random, an increase in the
number of measurements would lead to a histogram
cumulatively approaching this curve. However, in
reality, as seen in the right, a real histogram shows
the results of 1200 consecutive measurements of the
decay rate of a sample of iron-55, each measurement
lasting 36 seconds. Successive samplings are shown in
different shades of grey. Notice on the right how the
peaks and troughs of the distribution become more
exaggerated as the data set gets larger (with each
layer representing 200 measurements) rather than
more smoothed out. The experiment was conducted in
Russia, February 18, 1982. Graphic reproduced from
figure 1 of Shnoll, et al., 1998.

Over the past few years an apparent interplay between the astrophysical and submicroscopic domains has been revealed in the relationship between nuclear decay rates and solar activity. Conventional physics dictates that the decay rates of radioactive elements are supposed to be an intrinsic property of the nucleus, not influenced by any outside factors. However, within the last four years, a series of studies have been published showing that the decay rates of samples of Radon-226 and Silicon-32 varied on a yearly cycle, corresponding with the changing Earth-Sun distance.76See J. H. Jenkins, et. al., 2008; Evidence for Correlations Between Nuclear Decay Rates and Earth-Sun Distance; http://arxiv.org/abs/0808.3283. A follow up study showed that singular solar outbursts also can have an effect, as the decay rate of a sample of Manganese-54 was shown to have dropped at the same time as a significant solar flare in 2006.77It is also interesting to note that when the flare occurred it was in the middle of the night for the lab which contained the Manganese samples, meaning that if the variation in decay rate was an effect of some form of solar radiation, then the radiation would have had to travel through the Earth to affect the lab on the night side of the Earth. See J. H. Jenkins and E. Fishbach, 2008; Perturbation of Nuclear Decay Rates During the Solar Flare of 13 December 2006; http://arxiv.org/abs/0808.3156.

Despite the fact that these studies are still being fiercely contested by ardent reductionists, it is not a real surprise. Indications of even more interesting extraterrestrial influences on radioactive decay have been demonstrated by experiments over the past half century.

Synchronous measurements of the radioactivity of two
separate samples of carbon 14, using two independent
measuring stations. Notice how similar they are to each
other, but how they differ from the image above.
Graphic reproduced from figure 9 of Shnoll, et al., 1998.
Synchronous measurements of the rate of beta decay of
a sample of carbon 14, and the reaction rate of vitamin
C with the chemical DCPIP. Graphic reproduced from
figure 10 of Shnoll, et al., 1998.

A team led by Russian researcher Simon Shnoll has published a series of studies based on over five decades of observation of the non-random fine-structure of decay rates and other processes.78This reference to Shnoll’s work on the “fine structure” of decay rates and other processes is not the same subject as the changes in the “fine structure constant,” which is discussed elsewhere in this report. Hopefully, no confusion arises from the similarity of the names chosen for these two subjects. For more on Shnoll’s work see, Shnoll et al. 1998, Realization of Discrete States during Fluctuations in Macroscopic Processes, (http://www.anr-institute.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/shnoll1998.pdf); and Russian Discovery Challenges Existence of ‘Absolute Time, by Tennenbaum, Summer 2000 21st Century (http://www.21stcenturysciencetech.com/articles/time.html).

(Video) Ross, A New Quantum Physics: Rejecting Zeus:
http://www.larouchepac.com/node/18081

Interview with Simon Shnoll on the Gordon Show (http://bit.ly/zNAK8j).
They were not measuring the long-term variation in decay rates over time as in the above study, but were instead examining the fine structure of fluctuations over scales of seconds or minutes. It was expected that there would only be random variations in the rate of activity, averaging to a random distribution curve. However, what they found was remarkable.

They did not get random distribution curves, but curves with specific peaks and troughs which would become more and more pronounced as the measurements went on (instead averaging out, as expected).

This non-random signature alone was interesting, but only the very beginning of the story. It was shown that these fine structures would change over time. However, when two independent samples where measured at the same time — despite the fact that they were independent samples, measured by independent instruments, and could even be in different cities — they showed extremely similar fine structures.

Still, this relationship goes even beyond separate samples of the same radioactive element, as different elements, even with different types of decay, show similar fine structures, when they are measured at the same time. Even completely different types of reactions, such as radioactive decay and biochemical reactions, will show similar fine structures when compared with each other if the reactions are occurring at the same time.

These remarkable results indicate the need for a revolution in our basic understanding of the context for physical, chemical, and biological reactions. Despite the vast difference in the types of activity, the energy levels involved, and the scales (from macromolecules to atoms), Shnoll shows an intimate connection between the fine structures of their activity.

Could this indicate an intimate connection with the entire galaxy as well?

The fine structures for these reactions change with time, and when Shnoll compared different fine structures separated by intervals with no physical significance, say 11.5 days for example, they showed no similarity. But when the intervals between measurements did have a physical significance, such as one day, one year, or 27 days (perhaps either relating to the rotation of the Sun, or the orbit of the Moon) then they again showed remarkably similar fine structures! This indicates the influence of these large astronomical cycles on activity in the small.

So what were supposed to be purely random fluctuations of the rate of atomic, chemical, and biological reactions (all seemingly distinct types of reactions), actually express a harmony with each other, and with astronomical cycles.

To add to this wonderful anomaly, the daily period in the fine structure was found not to be a perfect 24 hours (the period of the Earth’s rotation relative to the Sun), but ~23 hours and 56 minutes, a very precise match with the period of rotation of the Earth relative to the fixed stars — pointing to a relation outside of our solar system, and into our galactic environment.

Shnoll and some of this colleagues suggest that this indicates that time itself is heterogeneous, that each moment is different from another.79This heterogeneity of time is different from, but complementary to, what Vernadsky refers to as a “heterogeneity of spacetime.” Might we be seeing in the very small the expression of the physical spacetime of the entire galaxy, perhaps relating to what the redshift case implies?

Illustration of spectral lines.
Heuristic example of redshifts.
When an object that is emitting electromagnetic waves travels away
from an observer, the waves that reach the observer will have been
stretched out. The observer will thus sense light that is more red, than
an observer moving along with the object. If the object is moving
towards the observer, the waves will be compressed, and will be seen
by the observer to be more blue. This is called the Doppler Shift, after
the man who first described the effect.

When an element, say hydrogen, is heated, it will emit light. If that light is sent through a prism, we see that the element did not emit colors evenly through the entire spectrum. It instead sent out a set of specific colors which, taken together as a signature pattern, is called its emission spectrum. Like a characteristic finger print, each element has its own particular set of colors unique to it.81Also, if a continuous spectrum of light is shined through a cold gas, say hydrogen again, the gas will absorb the same particular set of colors characteristic of that element. Analyzing the affected light shows an absorption spectrum, as opposed to the emission spectrum.

Whenever we examine the emission spectrum of a given element on the Earth, we see the same set of colors. When we examine the emission spectrum of something like the Sun, we see an enormous mess of spectral lines. These lines can be untangled to reveal which elements exist in the solar atmosphere. In this way, the light from our Sun, and other astronomical bodies each give us their personal spectral fingerprints. However in viewing more distant bodies, such as other galaxies, we find familiar spectral line sequences get shifted towards the red end of the spectrum. What causes this phenomenon, called the redshift?

One thing we know is that a simple Doppler effect, due to a recessional motion between the emitting object and the observer, causes the light waves to be stretched.82This is how a radar gun operates.

Because the more distant objects have greater redshift, this would imply that the farther a galaxy is from us, the faster it must be moving away from us. The peculiar fabulist, Edwin Hubble, used this evidence to claim that all the matter in the universe was rapidly moving outward, from an initial event that others ridiculed with the name “big bang.” However, the red shift evidence also fit with an earlier mathematical derivation from Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, not relying on simple recessional arguments, which said that the spacetime of the universe, itself, was expanding. This expansion of space is claimed to stretch the light traveling through it, also causing a redshift effect. Thus the further the light traveled, the greater redshift it should have by this theory, regardless of how fast the actual light-emitting bodies were moving relative to each other.

Thus, according to this framework, redshift must always correlate with distance. Whenever there is an object observed with a very high redshift, then it must necessarily be very far away, such that the space through which its light traveled could be stretched enough to account for the redshift measured.83There can also be some additional motion of the observed galaxy, which is not due to the expansion of space, but to the motion of the galaxy through the space. This can add an additional Doppler shift to the cosmological redshift. This additional motion is referred to as the peculiar motion, and accounts for a minimal amount of the total redshift in objects with very high redshifts.

An fundamental corollary of this, is that there should never be two galaxies with dramatically different redshifts located physically near each other. However, contrary to all presently taught cosmology, this is exactly what we do see, as will be shown in the body of this report.

Footnotes

1Starting from his September 30, 2011 international webcast, and a subsequent series of writings, “Principle or Party?,” “The Fall of the British Empire: Obama’s Armageddon End-Game,” “What is Creativity, Actually?: The Real Human Mind,” “A World at Its Wits’ End: The End of the World’s Wars,” “Reflections on a Work by Nicholas of Cusa,” and, “To Keep a Promise: The Mystery in Your Time.”
2See the feature video, A Brief History of Lyndon LaRouche’s Strategic Defense Initiative, http://www.larouchepac.com/node/9196. Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., SDI Revisited: In Defense of Strategy, 21st Century Science & Technology, Summer 2000.
3This initiative was proposed in October by current Deputy Prime Minister for Defense Dmitry Rogozin, then Russian ambassador to NATO. See, As World War Threatens, Russia Proposes SDE, Executive Intelligence Review, November 25, 2011; http://bit.ly/yn6rql.
4The project has been presented several times at the United Nations, and as of the summer of 2011 was being headed up by former Roscosmos Chief Anatoly Perminov. Several nations, including China, Ukraine, Argentina, and Indonesia have expressed their interest in this project. On April 4th, 2011, Perminov stated: “At the moment, China and NASA are seriously considering joining this project. I don’t like to use the word ‘saving mankind’, but we do need such a system to warn us about potential such threats... Every time I talk to somebody and explain why we need such a system, everybody supports the idea.” See, Russians Propose Global Monitoring, Executive Intelligence Review, April 22, 2011, http://bit.ly/wWHUSw.
5See, Self-Developing Systems and Arctic Development: Economics for the Future of Mankind, by Sky Shields and Michelle Fuchs, http://www.larouchepac.com/node/20987.
6The single biggest obstacle in this respect is President Obama, who as acted as an outright agent of the imperial forces of Wall Street and London. Whereas the current slate of Republican Presidential candidates falls pathetically short of addressing this reality, the necessary solutions are being presented by a LaRouche PAC sponsored slate of federal candidates. For more, visit: http://larouchepac.com/campaigns
7The policy of halting economic progress has been the explicit intention of the British Empire, and is part of its genocidal depopulation agenda. For example see, “Behind London’s War Drive: A Policy To Kill Billions,” by Nancy Spannus, Executive Intelligence Review, Vol. 38, No. 45; available at: http://bit.ly/z0woR8.
8For example, the succession of wood burning, to coal, to oil, and then nuclear fission. Each of these steps expresses a qualitative leap in the ability of the human species to support its own existence.
9This must be accomplished with the perspective of matter-antimatter reactions already in mind as the next frontier.
10Beginning at the Cambrian explosion dated to approximately 540 million years ago.
11The initial hint of a periodicity in the fossil record was noticed in the 1980’s, and thought to be about 30 million years. In 2005 a reanalysis with improved dating scales indicated a strong periodicity of 62 million years, and a weaker but significant period of 143 million years. See Rohde & Muller, “Cycles in fossil diversity,” Nature, Vol. 434, 2005; and, John Sepkoski, “What I Did With My Research Career -- Or How Research on Biodiversity Yielded Data on Extinction,” found in the book, The Mass Extinction Debates: How Science Works in a Crisis, by William Glen; Stanford University Press, 1994.
12Martinson, Peter, “The Importance of NAWAPA for Geophysical Research” http://larouchepac.com/nawapa-geophysics
13= See “The Milky Way Galaxy’s Spiral Arms and Ice-Age Epochs and the Cosmic Ray Connection,” by Nir Shaviv at http://www.sciencebits.com/ice-ages and “The Spiral Structure of the Milky Way, Cosmic Rays, and Ice Age Epochs on Earth,” http://bit.ly/xD3OEA =
14Shaviv, “Cosmic ray diffusion from the galactic spiral arms, iron meteorites, and a possible climatic connection?“ Physical Review Letters, Vol. 89, 2002
15E.g. Bahcall & Bahcall, “The Sun’s motion perpendicular to the galactic plane,“ Nature vol. 316, 1985
16There is a general disagreement as to what exactly the second law of thermodynamics even states. In its original form, it was a quite reasonable observation by Sadi Carnot, made in the course of his work on heat engines, that heat never flows from a colder body to a warmer one. This observation falls well within the domain of provable, experimental physics. In the hands of Rudolph Clausius, however, it became an irresponsible monstrosity, extrapolated to phenomena whose essential nature had never even been probed scientifically. It became essentially a sort of apocalyptic religious belief, the adherence to which no doubt contributed to poor Ludwig Boltzmann’s choice of exit from this world.
17See Appendix 1 for a brief summary of redshift interpretation according to the standard cosmology.
18The work of decades of research into this redshift anomaly is presented clearly in two successive books by Arp, Quasars, Redshifts and Controversies, 1988, and Seeing Red, 1998. However we are obliged to note a distinction between his observational work, and his theories explaining the new questions posed by the observations. Here we will stick to his observational demonstration of the existence of this anomalous redshift phenomenon, and draw implications, where we can, from there. A fuller treatment of his theories would require another occasion. With that said, credit should be given to Arp’s commitment and continuity of work, despite decades of denial and attempted suppression by the academic institutions. By the early 1980’s he was forced to move to Germany to continue his work, as he was increasingly denied access to the telescope at his previous occupation at the Palomar Observatory, despite his having worked there for 27 years, and despite the fact that he was considered one of the world’s leading up-and-coming astronomers during his early career.
19The name quasar comes from “quasi-stellar radio source.” “Radio source” because the first quasars were discovered from their strong radio emissions, and “quasi-stellar” because they visually appeared as singular point sources of light (similar to how we see stars within our galaxy), instead of nebulous blobs (as other galaxies appear to us). Their dramatic redshifts indicated that they lay well outside of our own galaxy.
20The redshift values are indicated by the letter z, and are usually given in one of two forms, either in terms of a special scale ranging from 0.0 to extremely high values of 8+, or the measure of kilometers per second, which is generally used for lower redshifts (even though the object may not actually be moving at that speed this is still used as a convenient measure of the redshift value).
21Arp also identified other objects in the image which he thought would turn out to be more quasars. In 2004 they were investigated, and the four unmarked objects in the image above did turn out to be additional high redshift quasars. See, QSOs and Active Galactic Nuclei Associated with NGC 2639, E. M. Burbridge et. al., The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 153:159-163, 2004 July.
22The idea of galaxies ejecting any material should be seen as problematic for the doctrine of Second Law cosmology, as that doctrine describes the core as an incredibly dense region of matter which should be gravitationally pulling material in, not ejecting it out.
23Arp, in collaboration with Jayant Narlikar, developed a theory which attempts to explain the relation of redshift to a galaxy’s evolution. This present report is not intended to treat the specifics of their theory. Instead we will propose an approach which is methodologically fundamentally different than that taken by Arp and Narlikar. This new approach, as we will discuss in the following section, is grounded in a superior current of scientific thought, a current which has nearly disappeared from a modern science dominated by reductionism.
24There is also evidence that the values of the intrinsic redshift of galaxies sometimes tend to cluster around certain quantized values. This is not always the case, but there are numerous surveys of systems of galaxies in which certain values of intrinsic redshift are more common than other values.
26The Virgo Cluster is composed of somewhere between 1,000 to 2,000 galaxies. For more on this study see: Arp, Astrophysical Journal 430, 74, 1994.
25With additional studies and the development of better telescopes, more members of this group have been identified since the 1998 publishing of this study. These newly discovered members tend to be either smaller irregular galaxies or “dwarf galaxies,” and their redshifts are consistently higher than their parent, M81.
27Again, more member of our Local Group have been identified since 1998, and their redshifts confirm that M31 has the lowest intrinsic redshift of the group.
28In addition to the emissions from the stars there can be strong emissions from the galactic nucleus if it is active, as discussed briefly above.
29There are some small deviations, but mostly on account of the rotational motion of the galaxy and its stars. The galactic system has one intrinsic redshift.
30If we include the evidence that some galactic systems tend towards specific quantized values of redshift, then this adds another dimension to the question of how a galactic system organizes itself.
31The applicability of Riemann’s work to the work of Vernadsky would make the spacetime effects more reminiscent of the sorts of phenomena that occur with general relativity. This would only approximate the ramifications of Vernadsky’s later work, however, and a more thorough discussion will have to be undertaken in another location.
32See, The Problems of Biogeochemistry I and II, and The States of Space, available from 21st Century Science and Technology magazine: Winter 2000: http://bit.ly/wrL86T, Winter 2005: http://bit.ly/AxeuMd, Winter 2007: http://bit.ly/zYLPZY .
33Though, if we take into account the great distance to the Crab Nebula – probably several thousand light years – the time of its actual birth, as opposed to the time its effects reached Earth, might actually coincide more closely with the time of the flooding of the Black Sea, about 5,600 B.C. On this scale, however, time and simultaneity become rather tricky things, as we know.
34“The Crab has played a leading role in so many aspects of astrophysics that it was often said (at least by astronomers studying this object) that there are two branches of the field [of astrophysics] – studies that dealt with the Crab, and all the rest.” - The Sky at Einstein’s Feet by William C. Keel
35NASA’s December 27th, 2001 Picture of the Day animates this change, see: http://1.usa.gov/x5HqHf.
36This would not make the Crab alone in this respect. It has been proposed that the peculiar character of our own Sun might be similar. The hottest region of the Sun is the solar corona, farthest from the Sun’s center. As far as we can tell from our vantage point, the coolest regions of the Sun are within the sunspots -- the closest we can yet observe to the Sun’s center. This would imply a heating that moves from the outside in, rather than from the inside out. The current hypotheses about the centers of bodies such as the Sun and our Earth are just that, hypotheses. We have literally not even scratched the surface of any of these objects, including Earth. It is only Aristotelian prejudice that causes us to place the cause for their electromagnetic activities within the isolated bodies themselves, when so much evidence points to the primacy of their interaction and the medium which unites them. (See box 5: Empty Space?)
37Soon after the March 11 Japan earthquake, in April 2011, President Obama went on record as being worse than indifferent to the science of weather forecasting: “There are some things that we can’t control. We can’t control earthquakes; we can’t control tsunamis; we can’t control uprisings on the other side of the world. What we can control is our capacity to have a reasoned, fair conversation between the parties...” He made similar statements to the victims of the Joplin tornado in May 2011: “We do not have the capacity to answer. We can’t know when a terrible storm will strike, or where, or the severity of the devastation that it may cause. We can’t know why we’re tested with the loss of a loved one, or the loss of a home where we’ve lived a lifetime. These things are beyond our power to control...“ Under the Obama Administration, new earth monitoring satellites critical for weather and natural hazard forecasting have been eliminated or delayed due to budget cuts to NASA and NOAA (National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration).
38This is the immediate strategic intention of the British Empire, as the Queen’s Royal Consort, Prince Phillip, for example, has openly expressed such intentions to “cull” the vast majority of the human population. President Obama’s acceptance of this policy of literal global genocide provides the grounds, and moral necessity, for his immediate removal from office. His intended healthcare “reform” has been drafted from exactly this same intention.
39It may not be a coincidence, that both of these large flares occurred only a few days before two of the most deadly earthquakes of the year, the magnitude 6.3 in Christchurch, New Zealand, and the magnitude 9.0 in Japan.
40A coronal mass ejection, or CME, is an explosive ejection of a chunk of the Sun’s atmosphere (corona).
41See Laurence Hecht, “The Solar Storm Threat to America’s Power Grid,” 21st Century Science & Technology, http://bit.ly/zoJTZh. In 2008, a report was published from a National Research Council workshop (under the National Academy of Sciences), http://bit.ly/yNhP56. In January 2010, the Metatech Corporation issued a report (commissioned under the 2006 Executive Order 13407), “Geomagnetic Storms and Their Impacts on the U.S. Power Grid.“ In June 2010, a joint report was released by the North American Electric Reliability Corporation and the Department of Energy, “High-Impact, Low-Frequency Event Risk to the North American Bulk Power System.“ These have detailed some of the “knowns and unknowns“ of the threats from intense solar activity.
42It is widely acknowledged that the single largest source of uncertainty in climate models is the behavior of clouds, whose formation appears to be governed by various electrodynamic processes in the atmosphere, through which diffuse electrical currents constantly flow. This has been rather simplistically termed the “Global Electric Circuit,” which actually refers to a set of processes representing the combined interaction of terrestrial (lithosphere and biosphere), solar, and galactic influences. See, for example, Carslaw, Harrison, and Kirkby, “Cosmic Rays, Clouds, and Climate,” Science 29 November 2002: Vol. 298 no. 5599 pp. 1732-1737
43Bondur and Pulinets, “The Role of Galactic Cosmic Rays in Tropical Cyclogenesis: Evidence of Hurricane Katrina,” Doklady Earth Sciences, 2008 Vol. 422, No.2, p.244-249
44Jasper Kirkby et al, “Role of sulphuric acid, ammonia, and galactic cosmic rays in atmospheric aerosol nucleation,” Science, 2011.
45This technique has been pioneered by Russian scientist Lev Pokhmelnykh. See, for example, this article by one-time collaborator Sergey Pulinets: http://bit.ly/xvNkTT. On recent experimental work on laser-induced condensation by Jerome Kasparian et al, see: http://bit.ly/yqdcq8.
46See (Video) NAWAPA and Biospheric Engineering http://www.larouchepac.com/node/16500, and other detailed material on the project at http://larouchepac.com/infrastructure.
47S. Pulinets, D. Ouzounov, “Lithosphere–Atmosphere–Ionosphere Coupling (LAIC) model – An unified concept for earthquake precursors validation” Journal of Asian Earth Sciences Volume 41, Issues 4–5, 5 June 2011, Pages 371–382.
48The proposed Russia-U.K. collaborative project TwinSat is intended to be such a dedicated set of microsatellites searching for earthquake precursors, and has been proposed to be subsumed in the broader international IGMASS collaboration. The two satellites are planned to contain instrumentation to measure such electromagnetic effects in the ionosphere as have been observed to be related to earthquakes and other seismic phenomena. Separately, the Chinese plan to launch a pair of dedicated earthquake precursor monitoring satellites starting in 2014, as part of a broader program of ground- and satellite-based precursor monitoring. The U.S. DESDynI (Deformation, Ecosystem Structure & Dynamics of Ice) natural hazard monitoring satellite was cut by the Obama Administration in 2011.
49And, also, the possibility of acting directly on the seismogenic process. Beginning in the 1970s and 80s, Soviet Academician E.P. Velikhov pioneered the experimental use of magnetohydrodynamic pulses (MHD) to induce electrical currents in the crust down to depths of tens of kilometers, which reportedly is capable of inducing small earthquakes. Such work could shed further light on the still poorly understood electrodynamic processes in the earth’s crust. See Novikov et al., “Discharge of Tectonic Stresses in the Earth Crust by High-power Electric Pulses for Earthquake Hazard Mitigation,” 2nd International Conference on Urban Disaster Reduction, 2007. http://bit.ly/x632io.
50The solar cycle is measured by the approximately 11 year cycle of increase and decrease of the number of sunspots seen on the surface of the sun, though the exact length of the cycle can vary. The cause of this cycle, and causes of the variations in the cycle, are not completely known.
51“Large” refers to magnitude 4.0 and above, and shallow earthquakes have epicenters of 100 km or less. See, Possible Correlation between Solar Activity and Global Seismicity, by Jusoh Mohamad Huzaimy and Kiyohumi Yumoto; proceeding of the 2011 IEEE International conference on space science and communication (IconSpace) 12-13 July 2011, Penang, Malaysia.
52The argument is often made from the standpoint of thermodynamics that solar phenomena such as flares do not contain enough energy equal to that released in a seismic event here on Earth. This reasoning against a cause and effect relation between the two does not hold, however. A pointed stick may not contain the same energy as the difference between a sleeping bear and an angry bear, but it is nonetheless capable of bringing such a change about.
53This study was lead up by a world expert on lunar seismic activity, Dr. Yosio Nakamura, sometimes referred to as Mr. Moonquake, out of the University of Texas at Austin. While the data set of 28 moonquakes is admittedly small, the evidence is too provocative to ignore. See Possible Extra-Solary-System cause for Certain Lunar Seismic Events, by Yosio Nakamura and Cliff Frohlich; Lunar and Planetary Sciences XXXVII (2006).
54At the very dawn of viral studies, it was recognized already that viruses were sensitive to certain types of radiation. The example of UV radiation and lambda phage was elaborated by S.E. Luria, as in his “Radiation and Viruses” (1955). The work done by Alexander Gurwitsch on mitogenetic radiation, a unique kind of UV radiation produced by life, may enable the determination of even more precise effects.
55Yu, Z. D., ‘Using the Information of Cosmic Rays to Predict Influenza Epidemics’. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center 19th Intern. Cosmic Ray Conf., Vol. 5 p 525-528 (SEE N85-34991 23-93) 1985
56Villareal, L., “Can viruses make us human?” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society vol. 148, no. 3, September 2004 and Ryan, F., Virolution, Collins, 2009. Also see LPAC’s recent video reviewing a case study of viruses and evolution: Strategic Defense of Earth: What You Didn’t Know About Viruses Episodes I and II http://larouchepac.com/node/20820 and http://larouchepac.com/node/21089
57Sharon, I., et al., Photosystem I gene cassettes are present in marine virus genomes, Nature 461, 258-262 (10 September 2009)
58Rohwer, F., Viruses manipulate the marine environment, Nature 459, 207-212 (14 May 2009)
59Freeman, Marsha. Krafft Ehricke’s Extraterrestrial Imperative, Apogee, 2009
60As a rough approximation, consider that the combustion of 13 tons (about the weight of a large school bus) of liquid hydrogen and oxygen, a commonly used rocket fuel, releases an equivalent amount of energy as 0.5 grams (the weight of a single Tylenol pill) of deuterium in a conventional deuterium-deuterium fusion reaction. A more complete appraisal of the relative difference in energy-flux density would have to take into account the qualitative changes that come with the mastery of an entirely new set of physical principles--a concept foreign to President Obama, as shown in remarks he made in September 2010: “We wouldn’t need new technologies. We wouldn’t need to invent some fancy new fusion energy or anything. If we just took our existing building stock in homes and insulated them, had new windows... we could squeeze huge efficiencies out of that.“
61Video: From Moon to Mars-The New Economics I (http://www.larouchepac.com/node/11573)
62Contrast these prospects to President Obama’s remarks justifying his cancellation of NASA’s Moon-Mars Constellation Program: “I understand that some believe we should attempt a return to the surface of the Moon first, as previously planned... But I just have to say pretty bluntly here: We’ve been there before.“ April 2010.
63The lunar landing itself was the fruit of a vision that pre-dated the Cold War, promoted by a small group of German space enthusiasts, which included Krafft Ehricke and Werner von Braun, the father of the Saturn V Moon rocket. Von Braun’s 1960s design for the Apollo program saw the lunar landings as mere prelude to a manned Mars landing by 1984, a plausibility at the time, given President Kennedy’s early support for the nuclear rocket program (which was terminated in the early 1970s).
64Given the the dependence of terrestrial life on the geomagnetic field for both radiation protection as well as regulation of such functions as circadian rhythms, we must ask: might we need to create an artificial magnetic field on Mars? See, for example, Oyang Teng, “Onward to Mars: The Triumph of the Weak Forces,” LaRouchePAC, 2010. http://www.larouchepac.com/node/14423.
65If our own solar environment is still largely enigmatic, interstellar space is even more of a mystery. Voyagers 1 and 2 are the furthest objects sent out from Earth, launched in 1977 to study the outer planets and now sailing through the outer reaches of the heliosphere. They will be the first human objects to directly sample interstellar space, some 40 years after their departure from Earth.
66See The Biosphere, and his trilogy of essays, The Problems of Biogeochemistry I and II, and The States of Space. The Biosphere (Complete Annotated Edition), Far West Institute, 1998. 21st Century Science and Technology, Winter 2000: http://bit.ly/wrL86T, Winter 2005: http://bit.ly/AxeuMd, Winter 2007: http://bit.ly/zYLPZY.
67A classic example is the case of life’s creation of a free oxygen atmosphere, a high state of disequilibrium, which would disappear in a geological instant if life were to stop acting. For more on the Basement team’s study of the history of life, see the video reports on the LPAC Evolution webpage: http://www.larouchepac.com/evolution
68This difference between final and efficient causes is best illustrated by Plato’s Socarates in his Phaedo dialogue, where he discusses Mind as cause (final cause) in contrast to the bones and muscle (efficient cause of the Laplacian sort): “I found [Anaxagorus] altogether forsaking Mind or any other principle of order, but having recourse to air, and ether, and water, and other eccentricities. I might compare him to a person who began by maintaining generally that Mind is the cause of the actions of Socrates, but who, when he endeavored to explain the causes of my several actions in detail, went on to show that I sit here because my body is made up of bones and muscles; and the bones, as he would say, are hard and have ligaments which divide them, and the muscles are elastic, and they cover the bones . . . and as the bones are lifted at their joints by the contraction or relaxation of the muscles, I am able to bend my limbs, and this is why I am sitting here in a curved posture: that is what he would say, and he would have a similar explanation of my talking to you, which he would attribute to sound, and air, and hearing, and he would assign ten thousand other causes of the same sort, forgetting to mention the true cause, which is that the Athenians have thought fit to condemn me, and accordingly I have thought it better and more right to remain here and undergo my sentence... There is surely a strange confusion of causes and conditions in all this. It may be said, indeed, that without bones and muscles and the other parts of the body I cannot execute my purposes. But to say that I do as I do because of them, and that this is the way in which mind acts, and not from the choice of the best, is a very careless and idle mode of speaking. I wonder that they cannot distinguish the cause from the condition, which the many, feeling about in the dark, are always mistaking and misnaming.”
69Leibniz’s explicit amplification of Plato’s argument in the Phaedo above can be found in his Discourse on Metaphysics, among other locations.
70It is worth noting, that such a notion of physical time will tend to agree with the peculiar sorts of causality that seems to pervade so-called quantum phenomena. A reworking of the notion of time from Vernadsky’s standpoint will not only put cosmology back on its proper course, away from the misdirection effected by Laplace -- it also promises to clear away the train wreck known as “quantum mechanics,” and replace it with a new, more substantial physical science.
71E.g., not the simple “harmonics” with Jupiter’s orbital period that are currently used to explain the Kirkwood gaps in the asteroid belt. For a pedagogical treatment of Kepler's Harmonices Mundi see http://wlym.com/~animations/harmonies/index.php.
72That is, without comparing to something like the letters L and J or which side of your chest your heart is found.
73There are various conventions for defining “left” and “right” handedness for chemical compounds. Here, by left and right we refer to the L/D naming convention which compares the structure of a molecule to that of glyceraldhyde. This is not the same thing as dextro- and levorotation of polarized light.
74The unique characteristics of the physical spacetime of life, such as its handedness, were hypothesized by Vernadsky and Pasteur before him to have important implications for the study of spiral galaxies and the intrinsic structure of cosmic space. After their time, the case of redshift in a biological process, something generally only studied in cosmology, indicates how the study of biological space time which they pioneered can also inform astronomical investigations.
75A living squirrel, placed in a Bunsen burner, unfortunately ceases to be a living squirrel.
80Kohler, Wolfgang The Place of Value in a World of Facts, Liveright Publishing Corporation, 1938.
76See J. H. Jenkins, et. al., 2008; Evidence for Correlations Between Nuclear Decay Rates and Earth-Sun Distance; http://arxiv.org/abs/0808.3283.
77It is also interesting to note that when the flare occurred it was in the middle of the night for the lab which contained the Manganese samples, meaning that if the variation in decay rate was an effect of some form of solar radiation, then the radiation would have had to travel through the Earth to affect the lab on the night side of the Earth. See J. H. Jenkins and E. Fishbach, 2008; Perturbation of Nuclear Decay Rates During the Solar Flare of 13 December 2006; http://arxiv.org/abs/0808.3156.
78This reference to Shnoll’s work on the “fine structure” of decay rates and other processes is not the same subject as the changes in the “fine structure constant,” which is discussed elsewhere in this report. Hopefully, no confusion arises from the similarity of the names chosen for these two subjects. For more on Shnoll’s work see, Shnoll et al. 1998, Realization of Discrete States during Fluctuations in Macroscopic Processes, (http://www.anr-institute.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/shnoll1998.pdf); and Russian Discovery Challenges Existence of ‘Absolute Time, by Tennenbaum, Summer 2000 21st Century (http://www.21stcenturysciencetech.com/articles/time.html).
(Video) Ross, A New Quantum Physics: Rejecting Zeus: http://www.larouchepac.com/node/18081
Interview with Simon Shnoll on the Gordon Show (http://bit.ly/zNAK8j).
79This heterogeneity of time is different from, but complementary to, what Vernadsky refers to as a “heterogeneity of spacetime.”
81Also, if a continuous spectrum of light is shined through a cold gas, say hydrogen again, the gas will absorb the same particular set of colors characteristic of that element. Analyzing the affected light shows an absorption spectrum, as opposed to the emission spectrum.
82This is how a radar gun operates.
83There can also be some additional motion of the observed galaxy, which is not due to the expansion of space, but to the motion of the galaxy through the space. This can add an additional Doppler shift to the cosmological redshift. This additional motion is referred to as the peculiar motion, and accounts for a minimal amount of the total redshift in objects with very high redshifts.


What Russia's Warning Means
January 12th, 2012 • 3:38pm •

Statement

"There is a real danger of a US military strike on Iran," said Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev today in an interview with "Kommersant" newspaper reported by Agence France-Presse and elsewhere. "This means war, thermonuclear war," said US economist Lyndon LaRouche in response. "The intention of Britain and the British-controlled United States, is to get a thermonuclear war, by launching a thermonuclear attack on Russia and China. That's what these damn fools are playing with."

"There is a likelihood of escalation of the conflict, and Israel is pushing the Americans towards it," Patrushev said. "That's true," LaRouche responded, "and we know what that means. It means London."

"They use both economic embargo and massive help to the opposition forces," Patrushev said, adding that "for years we have been hearing that the Iranians are going to create an atomic bomb practically next week, (but) still nobody has proven the existence of a military component of Iran's nuclear program."

On the Syrian front, Patrushev said that "there is information that NATO members and some Arab states of the Persian Gulf, acting in line with the scenario seen in Libya, intend to turn the current interference with Syrian affairs into a direct military intervention."

"The danger," LaRouche concluded, "is the recklessness of the British control of the United States through its President. That's the danger to humanity as a whole."

Related Updates

 
 
 
 
 
January 16th, 2012 • 4:12 PM •

LaRouche Report

 
Top Russian Spokesmen Issues Warning: An Attack on Iran Threatens Our Security
January 14, 2012 • 10:51AM

In a somewhat extraordinary turn of events, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitri Rogozin, formerly Russian ambassador to NATO, returned to Brussels today, in order to give his final press conference at NATO headquarters. The tone and content follow upon the warnings issued by Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev Jan. 12.

Rogozin's message, reported by Interfax and posted on the United Russia web site, is provided here in EIR's translation. Asked about Iran, he said:

"For the Americans, that is very far away, on completely the opposite side of the Earth, the planet, the globe. But for us, it is just south of our Caucasus. And therefore if something happens with Iran, if it becomes involved in some kind of military action, then this is a direct threat to our security."

He said that Russia, as a "responsible" power, shares the interests of the USA and others in non-proliferation of WMD.

"Furthermore, as the deputy chairman of our government responsible for the nuclear industry, for Rosatom, I can tell you in no uncertain terms that we will conduct a very tough policy, designed to prevent countries, while we are helping them to develop modern sources of energy, from acquiring technologies for using the atom for military purposes. That is not going to happen. I assure you of that." Saying that monitoring of the export process is being tightened up, he added, "We shall strictly fulfill our international obligations in this area."

At the same time, Rogozin added, it is the right of every country "to have everything they need, to feel comfortable and secure. Iran has this type of right, as well. Therefore we would like to say to all the participants in this agitated game around Iran: 'Calm down. Tone down your discussions and public statements. Bear in mind that every public statement has material consequences.' ... We hope that the current crisis around Iran will be cooled out jointly by us all. If tension continues to grow around Iran, and then multiply that by the situation in Syria, the aftermath of the civil war in Libya, and the oncoming 'Arab summer' in North Africa, nobody's going to say that's something insignificant. So we repeat, 'Take a drink of cold mineral water and calm down.'"

Rogozin's concerns on sanctions were underscored in a statement made in Moscow today as well, by Deputy Foreign Minister Gennady Gatilov, who identified the sanctions policy, presented by many in the West as an alternative to war, as a war policy. He said (in EIR's translation):

"Additional sanctions against Iran, or a possible military strike against the Islamic Republic of Iran, will unquestionably be perceived by the international community as pursuing the goal of 'regime change' in Tehran."

He was also asked about Susan Rice's statement that a new draft UNSC resolution on Syria is awaited from Russia, and he again answered in terms of regime change:

"Unfortunately, the West's approach is fundamentally different from ours and, judging by the proposed amendments, essentially has the goal of unseating the B. Assad regime in Damascus."

 

British Empire All But Admits Killing Iranian Scientists; Sets Up U.S.A. as Target
January 17, 2012 • 8:35AM

Sir Rupert Murdoch's Sunday Times of London published a British Empire declaration of war against Iran, using its puppet state, Israel, as the cover to claim credit for the Jan. 11th killing of Iranian nuclear scientist Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan and the other nuclear scientists, going back to the first such assassination in January 2010. The gloating article is called "The World Inside Mossad's War on Tehran," and it describes a minute by minute account of the surveillance of Roshan, and how the attacks are planned and carried out in the "heart of Tehran" by Israeli agents, who can strike at any time.

"For Israel it was a classic assassination mission. 'What is seen in espionage films as a simple operation is a result of hard work, many months of intelligence gathering and a well-trained team,' said a source who released details, impossible to verify, to The Sunday Times.

That said, the Sunday Times has now officially announced that Israel is carrying out a covert war, so they raise the question, "the worry is, how will Iran respond?"

The Times writes:

"Since its foundation in 1948, Israel has used assassination as a national weapon, striking targets abroad ranging from Palestinians who killed Israeli athletes at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, to enemies on the streets of Amman and a Hamas leader in a Dubai hotel room in 2010," writes the Times.

"Now Iran is the target. In the past two years assassins have attacked five scientists in the state nuclear program, killing four of them. Mossad, the Israeli external intelligence agency, is widely believed to be responsible....

"There has also been a series of mysterious explosions. Last November a blast hit a military base used by the Revolutionary Guards, killing General Hassan Tehrani Moghaddam, head of Iran's ballistic missile program."

The British game is play up the Israeli role—which is actually orchestrated by the British "mother"—knowing that if Iran can be provoked into counter-attacking, it will be against the United States, and U.S.-strategic assets.

At the same time, the Brits have inserted themselves, through their puppet Obama, deep into the policy and decision-making process about war against Iran and Syria. In May 2011, just after the Navy Seals assassination of Osama Bin Laden in Pakistan, Obama made a trip to London where he set up the U.S.-U.K. Joint Strategy Board, which is an integration of the U.S. National Security Council and the corresponding British council. Then, two weeks ago, British Defense Secretary Philip Hammond made his first trip to the U.S. and signed, with Defense Secretary Leon Panetta a statement of intent on aircraft carrier cooperation, where British pilots will be eventually flying off from U.S. aircraft carriers since the British Empire eliminated its carriers long ago, due to austerity.

 

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News Events Have Already Lined Up With 17 Predictions From This Book

featured section image
 
 

About the Author

For several years Dr. Robert Thiel is an award-winning researcher, biblical scholar and one of the world's foremost authorities on end time prophecies. He has studied philosophy, religion, science, and prophecy throughout his career, while actually visiting countless ancient sites in Central America, Asia Minor, Rome, and Greece.

Dr. Thiel is a much in demand radio guest nationwide, and is Examiner.com's Los Angeles religious history and prophecy correspondent. His articles on prophecy, religion and science have appeared in several dozen magazines, newspapers, trade publications and scientific journals, nationally and around the world. And his videocasts are seen weekly on Youtube; to the thousands of visitors to his blog site, www.cogwriter.com, he is also known as "Cogwriter."

Author's media mentions


MSNBC

Ripley

Reviews

Dr. Bob Thiel has published scores of articles and received numerous awards for his research. His latest book 2012: and the Rise of the Secret Sect is an astonishing revelation of ancient prophecies and their relevance today. It was TERRIFIC reading the book. It's the BEST I've seen on 2012. Dr. Thiel REALLY does his research. Also, the photos in the book his wife took are exquisite.
– Radio Talk Show Host Erskine of Erskine Overnight

"2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect is an amazing book. Dr. Thiel is to be commended for being able to show how biblical End-Time prophecies relate to non-biblical predictions of End-Time events."
– Dr. Gary Greig, Gospel Light

"This book is great. It actually has been life-changing for me."
– Maria Neida Garza, Educator

"Dr. Thiel’s captivating compendium of end time prophecy from Protestant, Catholic, Hindu, and other sources provide an insightful look into the final chapter in the age of human kind. Thiel shows how such prophecies coalesce into a single moment in history-the end of days. This is a valuable source for all interested in the future."
– Michael P. Germano, Ed.D., J.D. Editor, Bibarch.com

 
2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect is available online as an ebook:

2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect (English)
2012 y el surgimiento de la secta secreta (Spanish)
2012 und das Auftreten der geheimen Sekte (German) World Events Line Up With at Least 20 Predictions Made in the Book:
2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect

The book2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect went to press in late July 2009 and was released in September 2009. Since being finished, many world events have been reported that align themselves with predictions the book contains.

1. 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect teaches that the U.S. dollar will ultimately be worthless with another currency (with European involvement and/or control) taking its place in the world (see Chapters 7-8 and Appendix B).

The Wall Street Journal reported that on September 7, 2009 a committee of the United Nations advised dropping the U.S. dollar as the world's reserve currency (Goldstein S. U.N. Panel Calls For Dollar Reserve Role To Be Eliminated. Wall Street Journal Online, September 8, 2009. http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20090908-704507.html). While there had been scattered discussions of this before, this was the first time such an important multi-national panel specifically called for the elimination of the role of the U.S. dollar as the world’s reserve currency.

“Gulf Arabs are planning—along with China, Russia, Japan and France—to end dollar dealings for oil, moving instead to a basket of currencies including the Japanese yen and Chinese yuan, the euro, gold and a new, unified currency… The current deadline for the currency transition is 2018” (Fisk R. The demise of the dollar. The Independent, 6 October 2009 http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/the-demise-of-the-dollar-1798175.html; see also (Evans-Pritchard A. Gulf petro-powers to launch currency in latest threat to dollar hegemony. Telegraph, December 16, 2009. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/economics/6819136/Gulf-petro-powers-to-launch-currency-in-latest-threat-to-dollar-hegemony.html).

The United Nations made a stronger recommendation to drop the dollar as the primary basis of the world trade in June 2010 (Charbonneau L. Scrap dollar as sole reserve currency: U.N. report. Reuters, June 29, 2010. http://www.reuters
.com/article/idUSTRE65S40620100629?feedType=RSS&feedName=topNews
).
In October 2010, Simon Derrick at Bank of New York Mellon said, “The euro is the only real alternative to the dollar as a reserve currency” (Graham P, Oliver C. Currency race that everyone is trying to lose. Financial Times, October 12, 2010. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/9cd196e8-d62d-11df-81f0-00144feabdc0.html). The French President declared that the world powers need to implement a new international monetary system (Mitchell A. UPDATE: Sarkozy Urges New Monetary System After China Talks. Wall Street Journal, November 5, 2010. http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20101105-715584.html).
In November 2010, Russia and China announced that they were dropping the use of the US dollar for bilateral trade (Qiang S and Xiaokun L. China, Russia quit dollar. China News, November 24, 2010. http://www.chinadaily.
com.cn/china/2010-11/24/content_11599087.htm
). Even the Washington Post is realizing, “The days of the U.S. dollar as the world's reserve currency are numbered” (Kaplan R. A world with no one in charge. Washington Post, December 5, 2010. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/12/03/AR2010120306537.html). Forbes reported that “central banks around the world” are “dumping the greenback” as “The US dollar’s role as the world’s reserve currency has been called into question” (Central Banks Dump Treasuries As Dollar’s Reserve Currency Status Fades. Forbes, March 16, 2011. http://blogs.forbes.com/afontevecchia/2011/03/16/central-banks-dump-treasuries-as-dollars-reserve-currency-status-fades/).
In May 2011, “Chuck Butler, president of EverBank World Markets and a 35-year currency analyst”stated: “The U.S. dollar will lose its reserve currency status sometime between 2014 and 2020. There will be no trumpet; it will just happen” (Clark J. If the Dollar Goes, What Happens to Your Portfolio? Casey Research, June 21, 2011. http://www.caseyresearch.com/editorial.php?page=articles/if-dollar-goes-what-happens-your-portfolio&ppref=CRX409ED0611D). In August 2011, China renewed its call for “a new, stable, and secured global reserve currency” (Wu L, Browne AA, China Takes Aim at U.S. ‘Debt Addiction”. Wall Street Journal, August 8, 2011, p. A7). Events are lining up for the U.S. dollar to dropped.
2. 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect explains that the Vatican will continue to expand its ecumenical policies and compromise in order to ultimately lure most of the Protestants and Orthodox into unity with the Church of Rome (Chapter 3 & 10).

On October 20, 2009, CNN reported that the Vatican announced that it would allow Anglicans (and American
Episcopalians) to become part of the Church of Rome without having to change much of their practices and rituals (Messia H. and Hanna J. Vatican welcomes Anglicans into Catholic Church. CNN, October 20, 2009. http://edition.
cnn.com/2009/WORLD/europe/10/20/vatican.anglican.church/
). It amended its constitution to do so.

Yet, Pope Leo XIII declared in 1896, “ordinations carried out according to the Anglican rite have been, and are, absolutely null and utterly void” (Pope Leo XIII: On the Nullity of Anglican Orders, Apostolicae Curae, 1896. Modern History Sourcebook. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1896leo13-apost.html)—which means with the Vatican now accepting those baptized, etc. by Anglican priests as Roman Catholic—this shows that compromise has occurred. On November 9, 2009, an Episcopal cleric explained how this would work and clearly stated that this allows for “the faculty to celebrate the Holy Eucharist and the other Sacraments ... according to the liturgical books proper to the Anglican tradition” (Franklin. B. Vatican's Apostolic Constitution explained. Episcopal Life Online, November 9, 2009. http://www.episcopal-life.org/80050_116538_ENG_HTM.htm). On April 27, 2010 it was reported that a top Vatican official admitted that changing the celibacy requirements for the priesthood was something it could look at (Donovan J. Vatican’s No. 2 Says Celibacy Not ‘Untouchable,’ TV3 Reports. Bloomberg - April 27, 2010. http://www.
businessweek.com/news/2010-04-27/vatican-s-no-2-says-celibacy-not-untouchable-tv3-reports.html
).

On July 1, 2010, Kurt Koch was announced as president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity. His announcement was praised by the Russian Orthodox (Russian Orthodox Church welcomes appointment of Cardinal Kasper’s successor. Catholic Culture, July 6, 2010. http://www.catholicculture.org/news/headlines/index.cfm?storyid
=6861
), Lutherans (ELCA Presiding Bishop Greets New Roman Catholic Christian Unity Leader. World Faith News, July 6, 2010. http://www.wfn.org/2010/07/msg00107.html), and the World Council of Churches (Ecumenical welcome for Vatican's new unity chief. Ekklesia, July 1, 2010. http://www.ekklesia.co.uk/node/12523). Kurt Koch was elevated to the rank of cardinal on October 20, 2010 (Simpson VL. Pope names 24 new cardinals. Associated Press, October 20, 2010. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/39755433/ns/world_news-europe/). On December 9, 2010, Zenit reported that Kurt Koch said he was elevated to Cardinal because of the Pope’s commitment to ecumenism (Cardinal Koch Affirms Pontiff's Interest in Ecumenism. Zenit, December 9, 2010. http://www.catholic.net/index.php?option=zenit&id=31197). Kurt Koch met with Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill on March 17, 2011 (Vatican’s Ecumenism Leader Meets With Russian Patriarch. Zenit, March 17, 2011. http://www.zenit.org/article-32048?l=english).

In Germany, the Pope and Lutheran leaders met and declared interest in ecumenical unity (Thavis J. In land of Martin Luther, pope prays for Christian unity. Catholic News Service, September 23, 2011. http://www.catholicnews.com/data/
stories/cns/1103775.htm
). Much more ecumenical effort and compromise is expected (and with signs and lying wonders also expected).

3.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect clearly warns that a major united European power will rise up (Chapter 5).

Although the Irish people had voted against the Lisbon Treaty in June 2008, in October 2009 20% more changed their mind and voted in favor of it (McDonald H. Ireland votes yes to Lisbon treaty. The Guardian, October 3, 2009. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/oct/03/ireland-votes-yes-lisbon-treaty). This caused the Polish president, another who had opposed it, to sign as well—he had been holding off signing it for 557 days after it had passed in Poland’s parliament (Rettman A. Poland ratifies Lisbon Treaty as Czech cloud hangs overhead. EU Observer, October 10, 2010. http://euobserver.com/9/28809).

The Washington Postreported that on November 3, 2009, Czech President Vaclav Klaus was the last leader from 27 European nations to sign the Lisbon Treaty. President Klaus, who was opposed to signing it, after doing so stated that this would eliminate the sovereignty of the Czech Republic as the Treaty forms a European supranational state (Janicek H. Czech leader gives in, signs new E.U. charter. Washington Post, Associated Press. November 4, 2009. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/11/03/AR2009110303497.html).

The European nations became part of the new empire called for the European Union on December 1, 2009 with Herman Von Rompuy as its “first permanent president” (EU Constitution Comes into Force. Voice of America, December 1, 2009. http://www1.voanews.com/english/news/europe/EU-Constitution-78224062-01DEC09-.html).

But many in America did not notice it as the Wall Street Journal stated, “Like a tree falling in a forest with nobody around, the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty made barely a sound on Tuesday. And that was in Brussels.” [December 1, 2009] (Fidler S. EU Treaty Could Ease U.S. Effort on Mission. Wall Street Journal, December 4, 2009. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB125988042088875605.html?mod=WSJ_hpp_MIDDLENexttoWhatsNewsSecond). Yet the same article indicated that this empire will develop much more power over time. And it will.

Greece learned in early 2010 that it lost much of its economic sovereignty because of Article 126.9 of the Lisbon Treaty (Evans-Pritchard, A. Greece loses EU voting power in blow to sovereignty. Telegraph, February 16, 2010. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/financetopics/financialcrisis/7252288/Greece-loses-EU-voting-power-in-
blow-to-sovereignty.html
).

On November 10, 2010, EU President Herman van Rompuy declared that in Europe the "time of the homogeneous nation state is over" (Johnson D. The end of Britain as a nation state? Not on your life, Mr Van Rompuy. Daily Mail, November 11, 2010. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/debate/article-1328579/Herman-Van-Rompuy-The-end-Britain-nation-state.html). Full political union is expected in the next decade by many leaders (Willis A. Germany predicts EU 'political union' in 10 years. EU Observer, December 13, 2010. http://euobserver.com/9/31485) and some want it much sooner (Czuczka T. Parker B. Merkel Risks EU Clash Over Political Union Push. Blommberg, November 14, 2011. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-11-14/merkel-risks-eu-clash-over-political-union-push-to-end-europe-debt-crisis.html).

A European empire is being formed, national sovereignty is being lost, and those who remain in the European empire (Britain, for example, may leave) will later turn all power over to this empire (Revelation 17:12-13).

4. 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warns that U.S. President Obama will encourage the rise of a European power to the ultimate peril of the U.S.A. (Chapter 8).

On October 15, 2009 it was reported that Czech President Vaclav Klaus was the lone EU leader still opposed to the Lisbon Treaty (Waterfield B. Czech President Vaclav Klaus 'to continue' lone resistance to Lisbon Treaty. Telegraph, October 15, 2009. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/czechrepublic/6329690/Czech-President-
Vaclav-Klaus-to-continue-lone-resistance-to-Lisbon-Treaty.html
).

The Obama administration worked to get the Lisbon Treaty approved as President Obama “wants a strong and united Europe” (Source: Baldwin T, Reid T., Coates S. Obama Administration worried about Cameron effect in Europe. The Times, October 21, 2009. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/politics/article6883075.ece#cid=OTC-RSS&attr=797093).

On October 23, 2009, US Vice President Joseph Biden visited the Czech Republic and gave it security reassurances (U.S. foreign policy aware of threats - Havel after meeting Biden. CTK, October 23, 2009. http://www.ceskenoviny.cz
/news/zpravy/u-s-foreign-policy-aware-of-threats-havel-after-meeting-biden/404375
). This could have possibly had some limited influence on some of the Czech leadership, as the Lisbon Treaty was signed two weeks after that visit.

On November 3, 2009, Agence France Presse (AFP) reported that USA President Barack Obama publicly expressed his support for the Czech President’s signing of the Lisbon Treaty and for now having a 'strengthened' EU (Obama welcomes 'strengthened' EU. AFP, November 3, 2009. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5hJ8
OzJSh0xfKow8z47RGCYQu1nsg
).

The New York Timesreported that on May 10, 2010, President Obama called German Chancellor Merkel and told her that Europe needed an overwhelming financial rescue for the sake of its unity, and she apparently heeded that suggestion. (Erlanger S, Benhold K, Sanger D. Debt Aid Package for Europe Took Nudge From Washington. The New York Times, May 10, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/11/business/global/11reconstruct.html).

In December 2010, it was announced USA made “an extra commitment of money” to support the EU and it was also reported that the “United States, has committed 250 billion euros to the EFSF” (European Financial Stability Facility) to support the euro and economic structure of the European Union (US Ready to Back Bigger EU Stability Fund: Official. Reuters, December 1, 2010. http://www.reuters.com/article/2010/12/01/eu-us-efsf-idUSLDE6B023Z20101201). "US believes it’s time Germany stepped up and started acting like a regional and even a global leader" and Barack Obama publicly stated, "The world today does not fear a strong Germany" (DJW. Media roundup: Barack gives Angie a push. The Local, June 8, 2011 http://www.thelocal.de/opinion/20110608-35537.html).

The Obama Administration is clearly supporting the rise of the European power. Even if it does nothing more, it has fulfilled this prediction in 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect.

5. 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect teaches that a temporary peace deal involving the Middle East with seven-year confirmation from a European leader (cf. Daniel 9:26-27) must come occur and then be broken (Chapters 5 & 8).

The EU foreign ministers insisted on parts of a future European Middle East peace plan on December 8, 2009
(Schaeder B., Corder M. EU: Jerusalem Should Be Joint Capital. New York Times, December 8, 2009. http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2009/12/08/world/AP-EU-EU-Mideast.html).

Israel Newsreported on October 11, 2010 that Spanish Foreign Minister Miguel Moratinos asserted that European participation in the Middle East peace process was vital (Cadares R. Spanish FM: Europe has vital role in Middle East. Israel News, October 11, 2010. http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3967643,00.html). Jordan called for European participation the same day, thus the Europeans are now expected to be part of a Middle East peace deal (Habib R. Jordan backs Europe role in Mideast after Israel snub. AFP. October 11, 2010. http://www.google.com/hostednews
/afp/article/ALeqM5jIdlxuA_nEOehq0EdrFfn3FMvZlQ?docId=CNG.ca5885cbc217ad8dfe9576713d2a47c7.491
).

On January 23, 2011, Reuters reported that a temporary peace deal was being proposed by the Israelis (Israel's Lieberman charts interim peace deal- report. Reuters, January 23, 2011. http://ca.reuters.com/
article/topNews/idCATRE70M0EM20110123
). The idea of a timed (like seven year) peace deal is in the works.

A poll found that 81% of Israelis wish to have their nation as part of the European Union (Survey shows vast majority of Israelis support Israel joining the European Union. EJP, July 15, 2011. http://www.ejpress.org/article/news/eastern
_europe/52080
), this suggests that they may willing to support a European brokered peace deal. Interestingly, “Europe is emerging as the key diplomatic actor” in a Middle East peace deal (Landler M. As U.S. Steps Back, Europe Takes Bigger Role in Mideast Peace Push. New York Times, July 20, 2011.http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/21/world/
middleeast/21mideast.html?_r=1
). The biblically-based prediction in 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect is in the process of coming to pass.

6.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect explains that once the U.S. dollar is collapses, the world in general and the European replacement currency in particular will find it useful to greatly increase gold reserves to restore confidence in paper currencies (Appendix B).

After India bought 200 metric tons of gold bullion from the IMF, financial traders and others reported that gold is now being considered to be part of the world's reserve currency (India, China and Gold. Seeking Alpha, November 5, 2009. http://seekingalpha.com/article/171537-india-china-and-gold; Krishnan R. There’s a long-term case for non-dollar assets. Live Mint, November 6, 2009. http://www.livemint.com/2009/11/06224817/There8217s-a-longterm-case.html).

According to a November 14, 2009 story at the Center for Research on Globalization, it appears that a new currency with gold backing may be what will replace the U.S. dollar. Specifically the story states that “the new currency will have gold backing” (Chapman B. A financial system which has almost exclusively benefited the wealthy. CGR, November 14, 2009. http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=16048).

Others have noticed that gold is becoming a reserve for currency for various nations (Picerno J. Should You Buy Gold Now? CBS, December 9, 2009. http://moneywatch.bnet.com/investing/article/gold-prices-soaring-should-you-buy-gold
-now/371892/
Larkin N, Nguyen PD. Gold Advances in New York on Demand for Alternative to Currency. Bloomberg - Feb 17, 2010. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601012 &sid=aRsOD3sQ0q6M) and even individual investors (Ratner J. Gold's future bright as 'anti-currency'. Financial Post. May 3, 2010. http://www.financialpost.com/
news-sectors/story.html?id=2981775
). Gold hit several price records since the book came out and the Wall Street Journal says that gold records are being set as gold is seen as a hedge against the diminishing value of the US dollar (Whitaker M. PRECIOUS METALS: Gold Breaches $1370, Seen As Currency Hedge. Wall Street Journal, October 13, 2010. http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20101013-711124.html). In 2011, Forbes reported, “that gold is on the way to being seen as a currency as well as a safe haven against the decline in the value of the dollar” (Lenzner R. JP Morgan Accepts Gold As Collateral For Stock Purchases. Forbes, Feb. 8 2011. http://blogs.forbes.com
/robertlenzner/2011/02/08/jp-morgan-accepts-gold-as-collateral-for-stock-purchases/
).

“Central banks and private investors are increasingly turning to gold as an alternative store of value as paper currencies continue to fall.” (Cui C. World Is Bitten by the Gold Bug. Wall Street Journal, April 21, 2011 http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704889404576277361924031364.html?mod=googlenews_wsj)

7.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warns that the Large Hadron Collider, which was not even functional when the book came out, would likely develop technologies to be used militarily by the coming European power (p. 85).

On November 22, 2009, it was reported by the BBC that the Large Hadron Collider became functional and was providing useful technology for the Europeans (Rincon P. Large Hadron Collider progress delights researchers. BBC, November 22, 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8372737.stm).

On November 30, 2009, the Large Hadron Collider set a new world record, “the $8-billion collider located on the Franco-Swiss border successfully accelerated the machine's twin beams of protons to 1.18 trillion electron volts Monday. That surpasses the previous collider record of 0.98 trillion electron volts, set in 2001 by America's Tevatron collider, located at Fermilab outside Chicago…The collider isn't even at full power yet.” (Johnson J. Large Hadron Collider roars to life. Los Angeles Times, December 1, 2009. http://www.latimes. com/news/nation-and
-world/la-sci-hadron1-2009dec01,0,7338976.story
). The New York Times reported that with its November and December 2009 results that its “spinoffs will invigorate the careers and labs in Europe, not the United States (Overbye D. Collider Sets Record, and Europe Takes U.S.’s Lead. New York Times, December 9, 2009. http://www.
nytimes.com/2009/12/10/science/10collide.html
).

It has attained success with antimatter that had long been considered to be “impossible” (Major new breakthrough for CERN scientists. Euronews, 27 November 2010. (http://www.euronews.net/2010/11/27/major-new-breakthrough-
for-cern-scientists/
) and has made monumental progress since (Murphy D. CERN Scientists Trap Antimatter for Almost 17 Minutes. PC Magazine, June 5, 2011 http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2386429,00.asp). It even discovered a new particle, called Chi_b (3P)in December 2011 (Amos J. LHC reports discovery of its first new particle. BBC, December 22, 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-16301908).

And even though it will run into technical problems sometimes, it is highly likely that the Large Hadron Collider will spin off significant military technology as 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect suggests.

8.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warns that the USA will continue to greatly increase its debt (Chapter 8).

The USA national debt clock registered 9.2 trillion dollars in April 2008, was 11 trillion in July 2009.

On February 12, 2010, President Obama signed a bill raising the USA debt ceiling to $14.3 trillion (Obama signs law lifting debt ceiling. AFP, February 12, 2010. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gaXeUkifD
BLCpg5SyHD0hgxn1EPw
).

Because of problems like the Gulf Oil spill, in late May 2010 the USA decided to postpone certain oil exploratory projects (Achenbach J, Fahrenthold DA, Branigin W. Obama heads to Gulf Coast a second time as oil spill’s impact grows. Washington Post. May 28, 2010. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/05/28/
AR2010052801495.html
), and this will result in less USA jobs and more USA debt. A 20 trillion dollar debt is now expected (Hansen VD. America's humiliating debt. The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 14, 2010. http://www.philly.
com/inquirer/opinion/20101014_America_s_humiliating_debt.html
).

“Quantitative easing” is a more subtle way of increasing US debt. And a “possible downside of quantitative easing is the risk of hyperinflation” (Fed Opts for Quantitative Easing, Bonds Purchases. My Bank Tracker, November 3, 2010. http://www.mybanktracker.com/bank-news/2010/11/03/fed-quantitative-easing-decision/). On January 13, 2012, Barack Obama formally asked Congress for another $1.2 trillion in debt (Obama: US needs to borrow further $1.2 trillion. Independent Online, January 13, 2012. http://www.iol.co.za/business/international/obama-us-needs-to-borrow-further-1-2-trillion-1.1212323).

U.S. debt is greatly increasing as the book 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect predicted.

9.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warned that, “Because of domestic economic concerns and international pressures, Barack Obama is shifting priorities away from defense spending… This will help lead to the destruction of the United States, when the Europeans are ready and the U.S.A. is not” (Chapter 8, p. 147).

On April 8, 2010, President Obama signed a nuclear arms reduction treaty with Russia which will reduce the total nuclear and military strength of the USA (Loven J. Obama In Prague: Russia Nuclear Arms Deal Signed With Medvedev. The Huffington Post, April 8, 2010. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/04/08/obama-prague-
russia-nuclear-arms-deal-medvedev_n_529726.html
). The treaty was partially based on apparently flawed and overly optimistic assessment of the USA’s missile intercept abilities (Broad W, Sanger D. Review Cites Flaws in U.S. Antimissile Program. New York Time, May 17, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/18/world/18missile.html?hp). Having less military power means that other powers (like Europe) gain strength relative to the USA.

Interestingly, the USA’s major military partner, the United Kingdom, has also seriously cut its defense spending (LaFranci H. Big British defense cuts weaken Pentagon's top military partner. Christian Science Monitor, October 20, 2010. http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Foreign-Policy/2010/1020/Big-British-defense-cuts-weaken-Pentagon-s-top-military-partner).

The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff declared that certain “automatic” defense cuts would “break” the U.S. military, while the Defense Secretary stated they would be “catastrophic” (Munoz C. Chairman of Joint Chiefs Says Doomsday Cut Would 'Break' Military. AOL News, September 23, 2011. http://defense.aol.com/2011/09/22/chairman-of-joint-chiefs-says-doomsday-cut-would-break-militar/).

10.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warns that “for the daily sacrifices to stop, they will have had to start” (Appendix B, pp. 302-303).

And for the daily sacrifices to start, while a temple is not biblically required for that (Ezra 3:6), a sacrificial altar is (Ezra 3:2-3). December 25, 2009, it was reported that the Temple Institute announced that it finished building a sacrificial altar (Ronen G. Model Altar of Unhewn Stones Completed at Temple Institute. Israeli National News, December 25, 2009. http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/135199).

Late on February 19, 2011, Dr. Thiel received an email from Boruch Fishman stating that he had “received permission from Rav Ariel, Director of the Temple Institute, to request permission from the Jerusalem Police to bring the Pesach offering this year” (http://www.cogwriter.com/news/prophecy/boruch-fishman-temple-institute-sacrifice-in-jerusalem-in-april-2011/). And while official permission was not granted, this shows that Jews are serious about resuming sacrifices and that they realize that they do not need to wait for a temple to do so. But on June 1, 2011, for the first time since the Jews took over the Temple Mount, Jewish priests were permitted to come there and provide a “priestly blessing” (Fendel H. First Time: Temple Mount Priestly Blessing on Jerusalem Day. Israel National News, June 2, 2011 http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/144701)—this is an important step as Jewish priests will need to go to that region to perform sacrifices.

11. 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect explains that the leadership of the Orthodox Church will ultimately support a council to lure most Eastern Orthodox into unity with the Church of Rome, as will many Protestants (Chapter 10).

“Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople’s newest encyclical encourages dialogue between the Orthodox Church and other Christian churches and laments those who are ‘unacceptably fanatical’ in challenging such dialogue” (Patriarch of Constantinople’s new encyclical defends Catholic-Orthodox dialogue. CAN, February 20, 2010. http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/news/patriarch_of_constantinoples_new_encyclical_defends_catholic
-orthodox_dialogue/
).

Although just a few days prior to his elevation to become the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox, Bishop Kirill opposed ecumenical discussions with Rome (Likely Moscow patriarch stresses differences with Catholic belief. CAN, January 23, 2009. http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/news/likely_moscow_patriarch_stresses_differences_with_catholic_
belief/
), even he has changed since 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect was released (Cooper R. Russian Orthodox and Catholic church may end 950-year rift. Telegraph, November 13, 2009. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/expat/expatnews
/6553583/Russian-Orthodox-and-Catholic-church-may-end-950-year-rift.html
).

“Benedict XVI says that dialogue between Catholics and Orthodox is at a “crucial point” and invited heartfelt prayer to the Holy Spirit for progress to continue. The Pope said this today when he addressed members of a delegation from Orthodox Patriarch Bartholomew I” (Pope Praises Orthodox Commitment to Unity. Zenit, June 28, 2010. http://www.zenit.org/article-29736?l=english).
Orthodox leaders are becoming more and more supportive of the idea of unity/councils with Rome. On the Protestant side, even the president of the Lutheran World Federation, Bishop Munib Younan has tried to get into closer unity with Rome (Ecumenical News International. Lutheran leader seeks agreement on Communion with the Pope. Ekklesia, December 21, 2010. http://www.ekklesia.co.uk/node/13813).
12.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warns that there will likely be gaps in the U.S. G.P.S. system and this may require the U.S. military to rely on the upcoming European Galileo system (essentially an upgraded and European developed version of G.P.S) to meet that gap (Chapter 5, pp. 84-85).
The U.S. Air Force disputed the idea of gaps in military satellite communications (Air Force Official Disputes GAO Report on Projected GPS Failure. Satellite Today, May 26, 2009. http://www.viasatellite.com/military/headlines/
Air-Force-Official-Disputes-GAO-Report-on-Projected-GPS-Failure_31100.html
), when that portion of the book was written.

But, on November 10, 2009, Aviation Week reported that the leader of U.S. Strategic Command, Air Force Gen. Kevin Chilton, “says so few satellites are in queue now for launch for critical missions–such as weather observation satcom or ballistic missile warning–that there is a risk of service gaps that could impede the military’s ability to do its job” (Butler A. U.S. Satellite Coverage Gaps Loom. Aviation Week, November 10, 2009. http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/
generic/story_channel.jsp?channel=defense&id=news/RISK111009.xml&headline=U.S.%20Satellite%20Coverage%20Gaps%20Loom
).

Furthermore, because of concerns about China, Reuters reported on February 4, 2010, “The U.S. Defense Department is linking its Global Positioning System with Europe’s Galileo, another space-based global navigation satellite system. GPS will feature a new military signal called M-code to boost anti-jamming, facilitate secure access and increase the local signal strength.” (Wolf J. US, wary of China, mulls satellite substitutes. Reuters, February 4, 2010. http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSN0411054720100205). This linking will essentially guarantee that the USA will have a portion of their military response ability controlled by the Europeans. Galileo initially had critics as there were “early objections from the Americans who thought a rival system to GPS might be used to attack its armed forces” (Amos J. EU awards Galileo satellite-navigation contracts. BBC, Jan 7, 2010.http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi
/science/nature/8442090.stm
).

The “brain” of the Galileo satellite system was shipped to Rome on April 26, 2010 (First EU Navigation Satellite Payload Shipped. Red Orbit, 26 April 2010. http://www.redorbit.com/news/space/1855166/first_eu_
navigation_satellite_payload_shipped/
).

The Wall Street Journal reported on June 28, 2010 that the Obama Administration hopes to persuade the American people that having to rely on Europe’s Galileo “to augment” for part of our GPS needs is in the interest of global cooperation (Pasztor A. New Space Calls for Global Cooperation. Wall Street Journal, June 28, 2010 http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704212804575332420948502224.html?mod=WSJ_hpp_MIDDLTopStories). This became official on July 30, 2010 (U.S. and the EU to collaborate on usage of Global Navigation Satellite Systems. BNO News, July 31, 2010. http://wireupdate.com/local/u-s-and-the-eu-to-collaborate-on-usage-of-global-navigation-satellite-systems/).

The USA has even agreed to let Germany in on a new secret spy satellite program (US and Germany in joint spy satellite project: cable. AFP - Jan 3, 2011. http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=CNG.63ce099f0759b32debc0c53d5ee39e68.
4a1&show_article=1
). Galileo satellites are expected to be launched in 2011 (European Space Agency predicts European space revolution. Defence Web, January 18, 2011. http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_
content&view=article&id=13081:european-space-agency-predicts-european-space-revolution&catid=35
:Aerospace&Itemid=107
).

The problems with GPS combined with Galileo, revealing spy satellite technology, and the fact that the first non-American, French General became one of the two “Supreme Commanders” for NATO in September, 2009 (French General Takes Over Key NATO Command In U.S. RTT News, September 10, 2009.http://www.rttnews.com/
ArticleView. aspx?Id=1062869
; http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_50114.htm) means that the Europeans will have much more control over the military over the USA than most have imagined.

With the USA now officially agreeing to rely on the European Galileo system for part of its military needs, another prediction in 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect has already come to pass.

13.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warns that there may be civil unrest in Europe (Chapters 5 & 16).

USA Todayreported on what have been called "anti-austerity protests" that swept across Europe in late September 2010
(Anti-austerity protests sweep across Europe. USA Today, September 30, 2010. http://www.usatoday.com/money/world
/2010-09-29-europe-austerity-protests_N.htm
).

Civil unrest and violent protests in France in October 2010 led to hundreds being arrested (France crippled by continuing strikes as protests against pension reforms turn violent. Daily Mail, October 19, 2010. http://news1.capitalbay.com/
news/france_crippled_by_continuing_strikes.html
). "Bombs were sent to a number of embassies in the Greek capital Athens on" November 2, 2010 by Greek protestors (Heinrich M, Apps P. Instant View: Bomb incidents in Greece. Reuters, November 2, 2010. http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE6A12ND20101102). In 2012, Romania began to experience violent civil unrest and riots (AP. Violent austerity protests rage in Romania. USA Today, January 16, 2012. http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/story/2012-01-16/romania-violent-protests/52598336/1).

Yet, these are just preliminary forms of civil unrest as more major civil unrest in Europe likely to result in the rise of the prophesied Great Monarch/King of the North.

14.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warns that apparitions that some people will claim to be Mary of the Bible may be used as part of the ecumenical religion that will arise and call itself Catholic (Chapter 6, pp. 113-117).

In June 2000, Cardinal Ratzinger declared concerning the “third secret of Fatima” that “No great mystery is revealed; nor is the future unveiled” (Ratzinger J, Cardinal. Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. The Message of Fatima: Theological Commentary. http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_
cfaith_doc_20000626_message-fatima_en.html viewed 12/22/10
). Yet, he changed that position in May 2011 (Vatican Radio, May 13, 2010. http://www.oecumene.radiovaticana.org/en1/Articolo.asp?c=392469). This change has continued and also has been noted by others (Special Report on Conference in Rome. Fatima Center Newsletter, May 31, 2011). Because of the Pope’s change on Fatima, this demonstrates that the stage is being set for people to accept more from “Marian apparitions”—and this is consistent with what needs to happen for “Marian apparitions” to move outside of fringe Catholicism and set the stage for the ecumenical “Catholicism” that the book warns will emerge.

15.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warns (through quoting Habakkuk 2:7) that foreign creditors “will rise up suddenly” against the USA (Chapter 8, pp. 131-132, 148).

On November 8, German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble publicly warned, “The United States lived on borrowed money for too long” (Interview With German Finance Minister Schäuble: ‘The US Has Lived on Borrowed Money for Too Long’. Spiegel, November 8, 2010. http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,727801,00.html). Der Spiegel reported, "Americans have lived beyond their means for decades...Everything was paid for with borrowed money" (A Superpower in Decline: Is the American Dream Over? Der Spiegel, November 1, 2010. http://www
.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,726447,00.html
).

On November 9, 2010, a major Chinese rating service dropped the credit rating of the bonds of the U.S. Treasury (Fellman J, Xie Y. China’s Dagong Cuts U.S. Credit Rating to A+ on Fed’s Quantitative Easing Bloomberg, November 9, 2010. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-11-09/china-s-dagong-downgrades-u-s-to-a-on-quantitative-easing-xinhua-says.html).

At some point, foreign holders will refuse to accept greater amounts of U.S. debt or the dollar as reserve currency,” Mr. Hummel said in a note to investors (Cui C. World Is Bitten by the Gold Bug. Wall Street Journal, April 21, 2011 http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704889404576277361924031364.html?mod=googlenews_wsj). Asian nations are holding meetings to try to figure out what to do with their dollar reserves (Adam S. Asia Seeks to Diversify Record Reserves as U.S. Dollar Declines. Bloomberg, May 2, 2011. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-05-02/asia-seeks-to-diversify-record-reserves-as-u-s-dollar-declines.html). A June 22, 2011 report issued by the US Congressional Budget Office warned of a possible “sudden fiscal crisis” with foreigners reacting to US debt practices (Taylor A. CBO: Debt Crisis Looms Absent Major Policy Changes. Associated Press, June 24, 2011. http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/wireStory?id=13907953). On August 5, 2011, Standard & Poors downgraded the credit worthiness of the US government (Arnall D. S&P Drops US Credit Rating to AA+. ABC, August 5, 2011. http://abcnews.go.com/Business/sp-drops-us-credit-rating-aa-easy-understand/story?id=14244259).

CNBC reported that Guan Jianzhong, chairman of Dagong Global Credit Rating, said that the US dollar is being “discarded by the world,” and the “process will be irreversible” (Wong ES. Dollar to Be 'Discarded' by World: China Rating Agency. CNBC, August 7, 2011. http://www.cnbc.com/id/44050325)

And while foreign creditors have not fulfilled the entire prediction in Habakkuk 2 yet, they have taken steps that indicate that they will fulfill it, and this will not be good for the United States.

16.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warns that Barack Obama will cause people to err and not discourage, but instead encourage, biblical sin (Chapter 8, pp. 130,148).

On February 18, 2011, the Obama Administration issued a ruling that pharmacists must supply abortive medication even if they have religious or other objections to doing so (Rovner J. New Contraception Rules Spark 'Conscience Clause' Debate. NPR, February 18, 2011. http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2011/02/18/133877729/new-rules-on-contraception-spark-conscience-clause-debate).

Also, in 2011, Barack Obama publicly turned against the Defense of Marriage Act (Richey W. Obama, in stand for gay rights, calls for repeal of DOMA. Christian Science Monitor, July 19, 2011. http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics
/2011/0719/Obama-in-stand-for-gay-rights-calls-for-repeal-of-DOMA
). Furthermore, at the United Nations he publicly advocated policies against biblical morality (Munro N. Obama delivers campaign stump speech at the UN. Daily Caller, September 21, 2011. http://dailycaller.com/2011/09/21/obama-delivers-campaign-stump-speech-at-the-un/).

17.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warns that Barack Obama will help enable the rise of a multi-national leader of an Islamic confederation, like an Imam, that the Bible refers to as the King of the South (Chapter 8, p. 132).

Many believed that how Barack Obama has handled the matter in Egypt will lead to unrest in the area and perhaps lead to some religious leaders arising in the Middle East/North Africa (Region incredulous at speed with which U.S. betrayed Mubarak. World Tribune, February 2, 2011. http://www.worldtribune.com/worldtribune/WTARC/2011/me_israel
0093_02_02.asp
; Worth RF. Unrest Encircles Saudis, Stoking Sense of Unease. New York Times, February 19, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/20/world/middleeast/20saudi.html?partner=rss&emc=rss). Barack Obama’s involvement in Libya is also changing matters there (Taylor A. Obama Orders Air Strike On Qhadafi’s Forces. U.S. Election News, March 20, 2011. http://uselectionnews.org/obama-orders-air-strike-on-qhadafis-forces/852317/). VOA even now subtitles many of its 2011 articles “Middle East in Transition” because events are changing there (cf. Middle East in Transition…Yemen… VOA, April 5, 2011 http://www.voanews.com/english/news/middle-east/in-transition/
Yemen-Police-Fire-on-Protesters-Across-Country-119241169.html
). Even his announcement that he ordered the killing of Osama bin Laden will likely contribute to this as it has upset various ones in the Middle East (Solomon E. Islamists vow bin Laden death will not mute Jihad call. Reuters, May 2, 2011. http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/05/02/
us-binladen-militants-idUSTRE74147320110502
). The Obama Administration has been supportive of the Muslim Brotherhood in Middle Eastern nations (Picket L. US recognized Libyan government working with Muslim Brotherhood? Washington Times, August 22, 2011. http://www.washingtontimes.com/blog/watercooler/2011/aug/22/
picket-us-recognized-libyan-government-working-mus/
; U.S. favors Muslim Brotherhood over pro-democracy Syrian opposition. World Tribune, August 17, 2011. http://www.worldtribune.com/worldtribune/WTARC/2011/me_syria1033
_08_17.asp
).

While many hoped that the “Arab Spring” was going to bring about a rise of secular governments in the Arab World, the reality is that many groups with ties to the Muslim Brotherhood have been gaining ground, including in the formerly more secular states of Tunisia and Egypt (Stephens B. Why the Islamists are Winning. Wall Street Journal. November 1, 2011, p. A15. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204394804577009622077664372.html). The goal of the Muslim Brotherhood is a multi-national Muslim empire called a caliphate like the Islamic confederation that 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect predicted.

While the final top Muslim leader is not yet in place, events and President Obama’s actions appear to be aligning with this prediction.

18.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warns that China may end up with at least part of Australia (pp. 323, 367).

On November 10, 2011, the author of 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect posted that the decision by Australia to
accept US Marines in northern Australia may be used as part of justification for China to eventually to attack the land of Australia and perhaps end up with it (Thiel B. Obama Putting ‘Permanent’ Troops in Australia Because of China, But…November 10, 2011. http://www.cogwriter.com/news/?s=marines). On November 18, 2011, it was reported that a Chinese-state newspaper claimed that Australia was putting risking itself in the “cross-fire” and hinted that China might now feel compelled to attack Australia (Calmes J. Obama Addresses Troops at Final Stop in Australia. New York Times, November 17, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/18/world/asia/obama-addresses-troops-at-final-stop-in-australia.html?_r=1).

So, while the actual taking over of Australian lands by China has not yet happened, events aligning with that possibility are happening.

19.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warned that there will be “Odd weather patterns...and natural disasters...It is the beginning of sorrows” (Chapter 16, p. 240).

The Natural Resources Defense Council reported that “every state experienced an extreme weather event in 2011…The NRDC says nearly 3,000 weather records were broken in the U.S. up to the end of October, 2011” (The map showing how America has been plagued by record-breaking extreme weather in 2011. Daily Mail, December 12, 2011. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2072925/The-map-showing-America-plagued-record-breaking-extreme-weather-2011.html#ixzz1gKb7pUGi).

While there have always been weather problems and national disasters, the fact of a record amount of them in the USA in 2011 is consistent with the prediction in 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect.

20.2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect warns that a multi-national Islamic confederation will form wanting an Imam, consistent with biblical prophecies for the King of the South (see Chapter 8, pp. 131-134).

A few weeks after the Tunisia's election in October 2011, Hamadi Jebeli, secretary-general of Ennahda, an Islamist party with ties to the Muslim Brotherhood, claimed: “My brothers, you are at a historic moment in a new cycle of civilisation, God willing. We are in sixth caliphate, God willing” (Mitchell J. Tunisia's Islamists hail arrival of the 'sixth caliphate'. The Telegraph. November 16, 2011. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean
/tunisia/8894858/Tunisias-Islamists-hail-arrival-of-the-sixth-caliphate.html
).

In November/December 2011, two Islamist parties (with more votes for the Muslim Brotherhood) gained political power in Egypt, and there were also similar gains in Morocco earlier in 2011 (Fadel MF. Islamists fare well in first round of Egypt's elections. CNN, December 3, 2011. http://edition.cnn.com/2011/12/03/world/africa/egypt-elections/).

The goal of the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood was to make a multi-national Islamic confederation led by an Imam. When 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect was being written, the Muslim Brotherhood and similar groups were illegal party in Egypt. So, while the final confederation has not yet formed, pieces of it are starting to fall into place.

Concluding Comments

Recognized news sources have reported (though have often not emphasized) these significant events. Most of the public has NOT learned how these events align with end time prophecies and predictions. But none of these events should have been a surprise for those who have read and understood 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect.
Prophecies are coming to pass and the groundwork is being shown in significant world events. Those who consider themselves Christians should heed Jesus’ and the Apostle Paul’s admonitions to watch world events (Mark 13:33-36; 1 Thessalonians 5:3-6). Christians and non-Christians should ponder that since some predicted events are coming to pass, that it is highly likely that others will as well. Many more predictions contained within the book 2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sectwill also come to pass.

If world prophecies made over the past 3,000 years are coming to pass, perhaps all may wish to understand them and the aligning world events. Those who know can better help themselves and their loved ones.

To Order2012 and the Rise of the Secret Sect call 1-805-489-7185 or visit: www.thesecretsect.com


www.thesecretsect.com


The book is also available in the Spanish, Portuguese, and German languages.

For German, 2012 und das Auftreten der geheimen Sekte, please go to www.amazon.com
For Brazilian Portuguese, 2012 e o Surgimento da Seita Secreta, please go to www.armazendanet.com
For Continental Portuguese, 2012 e o Surgimento da Seita Secreta, please go to www.armazendanet.com
For Spanish, 2012 y el asc

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Revealed: The FBI's Secretive Practice of "Blackballing" Files

by: Jason Leopold, Truthout | Report

(Photo: kalavinka; Edited: JR / TO)

Have you ever filed a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request with the FBI and received a written response from the agency stating that it could not locate records responsive to your request?

If so, there's a chance the FBI may have found some documents, but for unknown reasons, the agency's FOIA analysts determined it was not responsive and "blackballed" the file, crucial information the FBI withholds from a requester when it issues a "no records" response.

The FBI's practice of "blackballing" files has never been publicly disclosed before. With the exception of one open government expert, a half-dozen others contacted by Truthout said they were unfamiliar with the process of "blackballing" and had never heard of the term.

Trevor Griffey learned about "blackballing" last year when he filed a FOIA/Privacy Act request with the FBI to determine whether Manning Marable, a Columbia University professor who founded the Institute for Research in African-American Studies, sought the FBI's files on Malcolm X under FOIA. At the time of his death last April, Marable had just finished writing an exhaustive biography on the late civil rights activist. Griffey filed the FOIA hoping he would receive records to assist him with research related to a long-term civil rights project he has been working on.

In a letter the agency sent in response to his FOIA, the FBI told Griffey that it could not locate "main file records" on Marable responsive to his request. Last November, in response to a FOIA request Truthout filed with the FBI for a wide-range of documents on the Occupy Wall Street, the agency also said it was unable to "identify main file records responsive to [our] FOIA," despite the fact that internal FBI documents related to the protest movement had already been posted on the Internet. The FBI has been criticized in the past for responding to more than half of the FOIA requests the agency had received by claiming it could not locate responsive files.

Griffey, who also teaches US history at The Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington, and is co-editor of the book, "Black Power at Work: Community Control, Affirmative Action and the Construction Industry," was baffled. He found it difficult to believe that Marable would not have filed a FOIA for Malcolm X's FBI file. So, he sent an email to an FBI FOIA analyst asking for clarification.

The FBI FOIA analyst responded to Griffey by asking him to supply additional "keywords" to assist in a search of the agency's main file records. The analyst then disclosed to Griffey, perhaps mistakenly, that a search for previous requests for records on Marable turned up a single file that was "blackballed" per the agency's "standard operating procedure."

So last May, Griffey again turned to FOIA, this time to try and gain insight into the blackballing process. He filed a FOIA request with the FBI seeking a copy of the agency's standard operating procedure for "blackballing" files.

Two months later, he received five pages from an untitled and undated PowerPoint presentation that outlined procedures for blackballing files from FOIA requests. The FBI cited three exemptions under the law to justify withholding a complete and unredacted copy of the PowerPoint:

(b)(6) Personnel and medical files and similar files, the disclosure of which would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy.

(b)(7) Records or information compiled for law enforcement purposes, but only to the extent that the production of such law enforcement records or information:

C. Could reasonably be expected to constitute an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy;

E. Would disclose techniques and procedures for law enforcement investigations or prosecutions or would disclose guidelines for law enforcement investigations or prosecutions if such disclosure could reasonably be expected to risk circumvention of the law ...

Griffey appealed the FBI's decision to withhold information contained in the PowerPoint under the (b)(7)(E) exemption, but it was denied.

Still, the PowerPoint pages the FBI did turn over to Griffey provide insight into the "blackballing" process. On a page titled, "Blackball Files," it says files identified as 190 and 197 "main files," which are FBI classifications pertaining to FOIA/Privacy Act requests and civil litigation, are blackballed unless "specifically ask[ed] for" by the requestor when an initial FOIA request is made.

Moreover, the agency deems certain "control files," "separate files which relate to a specific matter and is used as an administrative means of managing, or 'controlling' a certain program or investigative matter," that pop up and are unresponsive to a FOIA to be ripe for blackballing. However, a FOIA analyst must first get permission from a supervisor before a "control file" can be blackballed.

Finally, according to the PowerPoint, some files are automatically blackballed by an FBI FOIA analyst, but the public is not permitted to know the classification of files that fall into that category because the FBI redacted that part of the PowerPoint, claiming disclosure would reveal "techniques and procedures for law enforcement investigations and procedures."

"Not only are we not told when the FBI withholds material from FOIA requests, but we are not even allowed to know all of the kinds of material it withholds," Griffey told Truthout. "The law itself and not just its enforcement, is now effectively secret."

But Bill Carter, an FBI spokesman, told Truthout in an interview that "blackballing" is not about secrecy nor is the process used in any way to conceal responsive records, which the Justice Department revealed it has been doing for more than two decades in certain cases.

"Blackball is a term of art used by the [FBI's] FOIA section people in the records management division," he said. "It's an unfortunate term. It applies to people and events. It means that we pulled a file that initially looked responsive but after a review it turned out it wasn't because the file didn't match the requestors specific request" for records.

Carter provided Truthout with an explanation of the blackballing process as provided to him by Dennis Argall, the assistant section chief of the Record/Information Dissemination Section, FBI's Records Management Division:

"[B]lackball" is a term we typically use to describe a file (not a request) that initially looked responsive but upon review we find it's for a different guy or event. It can also be used to describe a file that we won't process because, i.e., a guy makes a request for his "FBI file" in 2005 and [we] process it for him. When he makes another request for his "FBI file" in 2011, we will only process his "records" but will not process the file that was created to respond to the 2005 FOIA request, which is 190 file series.

That's exactly how the FBI described the blackballing process to attorney Kel McClanahan, executive director of Arlington, Virginia-based National Security Counselors, a public interest law firm.

McClanahan told Truthout in an email interview that he first learned about blackballing when the term was used in a set of FBI "processing notes" he requested from the agency to determine how FBI FOIA analysts had handled one of his FOIA requests.

Although McClanahan believes there is "definitely a place for blackballing in the FOIA process" he said the way the FBI "does blackballing leaves a lot to be desired."

"First of all, even though [the FBI] may blackball 50 records and release 3, they never tell the requester about the 50," McClanahan said, hitting on Griffey's main complaint about blackballing. "They never mention word one about 'and we found other records that we deemed non-responsive.' The requester is left to wonder why the FBI only found 3 records about the subject in question and he will never know that they found 50 others that they ultimately deemed non-responsive unless he has the foresight to FOIA the FBI's processing notes for his request. Knowledge like that is very important when a requester is trying to decide whether or not to tie up [the FBI's Office of Information Policy] with an administrative appeal, let alone litigation."

McClanahan said his concerns would largely be addressed if the FBI "only blackballed records for good reasons."

"If I could trust the FBI only to blackball things that were clearly non-responsive, I don't need to know that they found completely unrelated records," he added. "However, that's not what the FBI does. I have seen it blackball records because they 'weren't FBI records,' even though they were in FBI files (they were FBI copies of other agencies' records, which any FOIA person worth his salt knows are still responsive to a FOIA request made to FBI). I've seen it blackball records because the request asked for 'internal FBI records' and the records in question were sent outside of the FBI, based on a strained interpretation of the word 'internal.'"

The FBI will be forced to make a choice "if it wants to apply FOIA correctly," McClanahan said.

"The agency can either limit its blackballing to records that nobody would think are responsive (e.g. different people with the same name, records outside a set time frame); or it can tell requesters in the administrative stage that it determined that certain records were non-responsive and why," he said. "Failing to do either, however, is bad FOIA."

Creative Commons License



 

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Japan Turning to Nuclear Fusion Following Fukushima

By Al Fin | Tue, 17 January 2012 18:42 | 0

 

 

After the Fukushima nuclear crisis -- triggered by a massive earthquake and tsunami -- Japan has been strongly divided on nuclear power. Many Japanese will only consider a nuclear future for Japan if the technology is proven to be free of threats of radioactive contamination and runaway chain reaction meltdowns. Nuclear fusion offers the promise of nuclear power without melt-downs or widespread contamination -- even after the worst natural disasters. And so International Professional Networks (IPN) of Japan has turned to Fusion Power Corporation (FPC) to investigate the use of FPC's heavy ion fusion (HIF) for Japan.

Heavy ion fusion
Images via FusionPowerCorporation

With the loss of nuclear facilities at Fukushima, Japan is in need of an alternative set of energy production facilities. As a result of that loss, Japan's prime minister, Naoto Kan recently announced that: “… the country will abandon plans to build more nuclear reactors” and has encouraged Japan to explore other forms of energy production. “Fusion power production using the techniques incorporated in the Fusion Power Corporation HIF design should be one of the systems under consideration,” said Mr. Saruta.

Dr. Charles Helsley, President of Fusion Power Corporation, is very confident that FPC's fusion power system is a good fit for Japan's needed power development. It is carbon free and generates no radioactive problems while producing hydrogen for synthetic fuels and ample electricity using known technologies. Dr. Helsley said, “FPC's HIF process can provide many benefits to the world. It is an inherently safe system and cannot 'run away' nor ‘melt down'. It can stabilize the cost of energy to industry while meeting the need for liquid fuels and electricity in a clean, green and safe way.” And he further said, “I am very pleased with FPC's association with IPN and look forward to assisting in Japan's development of safe fusion power as a replacement for the problem laden fission power generation systems.” Mr. Saruta added, “It will be one of the best alternatives for the solution of Japan's current energy problem and should be part of Japan's long term plan.”

FPC is a California Corporation established to create a new 'clean green … and safe' power system using Heavy Ion Fusion energy to supply the energy needs of the US and the world _Benzinga

FPC utilises a deuterium - tritium cycle, with the tritium being generated by neutron - lithium reaction.

More information on Fusion Power Corporation's HIF technology
More information on Fusion Power Corporation's HIF technology

The isotopes of hydrogen have specific names, unlike the isotopes of other elements, namely deuterium and tritium. Deuterium(2H) is naturally present in all water and thus seawater is our primary source of fuel. Tritium(3H), the other component of fuel in a fusion power source, is of very low abundance in nature. This is in consequence of tritium being an unstable isotope with a relatively short half-life, 12.3 years. Tritium to start-up the first of our fusion systems will come from stores extracted from fission power plants, where it serves no useful purpose and is unwanted. Containment of tritium is virtually the sole radiological safety issue for fusion power. The difficulty of achieving zero release of tritium in fission power plants comes from having water both in contact with the core and to drive steam turbines. Fusion does not have this challenge, and zero release is a practical goal.

Although an external source of tritium is needed to start our operations, we will produce it for long-term operations via a feature of the D-T reaction. Like all D-T fusion systems, we will use the neutron from the fusion reaction to produce tritium from neutron-lithium reactions. Lithium is consumed in the D-T fuel cycle. As discussed in the last section (below), the lithium needed to start-up the first fusion system will come from conventional, land-based sources. However, the oceans contain large quantities of lithium, and FPC’s overall system includes extraction of lithium from seawater to produce the energy the world needs. Thus resources for our two long term fuel needs for deuterium and lithium are found in the oceans. We will extract our fuel in processes that are sensitive environmentally, and these resources are enough to last millions of years.

The FPC system has a unique potential to breed substantially more tritium than it burns. This is an important asset to the start-up of the additional HIF power sites needed around the world for two reasons. First, because it uses the more plentiful lithium isotope (7Li) as well as 6Li (7.5% of the total), it reduces the net amount of lithium that will ultimately be consumed over time in the fusion fuel cycle. Second, the excess tritium will supply the startup needs of successive fusion plants, avoiding a potential bottleneck due to limited tritium from non-fusion sources. Most of the excess tritium will be sold for this purpose, but some may be securely stored and allowed to decay to 3He, a valuable substance with extraordinary physical properties as well as being a fusion fuel. _FPC Technology

Heavy Ion Fusion Tutorial from VNL

Heavy Ion Driven Ignition

...in fast ignition a separate, very sharp pulse (high peak-power and less than 1/10 the duration of the compression process) is used to ignite only the desired mass of fuel after it has been compressed. The “fast ignited” fuel sets off the rest of the fuel much like a blasting cap sets off a stick of dynamite. The great importance of this feature of FPC’s driver (also a feature of the Russian design) is that the required fuel compression has been within the state of the art for some years already....

The space in which the fusion reactions take place is called a reaction chamber. Three factors influence its design. First, the chamber needs to hold a good vacuum to enable the heavy ions from the accelerator system to reach the fuel pellet and to provide a secure containment vessel for the capture of the tritium that is generated after the reaction takes place. Second, the chamber must be able to withstand the pressure generated by the fusion reaction. And third, the reaction chamber must contain a liquid that can be heated to a high temperature as part of the energy extraction process.

...There is a fourth factor that must also be considered in the design of the reaction chamber. As stated earlier, the neutrons produced by the fusion reaction carry 80% of the reaction’s energy. The energy must be captured as thermal energy, for downstream conversion to electricity and other energy products, and the neutrons must be prevented from degrading the structural properties of the chamber materials. FPC’s chamber concept accomplishes all the required missions, and much more. The numerous advantages of the chamber’s configuration include a unique combination of long chamber life and the high temperatures in working fluid that are needed for efficient energy conversion. Ultimately, the set of advantages results in very large economic benefits. _FPCTechnology

By. Al Fin



 

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Disasters cost $366 bn in 2011: UN

GENEVA — Natural disasters such as the huge earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan caused a record $366 billion (285 million euros) damage in 2011, the UN disaster risk reduction agency UNISDR said on Wednesday.

A total of 29,782 people were killed in 302 disasters last year, the body said.

Storms and floods accounted for up to 70 percent of catastrophes but earthquakes were the biggest killer.

Figures released by the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) and the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction showed quakes claimed 20,943 lives, most of them in Japan.

The earthquake and tsunami that sparked the Fukushima nuclear plant catastrophe in March was also the costliest disaster, causing damage worth $210 billion.

This was followed by the floods that hit Thailand from August to December which cost the country $40 billion.

The number of disasters was down on 2010, when 385 occurred, according to CRED figures.

However 2011 practically saw a tripling in costs from $123.9 billion recorded in the previous 12 months.

CRED director Debarati Guha-Sapir said: "It was notable last year that many of the disasters were in high and middle-income countries which have the resources for better disaster prevention."

In addition to the Japan earthquake, the centre cited the floods in Brazil in January, the quake that hit New Zealand in February, and Hurricane Irene in the United States in August and September.

The Brazil floods were the deadliest in the country's history, taking 900 lives.

Other major disasters included the October earthquake in Turkey and the tropical storm Sendong that hit the Philippines last month, claiming 1,430 lives.

This was the second highest death toll for disasters in 2011 after the 19,846 who died in Japan.

"The Japan earthquake and the accompanying tsunami is a reminder to us all that we cannot afford to ignore the lessons of history no matter how forgotton," said UNISDR chief Margareta Wahlstrom.

"The many major cities located in seismic zones need to take seriously the probability of return events even if many years have passed since the last seismic event of major magnitude.

"Unless we prepare for the worst, then many earthquake-prone urban areas around the world are destined to see even greater loss of life in the future as more and more people move to cities."

In total 206 million people were affected by disasters last year. This includes 106 million hit by floods and 60 million by drought, mainly in the Horn of Africa.

Guha-Sapir said droughts and famines were rarely "spectacular" events but caused a massive number of deaths which often went uncounted.

"Reliable statistics and data should be a priority for better and more timely preventative action," the expert said.



 

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Imagine a World
Without Free Knowledge

For over a decade, we have spent millions of hours building the largest encyclopedia in human history. Right now, the U.S. Congress is considering legislation that could fatally damage the free and open Internet. For 24 hours, to raise awareness, we are blacking out Wikipedia. Learn more.

Contact your representatives.

 

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Iran's Al Qods cells for Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Kuwait to hit oil and US targets
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report January 18, 2012, 10:39 AM (GMT+02:00)

Gen. Qassem Soleimani, Al Qods commander

In the past 48 hours, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Turkey have alerted Washington to intelligence reports of Iranian Al Qods Brigades operatives heading their way for attacks on oil installations and American targets. The alert was accompanied by a query about how the US intended to respond to the approaching menace.

Reporting this, debkafile’s intelligence and counterterrorism sources say the information relayed to Washington was more detailed and specific than the customary tip-off.
Tuesday, Jan. 17, a US spokesman accused Tehran of deepening its involvement in the Syrian conflict. For the second time in a week, Washington disclosed that Al Qods commander Gen. Qassem Soleimani had visited Damascus recently, confirming Iranian arms shipments for ensuring President Bashar Assad's victory over the uprising against him.

debkafile’s intelligence sources report that another part of Soleimani's Damascus mission was to synchronize the Al Qods cells' strikes across the Middle East – in Turkey, Lebanon, Gaza and Sinai – with the tempo of Assad's crackdown on protest. He also dealt with setting up terrorist attacks against Israeli targets.

A US spokesman said: “We are confident that he was received at the highest levels of the Syrian government, including by President Assad.”

Four months ago, in October 2011, the US accused Soleimani of a hatching a conspiracy to assassinate the Saudi ambassador in Washington.

Tuesday night, the Turkish Security General Directorate-EGM put all the country's 81 districts on guard for the expected arrival of Al Qods operatives to stir up mass unrest against the Erdogan government and attack the US embassy and provincial consulates-general.
Their arrival, said the EGM notice, would be coordinated with the infiltration of Hizballah terrorist teams to Turkey.

debkafile’s sources in Ankara believe Tehran is kicking off its first round of Middle East terrorist operations in Turkey as punishment for consenting to the installation of a US radar station on its soil for the NATO shield against incoming Iranian missile attacks, in defiance of Iran's warnings. The Erdogan government is also being penalized for actively supporting Syrian resistance to the Assad regime, especially the Free Syrian Army-SFA.

When Iranian parliament speaker Ali Larijani visited Ankara Jan. 12, he delivered a last warning to the Turkish government to desist from both steps, although the visit was officially billed as focusing on the resumption of nuclear negotiations between Iran and the five powers plus Germany. Larijani's talks clearly ended in disagreement, judging by his parting shot: “We've got our ways of doing things.”

A senior counterterrorism source told debkafile sources on Wednesday, Jan. 18 that the Iranians are setting Turkey up as an example to show the US and their Middle East antagonists what they can expect when Tehran lets the Al Qods Brigades loose against them.

According to the information relayed to Washington by Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, Al Qods has been placed on the ready for action, such as blowing up oil fields, oil pipelines and oil export terminals. Some of its cells are already present among the two countries' Shiite populations in the guise of longtime Saudi and Kuwaiti nationals of Iranian descent; others to be dropped by sea on the Saudi and Kuwaiti coasts.


 

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